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The Stasi. Schild und Schirm der Partei. The Stasi in Numbers. Nazi Germany : 1 Gestapo agent for every 2000 people GDR : 1 Stasi agent for every 63 people In 1989 : 91 000 Full-time employees 173 000 Unofficial Informants ( Inoffizielle Mitarbeiter ). Reasons for Growth.

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The Stasi

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The Stasi

Schild und Schirm der Partei


The Stasi in Numbers

  • Nazi Germany : 1 Gestapo agent for every 2000 people

  • GDR : 1 Stasi agent for every 63 people

  • In 1989 :

  • 91 000 Full-time employees

  • 173 000 Unofficial Informants (InoffizielleMitarbeiter)


Reasons for Growth

The Stasi incentivised people to collaborate through many ways

  • Personal Gain : Financial, Professional, Family, Friends…

  • Communist Ideologies, Fight against Western influence

  • Culture of denunciation from Nazi Germany

  • But mostly :

  • Blackmailing and coercion


Methods of the Stasi

  • Constant Surveillance

  • Interception of all Mail and Communication

  • Isolation, Sleep-deprivation, torture

Zersetzung (corrosion)


Infiltration in the FRG

  • Stasi infiltration in the West was an overwhelming success :

  • MAD (MilitarischeAbschirmdienst)

  • GehlenOrganisation

  • BundesamtfürVerfassungsschutz

  • “Since the late 1960s the HVA (HauptverwaltungAufklärung) could monitor and thwart all relevant West German intelligence efforts on GDR territory.”


Stasi and SED

Sword and Shield of the Party

  • Physical and psychological torture to make population ‘malleable’

  • Bribing CDU parliamentarians

  • Infiltration of governmental instiutions

  • Assuring dominance of SED


West German Security Services and the Constitution

  • Three different institutions :

    • GehlenOrganisation (Sovereign in 1956, later to become BND)

    • MilitarischeAbschirmdienst (MAD)

    • BundesamtfürVerfassungsschutz (BfV)

  • Legacy of WWII and Gestapo

  • Separation of Police and Intelligence Services

  • Miscommunication with other Western Intelligence Services

  • Lack of Information


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