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The Stasi. Schild und Schirm der Partei. The Stasi in Numbers. Nazi Germany : 1 Gestapo agent for every 2000 people GDR : 1 Stasi agent for every 63 people In 1989 : 91 000 Full-time employees 173 000 Unofficial Informants ( Inoffizielle Mitarbeiter ). Reasons for Growth.

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The stasi

The Stasi

Schild und Schirm der Partei


The stasi in numbers
The Stasi in Numbers

  • Nazi Germany : 1 Gestapo agent for every 2000 people

  • GDR : 1 Stasi agent for every 63 people

  • In 1989 :

  • 91 000 Full-time employees

  • 173 000 Unofficial Informants (InoffizielleMitarbeiter)


Reasons for growth
Reasons for Growth

The Stasi incentivised people to collaborate through many ways

  • Personal Gain : Financial, Professional, Family, Friends…

  • Communist Ideologies, Fight against Western influence

  • Culture of denunciation from Nazi Germany

  • But mostly :

  • Blackmailing and coercion


Methods of the stasi
Methods of the Stasi

  • Constant Surveillance

  • Interception of all Mail and Communication

  • Isolation, Sleep-deprivation, torture

Zersetzung (corrosion)


Infiltration in the frg
Infiltration in the FRG

  • Stasi infiltration in the West was an overwhelming success :

  • MAD (MilitarischeAbschirmdienst)

  • GehlenOrganisation

  • BundesamtfürVerfassungsschutz

  • “Since the late 1960s the HVA (HauptverwaltungAufklärung) could monitor and thwart all relevant West German intelligence efforts on GDR territory.”


Stasi and sed
Stasi and SED

Sword and Shield of the Party

  • Physical and psychological torture to make population ‘malleable’

  • Bribing CDU parliamentarians

  • Infiltration of governmental instiutions

  • Assuring dominance of SED


West german security services and the constitution
West German Security Services and the Constitution

  • Three different institutions :

    • GehlenOrganisation (Sovereign in 1956, later to become BND)

    • MilitarischeAbschirmdienst (MAD)

    • BundesamtfürVerfassungsschutz (BfV)

  • Legacy of WWII and Gestapo

  • Separation of Police and Intelligence Services

  • Miscommunication with other Western Intelligence Services

  • Lack of Information