Positive Behavioral Intervention and Support (PBIS) A New Way to Manage. By: Annie Schave and Emily Smith. Definition of PBIS.
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An approach designed to monitor and teach students more acceptable ways to behave through positive reinforcement. It is also teaches the children how to develop and maintain positive social relationships.
An interactive approach that includes opportunities to correct and improve outcomes on behavior, practices of strategies, data used to analyze progress and changes, and supports needed to implement the program.
Look at the situation and decide if it needs immediate or delayed intervention.
Manage surface behavior.
Consideration of groups, socialization needs, and individual characteristics
Examples: Planned ignoring, proximity control, signal interference, interest boosting, use of humor to help with tension, hurdle help, restructuring the classroom program, remove seductive objects, antiseptic bounce
Functional Behavior Assessment: The goal of a FBA is to determine the purpose behind the misbehavior. It is a problem solving process that uses several strategies and techniques to determine why misbehavior is occurring. It will help the IEP team find interventions that will positively affect the problem behavior.
Step 1: IEP team identifies and defines the problem behavior
Step 2: IEP team collects information by observing the student, interviewing the student, interviewing the teacher and then reviews the information.
Step 3: IEP team determines what is learned about the behavior and function/purpose of the behavior. Decide what to do next.
Step 4: Team finds and implements appropriate intervention through the data. If not intervention was determined, recollect data and analyze different information such as reevaluating the purpose of the behavior. In the end the team must work to complete a probable explanation of why the student is not behaving appropriately, test the hypothesis and develop a behavior intervention plan. This plan will include the interventions that will make the student successful.
Step 5: Evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions. To do this, have the teacher take informal observations on effectiveness of the interventions.