Overview of US Nuclear Energy Initiatives
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 25

Overview of US Nuclear Energy Initiatives PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 56 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Overview of US Nuclear Energy Initiatives. Harold McFarlane President. American Nuclear Society. 7671-9/06- 1. unauthorized informal informative. Energy Policy Act of 2005. Nuclear. New Plant Construction. R&D. Loan guarantees Risk assurance Production tax credit Price-Anderson

Download Presentation

Overview of US Nuclear Energy Initiatives

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Overview of us nuclear energy initiatives

Overview of US Nuclear Energy Initiatives

Harold McFarlane

President

American Nuclear Society

7671-9/06-1


Unauthorized informal informative

unauthorizedinformalinformative


Overview of us nuclear energy initiatives

Energy Policy Act of 2005

Nuclear

New Plant

Construction

R&D

  • Loan guarantees

  • Risk assurance

  • Production tax credit

  • Price-Anderson

  • Decommissioning funds

  • Next generation nuclear plant

  • Nuclear hydrogen production

  • Advanced fuel cycle initiative

  • Nuclear engineering program

  • Medical isotopes

7639-8/06-3


Us major nuclear initiatives

US Major Nuclear Initiatives

  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    • New licensing process

  • Department of Energy

    • Nuclear Power 2010

    • Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP)

    • Nuclear Hydrogen

    • Generation-IV

    • Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI)

    • Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)

    • Yucca Mountain Project


Nuclear power 2010

Nuclear Power 2010

Current US Nuclear Electric Generation: 104 Reactors; 100 GWe; 20% of total


Nuclear power 2010 initiative

Nuclear Power 2010 Initiative

  • Federal/private cost sharing

  • Early site permitting

  • Combined construction/operating license (COL)

  • COL application expected 2007-2008

  • Construction expected to begin in 2010 following NRC issuance of COL

2006 budget appropriation: $65.3 million

2007 budget request: $54.0 million


Next generation nuclear plant ngnp

Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP)

  • Very high temperature reactor

  • Electricity and/or industrial heat applications

  • New $8 million contract with industry

  • National laboratories working on technology gaps


Nuclear hydrogen initiative

Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative

  • Part of a larger hydrogen program

  • Investigating 2 high temperature approaches

    • Thermo-chemical water cracking

    • Steam electrolysis

  • Budget

    • 2006 appropriation: $24.8M

    • 2007 request: $18.7M


Generation iv

Generation-IV

  • Generation-IV International Forum (GIF) coordinates international research cooperation on advanced nuclear reactors

    • Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Euratom, France, Japan, South Africa, South Korea, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States

    • China and Russia to join this year

  • US emphasis has been on the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) and fast reactors


Advanced fuel cycle initiative

Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative

  • Advanced aqueous separations

  • Advanced pyroprocess methods

  • Advanced fuels for transmutation

  • Focus on improving repository performance

  • Implement advanced safeguards in process and facility design

  • Budget:

    • 2006 Appropriation: $79.2 million

    • 2007 Request: $243.0 million


High level waste repository program

High Level Waste Repository Program


Yucca mountain repository

Yucca Mountain Repository

  • License submittal 2008

  • Opening ~ 2017

  • DOE paying some utilities for fuel storage

  • “Adaptive Staging” recommended by National Research Council in 2003

  • Pending legislation


Senator domenici s yucca mountain bill

Senator Domenici’s Yucca Mountain Bill

  • Authorizes DOE to withdraw 147,000 acres of federally owned property

  • Replaces arbitrary 70,000 ton capacity with scientifically based capacity

  • Authorizes infrastructure construction after EIS

  • Gives DOE authority to accept and store SNF

    • Starts with defense waste and fuel

    • After construction permit, legacy civilian fuel

  • Withdraws land for rail line

  • Changes “standard contract” to 25 years after start of operation of new nuclear plants


Domenici s bill continued

Domenici’s bill, continued

  • Takes Waste Fund off budget

  • Requires NRC to accept legislation as satisfying waste confidence for new plant construction

  • Basically the bill would integrate DOE’s programs

    • High level waste program

    • Advanced nuclear energy program

    • Incorporate some recommendations from the National Research Council’s staging report


Global nuclear energy partnership gnep

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)

The US blueprint for nuclear sustainability

Source: www.gnep.energy.gov


Safeguards

Safeguards

Transparency

  • Incorporate into design of new facilities

  • Remote, automated intelligent systems

  • Materials tracking and process control

  • Remote sensing, environmental sampling and forensic verification

  • International tests and demonstrations

  • Continued support for global best practices in security and materials accounting


Reliable fuel services

Reliable fuel services

  • Limit sensitive technologies

    • Enrichment

    • Reprocessing

  • Must integrate into existing commercial uranium market

  • 17.4 tons HEU pledged by US

  • $50 million pledged by NTI/Warren Buffet

  • Excellent forum during IAEA General Conference

    • http://www.iaea.org/About/Policy/GC/GC50/SideEvent/report220906.pdf


Appropriately sized reactors

Appropriately sized reactors

  • 50-350 MWe sized for grid

  • Long fuel life; infrequent reloading

  • Passive safety systems

  • Electricity, district heating, potable water

  • IAEA safeguards

  • Physical protection from terrorism

  • R&D needed


Proliferation resistant recycle

Proliferation resistant recycle

  • UREX+ and Pyroprocessing

  • Remote fuel fabrication

  • Integrated safeguards


Minimized nuclear waste

Minimized nuclear waste

  • Employ advanced recycle

  • Custom waste forms

  • Manage heat load

  • Manage radiotoxicity


Advanced burner reactor

Advanced Burner Reactor

  • Sodium cooled

  • Fast neutron spectrum

  • Transmutation

  • Naturally safe


Gnep technology demonstrations

GNEP Technology Demonstrations

  • Advanced Burner Reactor

  • Advanced Fuel Cycle Facility

  • Advanced modeling and simulation

    and industrial application

  • Consolidated fuel treatment center


Trends in nuclear engineering enrollment

Undergraduate

Student

Enrollment

Trends in nuclear engineering enrollment

1,831

DOE Investment

($ in Millions)

Number of Students

HBCU/HSI

Student

Enrollment

DOE

Investment

70

US DOE August 2006


Overview of us nuclear energy initiatives

US Nuclear Initiatives

Aimed at nuclear expansion

American Nuclear Society

Thank you!

7671-9/06-25


  • Login