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By William Golding. The Lord of the Flies. William Golding (1911-1993). Was in World War II 1940 – Royal Navy Took part in D-Day and the sinking of the Bismarck Affected by what he saw in war Returned home, returned to teaching and wrote LotF in six weeks Published the novel in 1954

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The Lord of the Flies

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By william golding

By William Golding

The Lord of the Flies


William golding 1911 1993

William Golding (1911-1993)

  • Was in World War II

    • 1940 – Royal Navy

    • Took part in D-Day and the sinking of the Bismarck

    • Affected by what he saw in war

    • Returned home, returned to teaching and wrote LotF in six weeks

    • Published the novel in 1954

    • popular in 1950s, especially among teens


Lord of the flies

Lord of the Flies

  • The novel explores human nature – it assesses moral and ethical capabilities of man.

  • Asks the question is man innately good or evil?


Terms to know

Terms to know:

  • Allegory = a work that functions on two or more levels of meaning by comparing objects to symbols beyond the scope of the work

  • Bildungsroman = “formation novel”; follows a child or naïve person from innocence to experience or from youth to adulthood


Terms continued

Terms continued:

  • Dystopia = imaginary place where people are dehumanized and lead fearful lives; condition of life is extremely bad


Symbols in the novel

Symbols in the novel:

  • Island

  • Huts

  • Rocks

  • Glasses

  • Conch

  • Painted faces/chanting

  • Long hair

  • sow


Symbols in the novel1

Symbols in the novel:

  • Fire

  • Beastie

  • Flies

  • Lord of the Flies


Characters are also symbolic

Characters are also symbolic

  • Ralph

  • Jack

  • Simon

  • Piggy

  • Samneric


Setting is significant

Setting is Significant!

  • Archetypal settings – settings that are symbolic

    • Rivercastle

    • Gardentower

    • Wastelandwilderness

    • Mazesea

    • Desertsthreshold


Setting of the novel

Setting of the novel:

  • Post WWII

  • The boys are on a plane that travels from England east

  • It passes the Rock of Gilbraltor – a link between Africa and Europe – savagery and enlightment

  • The plane crashes on an unchartered island in the Indian Ocean (maybe the Pacific)


Setting of the novel1

Setting of the novel:

  • The island contains:

    • Warm sand

    • Fruit

    • Palm trees

    • A lagoon

    • A reef to protect from surf

      The island also contains a scar, pink granite, a rock fort, grasslands and a jungle


Theme topics

Theme topics

  • Disaster

  • Isolation

  • Survival

  • Power

  • Rebellion

  • Violence

  • Guilt, grief

  • coercion


Maslow s hierarchy of needs

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

1. Physiological needs -water, food, oxygen – we would die without them

2. Safety Needs – shelter, protection

3. Love and Belonging – (culture can begin here) escape loneliness, give and receive love, a sense of belonging

4. Esteem needs – to feel value, respect. If not met, a person feels weak, inferior, worthless

5. Self-actualization – all needs are met; it is finding one’s calling


Maslow

Maslow

  • Maslow’s is generally a positive view of man. As long as the basic needs are met, man achieves growth towards self-actualization


Sigmund freud

Sigmund Freud

  • Physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist, father of psychoanalysis

  • Theory that the mind is structured into three parts: Id, Ego, and Superego


Freud s structure of mind

Freud’s Structure of Mind

  • Id

    • Irrational and emotional part of the brain

    • Primitive mind

    • “pleasure principle” – I want it, I want it now

    • We equate id with child

    • If the Id is too strong = bound up in self-gratification and uncaring to others


Freud s structure of mind1

Freud’s Structure of Mind

  • EGO

    • Functions with the rational part of the mind

    • Negotiates between the ID and the SUPEREGO

    • Operates on reality

    • Compromises

    • “adult”

    • Seeks to balance pleasure (ID) with long-term consequences (Superego).


Freud s structure of mind2

Freud’s Structure of Mind

  • SUPEREGO

    • Moral part of the mind

    • Last part to develop

    • Embodiment of parents’ and society’s views

    • Strives for perfection

    • Follows rules

    • Creates anxiety


Reading schedule

Reading Schedule

  • Plan to read a chapter a day between 1/20 and 2/7 – 12 chapters in 19 days

  • You will have reading checks on class meeting days.

  • January 20-23 – chapters 1-2 should be finished by our class meeting on 1/24

  • 24th – chapter 3

  • 25th – chapter 4

  • 26th – chapter 5


Reading schedule1

Reading Schedule

  • 27th - chapter 6

  • 28th – chapter 7

  • 29th - catch up day

  • 30th – chapter 8

  • 31st – chapter 9

  • Feb. 1 – chapter 10

  • Feb. 2 – chapter 11

  • Feb. 3 – chapter 12


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