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Pick up an Interactive Notebook packet and answer the “Processing” questions (#1-3) . Confronting the Issue of Slavery. Chapter 21 Section 2. Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Process for forming new states Unspoken agreement to keep free states and free states equal. Questions About Missouri.

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Pick up an interactive notebook packet and answer the processing questions 1 3

Pick up an Interactive Notebook packet and answer the “Processing” questions (#1-3)


Confronting the issue of slavery

Confronting the Issue of Slavery

Chapter 21

Section 2


Pick up an interactive notebook packet and answer the processing questions 1 3

  • Northwest Ordinance of 1787

  • Process for forming new states

  • Unspoken agreement to keep free states and free states equal


Questions about missouri

Questions About Missouri

  • Northerners questioned whether Missouri should be slave or free

  • Allowing Missouri to be entered as a slave state would open slavery to the Louisiana Territory and beyond

  • A northerner’s nightmare


The tallmadge amendment

The Tallmadge Amendment

  • Rep. James Tallmadge suggested that Missouri could only be entered as free

  • Sparked debate on states’ rights and slavery


A deadlocked congress

A Deadlocked Congress

  • North had more representatives in the House

  • Equal in the Senate

  • Southern senators able to block anti-slave laws

  • Missouri would change that


A deadlocked congress continued

A Deadlocked Congress (continued)

  • Tallmadge Amendment awakened strong anti-slavery feelings

  • Anti-Slavery petitions sent to Congress

  • House approved Tallmadge Amendment

  • Defeated in Senate


The missouri compromise

The Missouri compromise

Chapter 21

Section 3


The missouri compromise1

The Missouri Compromise

  • Congress returned to the debate in 1820

  • Maine was trying to achieve statehood as a free state

  • Southerners threatening secession and civil war


A compromise is reached

A Compromise is Reached

  • Compromise crafted by Rep. Henry Clay

  • Admitted Missouri as slave and Maine as free

  • Drew a line through the Louisiana Territory

    • North of the line = Future free states

    • South of the line = Future slave states


Reactions to the compromise

Reactions to the Compromise

  • Unpopular decision

  • Northerners viewed it as the easy way out

  • Southerners disliked the ban on slavery in future western states


The missouri compromise unravels

The Missouri Compromise Unravels

Chapter 21

Section 4


The gag rule

The “Gag Rule”

  • Abolitionist movement flooded Congress with petitions

  • Abolitionists wanted Congress to question slavery in the District of Columbia

  • Congress decided to set aside all anti-slavery petitions and “gag” all debate on the issue


The gag rule continued

The “Gag Rule” (continued)

  • John Quincy Adams proposed that no one could be born into slavery after 1845

  • Congress refused his proposal


Southern fears

Southern Fears

  • Nat Turner’s rebellion created fear in the south

  • Created stricter laws on transport of slaves

  • Reward for arresting abolitionists


Fugitive slaves

Fugitive Slaves


Slavery in the territories

Slavery in the Territories

  • Gag rule delayed the slavery debate for 10 years

  • Wilmot Proviso added to a bill requesting funds for Mexican-American War

  • “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist” in the territory acquired from Mexico


Slavery in the territories continued

Slavery in the Territories (continued)

  • Southerners opposed the Wilmot Proviso

  • Passed in the House

  • Rejected in Senate


Statehood for california

Statehood for California

  • Southerners proposed extending the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific

  • Rejected by Northerners

  • Applied for statehood in 1849 as a free state


Statehood for california continued

Statehood for California (continued)

  • California would upset the balance between slave and free states

  • Deadlocked Congress once again

  • South continued threats of secession


The compromise of 1850

The compromise of 1850

Chapter 21

Section 5


Something for everyone

Something for Everyone

  • Henry Clay’s plan

  • Admitted California

  • Allowed N. Mexico and Utah to decide on slavery

  • Ended slavery in D.C.


Something for everyone continued

Something for Everyone (continued)

  • Called for passing a strong fugitive slave act

  • Made it easier to find and reclaim runaway slaves


The compromise is accepted

The Compromise is Accepted

  • Congress debated Clay’s compromise for 9 months

  • Accepted in 1850 after heated discussion and threats of civil war


The compromise of 1850 fails

The Compromise of 1850 Fails

Chapter 21

Section 6


The fugitive slave act

The Fugitive Slave Act

  • Southerners did not do enough to ensure the success of the act

  • Northerners did not want to enforce the act

  • Denied all rights of captured slaves


The fugitive slave act continued

The Fugitive Slave Act (continued)

  • Jailed people who helped escaped slaves

  • Northerners ridiculed slave catchers

  • Almost impossible to catch slaves in the north


Uncle tom s cabin

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

  • Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe

  • First published as short stories in an abolitionist newspaper

  • Published in 1852 as a full novel


The ostend manifesto and the kansas nebraska act

The Ostend Manifesto and the Kansas-Nebraska Act

  • Ostend Manifesto was a message sent from three American diplomats to the Secretary of State

