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Provisionally Certified Teachers In-Service Program August 3 & 4, 2004 Utah State Office of Education ASTE Department, Utah State University. Why do we test?. One View … “To determine whether or not the students have mastered the objectives” Another View …

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Provisionally Certified Teachers In-Service ProgramAugust 3 & 4, 2004Utah State Office of EducationASTE Department, Utah State University

why do we test

Why do we test?

One View …

“To determine whether or not the students have mastered the objectives”

Another View …

“To help the student by diagnosing academic weaknesses”

measurement evaluation
Measurement & Evaluation
  • Measurement – The systematic assignment of numbers (or names) to attributes
      • 98 degrees, 99 on a test, 25’ tree, 90 yrs old… 90 lbs
  • Evaluation – The application of judgement concerning the results of measurement
      • Hot, An A+ is Super, Tall, Slender
  • Assessment – The process of collecting, interpreting, and synthesizing information to aid in decision making
      • M + E = A
      • Keep the kids inside, Passing, The tree has matured, He needs more CH2O
kinds of evaluations
Kinds of Evaluations
  • Formative
    • Conducted as the unit is being taught
    • Useful as feedback
    • Monitors progress
    • Discussion questions, homework
  • Summative
    • Conducted at the end of a unit
    • Useful for assessment
    • Final Exams
kinds of evaluations1
Kinds of Evaluations
  • Diagnostic
    • Helps evaluate student problems or concerns
    • Can be formative and/or summative
  • Placement
    • Used to determine if a student has appropriate skills/knowledge to participate in a group
    • Entrance exams
crt vs nrt
CRT vs. NRT
  • Criterion Referenced Testing – Testing to determine how a person mastered well-identified content
  • Used for …
    • Measuring performance & assigning grades
    • Diagnostic purposes
    • Motivation
    • Influencing study habits
    • Improving classroom effectiveness
crt vs nrt1
CRT vs. NRT
  • Norm Referenced Testing – Testing to determine how a person performed in comparison with that of a group
  • Used for …
    • College placement
    • Competition comparisons
    • Comparing apples & oranges (countries, states, school districts)
characteristics of a good test
Characteristics of a Good Test
  • The test is valid
    • Does the test measure what it is being used to measure?
  • The test is reliable
    • Are scores consistent?
  • The test is constructed to facilitate ease of taking and scoring
  • The test is of an appropriate length
authentic assessment
Authentic Assessment
  • An authentic assessment usually includes a task for students to perform and a rubric by which their performance on the task will be evaluated.
  • Product-like
  • Performance-like
authentic assessment1
Authentic Assessment
  • Product-like
    • Short-answer & essay questions
    • Show your work
    • Journal response
  • Performance-like
    • Typing test
    • Complete a step of science lab
    • On demand, construct a short musical, dance or dramatic response
    • On demand, exhibit an athletic skill
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