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Overview of US Nuclear Energy Initiatives. Harold McFarlane President. American Nuclear Society. 7671-9/06- 1. unauthorized informal informative. Energy Policy Act of 2005. Nuclear. New Plant Construction. R&D. Loan guarantees Risk assurance Production tax credit Price-Anderson

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slide1

Overview of US Nuclear Energy Initiatives

Harold McFarlane

President

American Nuclear Society

7671-9/06-1

slide3

Energy Policy Act of 2005

Nuclear

New Plant

Construction

R&D

  • Loan guarantees
  • Risk assurance
  • Production tax credit
  • Price-Anderson
  • Decommissioning funds
  • Next generation nuclear plant
  • Nuclear hydrogen production
  • Advanced fuel cycle initiative
  • Nuclear engineering program
  • Medical isotopes

7639-8/06-3

us major nuclear initiatives
US Major Nuclear Initiatives
  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission
    • New licensing process
  • Department of Energy
    • Nuclear Power 2010
    • Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP)
    • Nuclear Hydrogen
    • Generation-IV
    • Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI)
    • Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)
    • Yucca Mountain Project
nuclear power 2010
Nuclear Power 2010

Current US Nuclear Electric Generation: 104 Reactors; 100 GWe; 20% of total

nuclear power 2010 initiative
Nuclear Power 2010 Initiative
  • Federal/private cost sharing
  • Early site permitting
  • Combined construction/operating license (COL)
  • COL application expected 2007-2008
  • Construction expected to begin in 2010 following NRC issuance of COL

2006 budget appropriation: $65.3 million

2007 budget request: $54.0 million

next generation nuclear plant ngnp
Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP)
  • Very high temperature reactor
  • Electricity and/or industrial heat applications
  • New $8 million contract with industry
  • National laboratories working on technology gaps
nuclear hydrogen initiative
Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative
  • Part of a larger hydrogen program
  • Investigating 2 high temperature approaches
    • Thermo-chemical water cracking
    • Steam electrolysis
  • Budget
    • 2006 appropriation: $24.8M
    • 2007 request: $18.7M
generation iv
Generation-IV
  • Generation-IV International Forum (GIF) coordinates international research cooperation on advanced nuclear reactors
    • Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Euratom, France, Japan, South Africa, South Korea, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States
    • China and Russia to join this year
  • US emphasis has been on the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) and fast reactors
advanced fuel cycle initiative
Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative
  • Advanced aqueous separations
  • Advanced pyroprocess methods
  • Advanced fuels for transmutation
  • Focus on improving repository performance
  • Implement advanced safeguards in process and facility design
  • Budget:
    • 2006 Appropriation: $79.2 million
    • 2007 Request: $243.0 million
yucca mountain repository
Yucca Mountain Repository
  • License submittal 2008
  • Opening ~ 2017
  • DOE paying some utilities for fuel storage
  • “Adaptive Staging” recommended by National Research Council in 2003
  • Pending legislation
senator domenici s yucca mountain bill
Senator Domenici’s Yucca Mountain Bill
  • Authorizes DOE to withdraw 147,000 acres of federally owned property
  • Replaces arbitrary 70,000 ton capacity with scientifically based capacity
  • Authorizes infrastructure construction after EIS
  • Gives DOE authority to accept and store SNF
    • Starts with defense waste and fuel
    • After construction permit, legacy civilian fuel
  • Withdraws land for rail line
  • Changes “standard contract” to 25 years after start of operation of new nuclear plants
domenici s bill continued
Domenici’s bill, continued
  • Takes Waste Fund off budget
  • Requires NRC to accept legislation as satisfying waste confidence for new plant construction
  • Basically the bill would integrate DOE’s programs
    • High level waste program
    • Advanced nuclear energy program
    • Incorporate some recommendations from the National Research Council’s staging report
global nuclear energy partnership gnep
Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)

The US blueprint for nuclear sustainability

Source: www.gnep.energy.gov

safeguards
Safeguards

Transparency

  • Incorporate into design of new facilities
  • Remote, automated intelligent systems
  • Materials tracking and process control
  • Remote sensing, environmental sampling and forensic verification
  • International tests and demonstrations
  • Continued support for global best practices in security and materials accounting
reliable fuel services
Reliable fuel services
  • Limit sensitive technologies
    • Enrichment
    • Reprocessing
  • Must integrate into existing commercial uranium market
  • 17.4 tons HEU pledged by US
  • $50 million pledged by NTI/Warren Buffet
  • Excellent forum during IAEA General Conference
    • http://www.iaea.org/About/Policy/GC/GC50/SideEvent/report220906.pdf
appropriately sized reactors
Appropriately sized reactors
  • 50-350 MWe sized for grid
  • Long fuel life; infrequent reloading
  • Passive safety systems
  • Electricity, district heating, potable water
  • IAEA safeguards
  • Physical protection from terrorism
  • R&D needed
proliferation resistant recycle
Proliferation resistant recycle
  • UREX+ and Pyroprocessing
  • Remote fuel fabrication
  • Integrated safeguards
minimized nuclear waste
Minimized nuclear waste
  • Employ advanced recycle
  • Custom waste forms
  • Manage heat load
  • Manage radiotoxicity
advanced burner reactor
Advanced Burner Reactor
  • Sodium cooled
  • Fast neutron spectrum
  • Transmutation
  • Naturally safe
gnep technology demonstrations
GNEP Technology Demonstrations
  • Advanced Burner Reactor
  • Advanced Fuel Cycle Facility
  • Advanced modeling and simulation

and industrial application

  • Consolidated fuel treatment center
trends in nuclear engineering enrollment

Undergraduate

Student

Enrollment

Trends in nuclear engineering enrollment

1,831

DOE Investment

($ in Millions)

Number of Students

HBCU/HSI

Student

Enrollment

DOE

Investment

70

US DOE August 2006

slide25

US Nuclear Initiatives

Aimed at nuclear expansion

American Nuclear Society

Thank you!

7671-9/06-25

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