How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry
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How to Recruit, Retain, and Train Employees in the Outdoor Power Equipment Distributor Industry?

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How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

  • To insert your company logo on this slide

  • From the Insert Menu

  • Select “Picture”

  • Locate your logo file

  • Click OK

  • To resize the logo

  • Click anywhere inside the logo. The boxes that appear outside the logo are known as “resize handles.”

  • Use these to resize the object.

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How to Recruit, Retain, and Train Employees in the Outdoor Power Equipment Distributor Industry?

Dr. Hokey Min

.

UPS Center for World Wide Supply Chain Management

University Of Louisville


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Why Matters?

  • 52% of the U.S. Companies reported that their employee turnover is increasing (Wilson, 2000)

  • One in 10 (17 million) U.S. workers were quitters in 1994, while one in 7 (6 million) quitted in 1999.

  • Cost of turnovers = 93% to 200% of the quitter’s salary (Cascio, 2000)

  • Lost time => lost productivity => lost efficiency => “Hurt Bottom Line”


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Why Matters?

  • There is 58% more absenteeism in departments when employees are dissatisfied than in those where staff morale is high.

  • Sales people are the least committed to a company (38% plan to leave in 2 years), followed by IT workers (31%), hourly employees (28%), professionals (25%), and managers (11%).

  • Lack of career development opportunities and dissatisfaction with the leadership – not low pay – were the most likely reasons for all workers to contemplate leaving their jobs. (The Hay Group, 2001?)


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

The Extent Of the Impact Of Warehouse Employee Shortages

1 = largest impact; 7 = no impact


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Potential Turnover Cause

  • Geographic factor: Job too far; Job relocation

  • Personal reasons

  • Marriage

  • Other employment opportunity: better pay elsewhere; increase of pay in other industries

  • Unsatisfied work hours

  • Conflict with management

  • To stay home

  • To attend schools


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Turnover Cost Formula

  • For a manager or professional, the estimated replacement cost is “1.5  the annual salary”

  • For a frontline person, the estimated cost is 25% to 75% of the annual salary

  • 80% of the turnover cost is hidden (e.g., 13.5 months to achieve the productivity of a mature, accomplished performer)

  • -- Performance differential and low morale

  • (adapted from Hense Bennett of GLI)


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Simple Turnover Cost Formula

  • Annual wage = employee’s annual salary  25%

  • Annual benefits = employee’s annual salary 30%

  • Total turnover cost per employee = Annual wage + annual benefits

  • Total number of employees who left

  • Total cost of turnover = total turnover cost per employee  total number of employees left

  • (adapted from Saratoga Institute and Kepner-Tregoe, Inc.)


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Cost Of Employee Turnover

  • EXIT COSTS

    • Cost of exit interview

    • Cost of existing employee’s time

    • Cost of administrative functions related to turnover

    • Separation pay

    • Increase in unemployment tax

  • Source: H. Bennett of GLI


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Cost Of Employee Turnover

(Continued…)

  • REPLACEMENT COSTS

    • Pre-employment administrative expenses

    • Cost of attracting applicants (Job advertisements)

    • Cost of entrance interviews

    • Testing costs

    • Staff costs (review of candidates)

    • Travel and moving expenses

    • Post-employment information gathering and dissemination

    • Cost of post-employment medical exams

  • Source: H. Bennett of GLI


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Cost Of Employee Turnover

(Continued…)

  • MANPOWER COSTS

    • Cost of additional overtime

    • Cost of additional temporary help

    • Wages and benefits saved due to vacancy

  • Source: H. Bennett of GLI


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Cost Of Employee Turnover

(Continued…)

  • TRAINING/EFFICIENCY COSTS

    • Cost of informational literature

    • Formal training costs (e.g., compensation of trainers)

    • OJT (On the Job Training) costs

    • Productivity inefficiency during training

  • PERFORMANCE DIFFERENTIAL

    • Differential in performance costs/benefits

  • Source: H. Bennett of GLI


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Annual Turnover Rate


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Why Warehouse Employee Shortage?

  • 1. Rapid Growth of the 3PL Markets

  • (a) A gradual increase in industrial warehouse space

  • (e.g., total industrial warehouse space in the U.S. =

  • 6.5 million square feet in 2000)

  • (b) Increasing demand for value-added services

    • ~ Increased skill level (multi-functional skill requirements) ~ (e.g., average annual turnover of 20% in the warehouse industry > median employee turnover in the U.S. of 8.4%)


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Expectation of demand for entry-level employees in the future


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Satisfaction with current quality of entry-level employee


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Why Warehouse Employee Shortage?(Continued...)

2. Declining Labor Pool

(a) A slow growth rate in U.S. labor force

Source:US Bureau of Labor Statistics

(b) Lack of interest in less “glamorous” jobs


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Time required to find the right warehouse employee


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Why Warehouse Employee Shortage?(Continued...)

  • 3. Poor Working Conditions

  • Demanding working hours and Higher rate of

    • work-related injuries

Source:US Bureau of Labor Statistics (1998)

(b) Non-competitive pay scale

(e.g., $11.16/hour for public warehousing vs. $12.77 for all private industry)


Obstacles to effective warehouse employee recruitment and retention

Obstacles To Effective Warehouse Employee Recruitment and Retention

1 = extremely serious; 7 = not at all serious

Work ethic

Tight Labor market

Lack of qualified labor

Loyalty

Rising pay and compensation

Increased skill requirement

Irregular working hours

Lack of job incentives

Lack of training program

Seasonality of jobs

Location of facility


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Key Findings

  • Warehouses with a larger number of full-time employees tend to have the higher turnover than those with a smaller number of full-time employees.

  • Mega-warehouses tend to have the higher turnover than warehouses with smaller square footage of space.

