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第八章第五讲 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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?. 第二篇 实物的运动规律 第八章 相对论. 第八章第五讲. 本章共 5 讲. 爱因斯坦为什么要创立广义相对论?. 1. 狭义相对论只适用于惯性系,即惯性系比非惯性系“优越”,所反映的自然规律的对称性不完善。. 2. 狭义相对论的洛仑兹变换不能保持引力形式不变,即狭义相对论不能包容万有引力定律。. §8.5 广义相对论简介(了解). 爱因斯坦的目标: 实现非惯性系与惯性系的平权 改造引力理论,(建立 时空与物质的关联). 1. 广义相对性原理. 物理定律在一切参考系(惯性系、非惯性系)中数学形式相同。. 一 . 广义相对论基本原理. 意义:

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第八章第五讲

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