  • President Pierce was trying to purchase Cuba

  • The message called for the seizure of Cuba by force

  • Northerners believed Cuba was going to be a slave state


The ostend manifesto and the kansas nebraska act continued

The Ostend Manifesto and the Kansas-Nebraska Act (continued)

  • Wanted to build a railroad to California

  • Believed the project would happen if the Great Plains was organized into states


The ostend manifesto and the kansas nebraska act continued1

The Ostend Manifesto and the Kansas-Nebraska Act (continued)

  • Kansas and Nebraska Act

  • Created two new territories, Kansas and Nebraska (obviously)

  • Abolished the Missouri Compromise and allowed citizens of a territory to vote to allow slavery


Bloodshed in kansas

Bloodshed in Kansas

  • Most new settlers were peaceful farmers

  • Others came to support or oppose slavery

  • Two separate governments created


Bloodshed in kansas continued

Bloodshed in Kansas (continued)

  • On May 21, 1856, pro-slavery activists burned hotels, looted homes, destroyed printing presses

  • In response, John Brown and his sons killed five slave supporters with swords


Violence in congress

Violence in Congress

  • Senator Charles Sumner suspected Stephen Douglass had tried to make Kansas a slave state

  • Sumner described the “crimes against Kansas” as being in favor of slavery


Violence in congress continued

Violence in Congress (continued)

  • Sumner verbally attacked Senator Butler on his pro-slavery stance

  • Preston Brooks, Butler’s nephew beat Sumner with a metal tipped cane on the senate floor


Violence in congress continued1

Violence in Congress (continued)

  • Took Sumner over 3 years to recover

  • Southerners applauded Brooks

  • Sent him replacement canes


The dred scott decision

The Dred Scott Decision

Chapter 21

Section 7


The dred scott decision1

The Dred Scott Decision

  • Dred Scott was a slave who traveled to Wisconsin with his master

    • Slavery was banned in Wisconsin

  • Scott claimed that his stay in Wisconsin made him free


Questions of the case

Questions of the Case

  • 9 Supreme Court Justices total

    • 5 from the south

    • 4 from the north

  • Was Dred Scott a citizen?

  • Did his time in Wisconsin make him a free man?


Two judicial bombshells

Two Judicial Bombshells

  • Scott could not sue for his freedom because he was not a citizen

    • No African American could ever become a citizen

  • The Missouri compromise was unconstitutional


Two judicial bombshells1

Two Judicial Bombshells

  • The Dred Scott decision opened slavery to all territories

  • Protected “property rights” of slave owners

  • Outraged Northerners


From compromise to conflict

From Compromise To conflict

Chapter 21

Section 8


From compromise to crisis

From Compromise to Crisis

  • Republican Party forms with anti-slavery beliefs

  • Abraham Lincoln nominated to run for Senate as a Republican


The lincoln douglass debates

The Lincoln-Douglass Debates

  • Stephen Douglass believed in half free, half slave

  • Lincoln believed slavery was a moral issue

  • Lincoln lost the election but turned into a national figure


John brown s raid

John Brown’s Raid

  • Anti-slavery extremist

  • Wanted to capture guns and ammo to create slave revolts

  • Raided the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, VA


John brown s raid continued

John Brown’s Raid (continued)

  • All of Brown’s followers either captured or killed

  • Told followers: You "will never get out alive"

  • Many Northerners believed Brown was a hero


The election of 1860 and secession

The Election of 1860 and secession

Chapter 21

Section 9


The election of 1860 and secession1

The Election of 1860 and Secession

  • Republicans unite behind Lincoln

  • Democrats split between north and south

  • Constitutional Union Party forms


Abraham lincoln is elected president

Abraham Lincoln is Elected President

  • Division in parties allows Lincoln to be elected president

  • South now in the minority

  • Feared the abolishment of slavery


The south secedes from the union

The South Secedes from the Union

  • Lincoln would not interfere with slavery in the south

  • He would enforce the Fugitive Slave Act

  • He would not allow slavery to extend to the territories


The south secedes from the union1

The South Secedes from the Union

  • South Carolina is the first state to leave the United States

  • Six states follow

  • Formed the Confederate States of America February, 1861


The civil war begins

The Civil War Begins

  • Lincoln becomes president March 4th, 1861

  • Declares secession wrong and unconstitutional

  • Attack on Fort Sumter by the Confederates


The civil war begins1

The Civil War Begins

  • Fort Sumter surrendered after 33 hours

  • Wave of patriotism in the North

  • Showed that the South was not afraid of using force

  • Official beginning of the Civil War


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