Romeo and juliet
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Romeo and Juliet. Literary Terms. Page One. Act- larger section of a play, made up by scenes Scene- smaller section of the play Playwright- a person who writes dramatic literature or drama Prologue- an opening to a story that establishes the setting and gives background information.

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Romeo and Juliet

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Romeo and juliet

Romeo and Juliet

Literary Terms

Page one

Page One

  • Act-larger section of a play, made up by scenes

  • Scene-smaller section of the play

  • Playwright-a person who writes dramatic literature or drama

  • Prologue-an opening to a story that establishes the setting and gives background information.

  • Stage directions- instructions that tell the cast who is on stage, where to stand, etc.

Page two


  • Protagonist-the main character

  • Antagonist-someone/something that provides conflict for the main character

  • Flat characters-a minor character in a work of fiction who does not undergo change or growth

  • Round characters-a character who undergoes change. They have many aspects to their personality.

Page three


  • Allusion: a reference to another literary work, time period, etc.

  • Analogy: comparison between things

  • Foreshadowing: a hint of what is to come

  • Oxymoron: a phrase in which two words of contradictory meaning are used together.

  • Personification: giving human qualities to non-human things.

  • Pun-a play on words

  • Symbolism-the use of symbols to invest things with a “deeper” meaning.

  • Theme-central idea to a text

Page four

Page four

  • Plot: the sequence of events in a play, novel, movie, etc.

  • Dramatic structure: the structure of a dramatic work such as a play or film

  • Exposition: Where our story begins

  • Rising action: events leading up to the point of highest intensity

  • Climax: the turning point or point of highest intensity

  • Falling action: events leading to the resolution

  • Resolution: the point in a work where the conflict is resolved

Page five


  • Setting: where the story takes place as determined by location, weather, time period

  • Comedy: a dramatic work that deals with a more uplifting and humorous theme

  • Tragedy: a dramatic work that deals with a more somber theme.

  • Tragic flaw: a trait of the tragic hero that leads to his/her downfall

  • Tragic hero: the hero of the piece, who has a trait that causes their own downfall

  • Motivation: the driving force behind a characters actions

Page six


  • Prose-a natural rhythm of speech

  • Verse- a more metrical way of writing

  • Blank verse-made up of lines of iambic pentameter, but they do not rhyme.

  • Shakespearean sonnet-14 lines of iambic pentameter using the following rhyme scheme: ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG

  • Iambic pentameter—5 lines of iambic meter. Iambs are what you call duple metered feet. (two syllables) and they rotate in pronunciation with unstressed/stressed syllable patterns:Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day

Page seven


  • Irony-contrast, between what the expectations of a situation are and what is really the case

  • Verbal irony-when a character says one thing, but means another

  • Situational irony-where the outcome of a situation is opposite of what you expected

  • Dramatic irony-when the audience members are aware of something that is unbeknownst to the characters on stage.

Page eight


  • Aside- a dramatic device in which a character speaks to the audience, but it is unheard by the other characters.

  • Soliloquy-a long speech delivered by one character who is alone on stage. This speech reveals the characters inner thoughts and desires.

  • Monologue-a long speech delivered by one character while other characters are present.

  • Chorus-a group of performers in plays who comment on the action of the play

  • Dramatic foil-a character who contrasts with another character in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.

  • Pun: play on words

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