Ernest rutherford 30 august 1871 19 october 1937
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Ernest Rutherford

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Ernest rutherford 30 august 1871 19 october 1937

Ernest Rutherford(30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937)

A New Zealand-British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics.


Scientific research

Scientific research

  • He coined the terms alpha ray and beta ray in 1899 to describe the two distinct types of radiation emitted by thorium and uranium.

  • From 1900 to 1903 Ernest Ritherford and Frederick Soddy collaborated on research into the transmutation of elements.


Scientific research1

Scientific research

  • In 1903, Rutherford realised that a type of radiation from radium discovered (but not named) by French chemist Paul Villard in 1900

  • In Manchester he continued to work with alpha radiation.

  • In late 1907 Ernest Rutherford and Thomas Royds allowed alphas to penetrate a very thin window into an evacuated tube.


Items named in honour of rutherford s life and work

Items named in honour of Rutherford's life and work

  • The element rutherfordium, Rf, Z=104. (1997)


Institutions

Institutions

  • Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, a scientific research laboratory near Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK.

  • Rutherford College, a school in Auckland, New Zealand

  • Rutherford College, a college at the University of Kent in Canterbury, UK

  • the Rutherford Institute for Innovation at the University of Cambridge, UK

  • Rutherford Intermediate School, Wanganui, New Zealand

  • Rutherford Hall, a hall of residence at Loughborough University


Awards

Awards

  • Rutherford Medal, the highest science medal awarded by the Royal Society of New Zealand, New Zealand.

  • The Rutherford Award at Thomas Carr College for excellence in VCE Chemistry, Australia.

  • The Rutherford Memorial Medal is an award for research in the fields of physics and chemistry by the Royal Society of Canada.

  • The Rutherford Medal and Prize is awarded once every two years by the Institute of Physics for "distinguished research in nuclear physics or nuclear technology."

  • The Rutherford Memorial Lecture is an international lecture tour under the auspices of the Royal Society created under the Rutherford Memorial Scheme in 1952.


Buildings

Buildings

  • Rutherford building at Bedford Modern School.

  • a building of the modern Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge, UK

  • The Ernest Rutherford Physics Building at McGill University, Montreal, Canada[14]

  • Rutherford House, the primary building of Victoria University of Wellington's Pipitea Campus, originally the headquarters of the New Zealand Electricity Department, in Wellington, New Zealand.

  • the physics and chemistry building at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand

  • The Coupland Building at the University of Manchester where Rutherford worked was renamed The Rutherford Building in 2006.

  • The Rutherford lecture theatre in the Schuster Laboratory at the University of Manchester


Major streets

Major streets

  • Rutherford Close, a residential street in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK.

  • Lord Rutherford Road in Brightwater, New Zealand (near his birthplace)

  • Rutherford Road in the biotech district of Carlsbad, California, USA.

  • Rutherford Street in Nelson, New Zealand.


Other

Other

  • Rutherford House, at Rotorua Intermediate School, Rotorua, New Zealand

  • The Rutherford Memorial at Brightwater, New Zealand

  • The crater Rutherford on the Moon, and the crater Rutherford on Mars

  • Image on the obverse of the New Zealand $100 note (since 1992).

  • Rutherford was the subject of a play by Stuart Hoar.

  • On the side of the Mond Laboratory on the site of the original Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, there is an engraving in Rutherford's memory in the form of a crocodile, this being the nickname given to him by its commissioner, his colleague Peter Kapitza. The initials of the engraver, Eric Gill, are visible within the mouth.

  • The Rutherford Foundation, a charitable trust set up by the Royal Society of New Zealand to support research in science and technology.


The end

THE END


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