  • The severity of warehouse employee turnover has little to do with the starting salary of warehouse employees.


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Key Facts

  • Turnover is likely to be higher in rapidly growing firms.

  • Bureaucracy or autocracy increased turnover. (Barron et al., 2001)

  • Turnover is caused primarily by poor supervision, a poor work environment, and inadequate compensation. (Hinkin and Tracey, 2000)


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Key Findings (continued…)

  • Warehouses that stress job security for their employees tend to have the lower turnover than those that do not.

  • Warehouses that nurture family friendly atmosphere for their employees tend to have the lower turnover than those that do not.


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Key Facts

  • Pay satisfaction is not significantly associated with turnover.

  • Household main-income earners would be less likely to exhibit turnover behavior.

  • Part-time employees still may leave the organization despite being satisfied with working conditions and jobs. (McBey and Karakowski, 2001)


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Key Findings (continued…)

6.Warehouses that use a referral bonus program more frequently for their employee recruitment tend to have the lower turnover than those that use it less frequently.

7.Warehouses that use a word-of-mouth recruitment method more frequently for their employee recruitment tend to have the lower turnover than those that use it less frequently.


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Key Facts

  • Rehires, walk-ins, and referred employees had lower turnover than the ones drawn from hiring agencies and newspaper ads. (Gannon, 1971)

  • Employees hired via referrals tended to have long tenure and recruits hired via newspaper ads and employee agencies tended to have the shortest tenure. (Decker and Cornelius, 1979)


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Frequency of Use of Warehouse Employee Recruitment Methods

Word-of- mouth through employees

Assistance from local employment agency

Advertising in newspapers

Referral bonus program

Advertisement in professional magazines

1 = frequently used; 7 = rarely used


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Potential Solutions

  • 1. Employee = “Internal Customer”

  • (a) Personalized attention

    • Determine What motivates each warehouse employee

    • Figure out What are important to each warehouse employee

    • Key immediate supervisors into their workers

  • (b) Reward managers/directors for their people

  • management skills


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Potential Solutions (Continued...)

  • 2. “Hire Tough, Manage Easy”

  • Realistic job previews: Identification of “dedicated”

  • workers (Recognition/Reward for work ethic)

  • (b) Target “non-traditional” recruits

    • The labor force with an age group of 45-64 will grow faster than other groups over the 1998-2008 period.

    • The women’s share of the labor force will increase from 46% in 1998 to 48% in 2008.

    • The Asian and Hispanic labor forces are projected to grow faster than other groups, 40% and 37%, respectively during the 1998-2008 period.

(c) Ensure job security

(d) Multi-functional training for value-added services


What is a realistic job preview rjp

What is a Realistic Job Preview (RJP) ?

RJP gives a prospective employee accurate, unbiased and honest information about the job so he/she can make a better job choice and reduce subsequent dissatisfaction and turnover.


What is a realistic job preview rjp continued

What is a Realistic Job Preview (RJP) ? (Continued…)

  • Main Objectives

  • Stimulate “self-selection” among job applicants who are most likely to withdraw

  • Change the expectations of new employees to be more congruent with what they encounter later

  • Prepare individuals to cope with the unpleasant aspects of the job

  • Provide more complete information about the job

  • (Reilly et. al , 1981)


Four key issues

Four Key Issues…

  • How to present the negative aspects of the job?

  • When to present the negative aspects of the job?

  • How to clearly convey job descriptions to applicants instead of ambiguous terms open to individual interpretation?

  • How to lower job expectations for newcomers?


Rjp tips

RJP Tips

  • Present the positive aspects of the job first

  • Provide a moderate degree of negative information

  • (e.g., amount of time on the road, hours of work, physical working environments, boredom)

  • May show how current drivers deal with the negative aspects of the job and how the company will help them cope with such aspects

  • Provide RJP during recruitment, not during orientation


Rjp tips continued

RJP Tips (Continued…)

  • Install RJP as a component of the company’s normal recruitment process (“Make it policy”)

  • Use multimedia (e.g., brochures, audio-visual methods, descriptive materials) for RJP (“Talk is cheap”)

  • Provide specific information on starting salaries, fringe benefits, hours of work, hours on the road, career advancement opportunities, degree of supervision, etc.


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Potential Solutions (Continued...)

  • 3. Minimize “Role Stress”

  • Assign tasks to your employees with adequate equipment and resources

  • (b) Clarify the criteria for pay raises and promotions

  • (c) Ensure clear policies and guidelines

  • (d) Switch schedules to accommodate employee’s family duties

  • (e) Permit personal phone calls to check on family members


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Potential Solutions (Continued...)

  • 4. Motivate Employees through Training

  • Offer cross-training opportunities that lead to career development and personal growth

  • (b) Train both supervisors and floor-level workers immediately when new technology (e.g., RFID) or systems (e.g., WMS) are implemented.

  • (c) Adopt standards and methods derived by employees to enhance employee participation in the decision-making process.


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Potential Solutions (Continued...)

  • 5. Conduct “Thorough” Background Checks

  • Perform a criminal check.

  • Check the visa status for foreign nationals.

  • (c) Check into academic claims (as many as one third of claimed college degrees are false).

  • (d) Do not skip background checks at the executive or manager level (Beware of white-collar crime).


How to recruit retain and train employees in the outdoor power equipment distributor industry

Potential Solutions (Continued...)

  • 6. Leverage Labor Standards to Increase Productivity

  • Guesstimates: An educated guess at how long it takes to do a particular job.

  • Historical standards: A measure of how long it has taken in the past to perform a particular task.

  • (c)Engineering standards:a scientific measure of how long it should take to do the job with the goal of discovering the way to do the job with the least amount of effort in the least amount of time without compromising safety or quality.


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