Three datasets in Worm Tracking: Spline, Tail, Centroid
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Three datasets in Worm Tracking: Spline, Tail, Centroid. Below are images of spline, tail and centroid tracking. Most of these models are shown for single, isolated worms or a pair of worms. . Body is modeled as 8 points and they connect to form a spline at a given time t.

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Three datasets in Worm Tracking: Spline, Tail, Centroid

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Three datasets in worm tracking spline tail centroid

Three datasets in Worm Tracking: Spline, Tail, Centroid

  • Below are images of spline, tail and centroid tracking. Most of these models are shown for single, isolated worms or a pair of worms.

Body is modeled as 8 points and they connect to form a spline at a given time t

Centroid is plotted (in red) and tail position is plotted (in blue)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDvSYxNGSNg


Three datasets in worm tracking spline tail centroid

Tracking Program should handle collisions efficiently

  • Some cases shown below where the green and red worms are identified and kept distinct from one another

Check out the pseudo code in this paper


Three datasets in worm tracking spline tail centroid

New Concepts in our Tracking Program

To make it versatile to work for tracking worms on agar plates or microfluidic chambers & for swimming or crawling worms.

To be able to detect mutants that pause for a long time, mutants that move very slow, and mutants that appear physically different from wild-type (either longer or shorter in length).

If possible, we should be able to track worms even in environments that have slowly moving objects (e.g. air bubbles).

We would be able to ask the user to select individual worms that he wants to track over the length of video. The default assumption would be to track all worms in the video.

We would be able to recognize body postures of multiple worms (see later slides for the 4 states) from spline shapes.


Three datasets in worm tracking spline tail centroid

List of RAW Parameters extracted from the Tracking Program

  • GUI asks the user to upload videos and reads parameters from the user (e.g. worm length, device under test)

  • Repeat for multiple videos in a single folder

  • Repeat for multiple (or all) worms in a single video

  • Extract Body centroid (x, y) coordinates of a single worm

  • Extract Tail coordinates (x, y) of a single worm

  • Extract Spline coordinates (up to 20) of a single worm

  • Save each extracted dataset in excel sheets


Three datasets in worm tracking spline tail centroid

List of Parameters Derived from the RAW data (extracted from the Tracking Program)

  • GUI then calculates derived parameters from the three data sets (Raw)

  • Extract centroid velocity (dx/dt and dy/dt) of multiple worms

  • Extract Tail velocity (dx/dt and dy/dt) of multiple worms

  • From Spline coordinates of each worm, guess if the worm is in which of the four states: (a) forward motion, (b) backward motion, (c) paused, or (d) omega turn.

  • Plot the above derived parameters over the video’s time period


Three datasets in worm tracking spline tail centroid

Use of Derived Parameters to Biologists

  • The time duration a worm spends in each of the four states tells a lot about the worm under test. Crudely, a lot of pauses and backward motion tells the worm does not like the environment. Lots of forward motion tells the worms likes the environment.

Omega Turn

Backward Motion

Pause

Forward Motion

  • In real-world, some mutants may not be easy to into a certain category. This is why, human visual observations can fail sometimes. Using a software for tracking and analyzing worm parameters is virtually free of bias.

  • In most experiments, we have two groups of worms: one is wild-type and other is the extreme mutant. Visually, you can different the wild-type from extreme mutant easily. But, if a third mutant is created, we want a faster way of saying “is it closer to wild-type or closer to the extreme mutant?” This process is called screening mutants.


Three datasets in worm tracking spline tail centroid

Use of Derived Parameters to Biologists

  • One Possible graph from the GUI to be given to biologists who gave us five different sets of worms (mut1, mut2, mut3, mut4, mut5):

color codes

Omega Turn

Backward Motion

Pause

Forward Motion

Usually moves forward

Usually pauses a lot

Different worm mutants

More omega turns

Time of video (minutes)


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