Chap. 16 – Animal Behavior. Objectives: 1) Know the difference between innate and learned behavior. 2) Understand the different ways an animal can learn behavior. 3) Understand the difference types of behavior adaptations. 4) Know the importance of hibernation.
This all comes down to behavior: the way an organism acts toward its environment
2) Learned Behavior: behavior that develops from experience or practice in life
IE – You have to learn to play piano…
Associated with animals with complex brains.
Why is learning so important?
Ability to learn gives animals a better chance of survival.
If they don’t learn survival techniques, what happens?
Five Behavioral Adaptations:
Some behaviors have to be adapted to ensure the survival of their species.
Why are territories important?
Need for food, shelter and potential mates
-Defending a territory is an instinctive behavior that improves the chance of survival
How do they defend their territory?
When a dog is eating and another dog approaches… reaction?
Hair stands up, growls and shows teeth
-Aggressionis a forceful act used to dominate or control another animal
IE - Birds… wings lower, feathers puff up, pecking motion
Animals seldom fight to the death… Why?
Fighting wastes energy… can hurt survival.
b) Sound Communication
5) Cyclic Behavior: innate behaviors that occur in a repeating pattern
a) Hibernation: cyclic response to cold temperatures and limited food supplies
b) Migration: instinctive seasonal movement of animals