A war between the states
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 22

A War Between The States PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 77 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

A War Between The States. The American Civil War: April 12, 1861 – April 9, 1865 (last shots fired, June 22, 1865). The Two Sides. The United States of America nickname: The Union, The North president: Abraham Lincoln v p: Hannibal Hamlin Andrew Johnson.

Download Presentation

A War Between The States

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


A war between the states

A War Between The States

The American Civil War:

April 12, 1861 – April 9, 1865

(last shots fired, June 22, 1865)


The two sides

The Two Sides

  • The United States of America

    • nickname: The Union, The North

    • president: Abraham Lincoln

      • vp: Hannibal Hamlin

        Andrew Johnson

  • The Confederate States of America

    • nickname: The Confederacy, The South

    • president: Jefferson Davis

      • vp: Alexander Stephens


Confederate states of america

Confederate States Of America

  • Florida

  • Virginia

  • Texas

  • North Carolina

  • South Carolina

  • Tennessee

  • Louisiana

  • Georgia

  • Alabama

  • Mississippi

  • Arkansas


Union states

Union States


Union states continued

Union States (continued)

  • California

  • Connecticut

  • Illinois

  • Indiana

  • Iowa

  • Kansas

  • Maine

  • Massachusetts

  • Michigan

  • Minnesota

  • Nevada

  • New Hampshire

  • New York

  • New Jersey

  • Ohio

  • Oregon

  • Pennsylvania

  • Rhode Island

  • Vermont


Border states

Border States

  • Missouri

  • Kentucky

  • West Virginia

  • Maryland

  • Delaware


Confederate alliances

Confederate Alliances

  • England

    • The English helped the CSA by providing supplies and weapons for an economically based reason:

      • The confederates provided the Bahamas (an English colony) and England with cotton and other crops that England needed and the British government decided that having a split America was beneficial. So they supported the CSA.


Weapons

Napoleon Cannon

12 lbs. shot

Weapons

Gatling Gun

Predecessor of the Machine gun

4 man crew

Howitzer Cannon

12, 24, 32 lbs. shot

Range: 250-1700 yds.

Bayonet

Muzzleloader

2-3 shots per minute

Range: 100-400 yds.

Officer’s Sword

1860 Colt Army

Single action: 6 shot

Range: 75-100 yds.

1851 Colt Navy

Single action: 6 shot

Range: 75-100 yds.


Transportation

Transportation

  • Horse

    • Officers used horses while most soldiers walked

  • Wagon

  • Ship

    • Warships were iron clad. This marked the first time iron ships were used

      • U.S.S. Monitor, C.S.S. Merrimack

  • Railroad/Train

    • Many battles were fought over railroads such as: 1st battle of Manassas


Battle at fort sumter

Battle at Fort Sumter

  • April 12-13, 1861

  • Fort Sumter, Charleston, SC

  • Officers:

    • CSA: Brigadier General Beauregard

    • Union: Major Anderson


Fort sumter continued

Fort Sumter (continued)

  • Casualties

    • No human casualties

  • This battle was the first battle of what would become the American Civil War. The fact that the confederates ousted union troops showed that the country was pulling apart quickly and that the Confederate states were ready for war.


First battle of bull run m anassas

First Battle of Bull Run/Manassas

  • July 21,1861

  • Outside the city of Manassas, VA

  • Officers

    • Union: Brigadier General Irvin McDowell

    • CSA: Brigadier General Beauregard, Colonel Jackson


Bull run manassas continued

Bull Run/Manassas (continued)

  • Casualties

    • Union: 2,896

    • CSA: 1,982

    • This battle showed that instead of a 90 day war, as many northerners thought it would be, it would, in fact be very long lasting and would kill countless American men.


Gettysburg

Gettysburg

  • July 1-3, 1863

  • Gettysburg, PA and surrounding area

  • Officers

    • Union: Major General George Meade

    • CSA: General Robert E. Lee

  • Casualties

  • Union: 23,055

    • 3,155 killed

    • 14,531 injured

    • 5,369 captured/missing

  • CSA: 23,231

    • 4,708 killed

    • 12,693 wounded

    • 5,830 captured/missing

This battle marked a turn in the momentum of the war.

After this clash, the war began to turn in the Union’s favor.


Battle at chickamauga

Battle at Chickamauga

  • September 18-20, 1863

  • Catoosa County, TN

  • Officers:

    • Union: Major General William S. Rosecrans

    • CSA: General Braxton Bragg

  • Casualties

    • Union: 16,170

    • CSA: 18,454

      Even though the Confederates won the battle, Lincoln had time to replace Rosecrans with General Ulysses Grant who brought in reinforcements.


Second battle at fort fisher

Second Battle at Fort Fisher

  • January 13-15, 1865

  • Fort Fisher, NC (near the mouth of the Cape Fear River)

  • Officers

    • Union: Major General Alfred Terry; Rear Admiral David D. Porter

    • CSA: Major General W.H.C. Whiting; Robert F Hoke

  • Casualties

    • Union-1,338

    • CSA-583

      A Union victory successfully cut off the last open confederate port therefore stopping the CSA’s access to supplies.


Appomattox courthouse

Appomattox Courthouse

  • April 9, 1895

  • Appomattox, VA

  • Officers

    • Union: General Ulysses Grant

    • CSA: General Robert E. Lee

  • Casualties

    • Union:164

    • CSA: 500

      This battle was the last major battle, after this there were still minor skirmishes however with the surrender at Appomattox, the Confederate’s chances of a victory were pretty much done. So the battle of Appomattox Courthouse is widely considered the unofficial end of the Civil War.


My family

My Family

  • General Braxton Bragg, CSA

    • Commanded troops in battle of Battle of Shiloh, Battle of Perryville, Battle of Stones River, Tullahoma Campaign, Battle of Chickamauga, Battles for Chattanooga, Second Battle of Fort Fisher, Battle of Bentonville, Battle at Wilmington

    • Great GreatGreatGreat Uncle

  • Haywood L. Peterson, CSA

    • Died in Union Prison Camp in Elmira, NY, age 21

    • Great Great Great Uncle

  • Thomas Bragg

    • Attorney General of the Confederate States of America

    • Great GreatGreatGreat Uncle

  • Thomas Aaron Peterson, CSA

    • Killed on Jan. 15, 1865 at Fort Fisher, age 24

    • Great Great Great Uncle


End of the war

End of the war

  • While the end of the war is considered the Battle at Appomattox Courthouse, the last shots were fired across the continent.

  • June 22, 1865

  • In the waters off the coast of what is now Washington or Alaska

  • Captain James Waddell of the CSS Shenandoah, led an attack on Union Ships in the Pacific Northwest, not knowing of the CSA’s collapse 2 months earlier.

  • His surrender marked the official end of the Civil War.


How did the civil w ar affect america s future

How did the Civil War affect America’s future?

  • Eliminated sectionalism

  • Ended slavery

  • Showed that we are stronger as a whole instead of different fragments


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • http://badgleypublishingcompany.com/images/Civil_War_Flags_trans_copy.gif

  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/be/Jefferson_Davis.jpg/415px-Jefferson_Davis.jpg

  • http://www.legendsofamerica.com/photos-americanhistory/ConfederateStates.png

  • http://www.awesomestories.com/assets/map-depicting-border-states-us-civil-war

  • http://community.curtislibrary.com/pejepscot/catalog.htm

  • http://civilwarwiki.net/wiki/12_pdr._Howitzer

  • : http://www.cherrys.com/ped_rif2.htm


  • Login