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Ernest Rutherford(30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937)
A New Zealand-British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics.
He coined the terms alpha ray and beta ray in 1899 to describe the two distinct types of radiation emitted by thorium and uranium.
From 1900 to 1903 Ernest Ritherford and Frederick Soddy collaborated on research into the transmutation of elements.
In 1903, Rutherford realised that a type of radiation from radium discovered (but not named) by French chemist Paul Villard in 1900
In Manchester he continued to work with alpha radiation.
In late 1907 Ernest Rutherford and Thomas Royds allowed alphas to penetrate a very thin window into an evacuated tube.
Items named in honour of Rutherford's life and work
The element rutherfordium, Rf, Z=104. (1997)
Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, a scientific research laboratory near Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK.
Rutherford College, a school in Auckland, New Zealand
Rutherford College, a college at the University of Kent in Canterbury, UK
the Rutherford Institute for Innovation at the University of Cambridge, UK
Rutherford Intermediate School, Wanganui, New Zealand
Rutherford Hall, a hall of residence at Loughborough University
Rutherford Medal, the highest science medal awarded by the Royal Society of New Zealand, New Zealand.
The Rutherford Award at Thomas Carr College for excellence in VCE Chemistry, Australia.
The Rutherford Memorial Medal is an award for research in the fields of physics and chemistry by the Royal Society of Canada.
The Rutherford Medal and Prize is awarded once every two years by the Institute of Physics for "distinguished research in nuclear physics or nuclear technology."
The Rutherford Memorial Lecture is an international lecture tour under the auspices of the Royal Society created under the Rutherford Memorial Scheme in 1952.
Rutherford building at Bedford Modern School.
a building of the modern Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge, UK
The Ernest Rutherford Physics Building at McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Rutherford House, the primary building of Victoria University of Wellington's Pipitea Campus, originally the headquarters of the New Zealand Electricity Department, in Wellington, New Zealand.
the physics and chemistry building at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand
The Coupland Building at the University of Manchester where Rutherford worked was renamed The Rutherford Building in 2006.
The Rutherford lecture theatre in the Schuster Laboratory at the University of Manchester
Rutherford Close, a residential street in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK.
Lord Rutherford Road in Brightwater, New Zealand (near his birthplace)
Rutherford Road in the biotech district of Carlsbad, California, USA.
Rutherford Street in Nelson, New Zealand.
Rutherford House, at Rotorua Intermediate School, Rotorua, New Zealand
The Rutherford Memorial at Brightwater, New Zealand
The crater Rutherford on the Moon, and the crater Rutherford on Mars
Image on the obverse of the New Zealand $100 note (since 1992).
Rutherford was the subject of a play by Stuart Hoar.
On the side of the Mond Laboratory on the site of the original Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, there is an engraving in Rutherford's memory in the form of a crocodile, this being the nickname given to him by its commissioner, his colleague Peter Kapitza. The initials of the engraver, Eric Gill, are visible within the mouth.
The Rutherford Foundation, a charitable trust set up by the Royal Society of New Zealand to support research in science and technology.