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What We Hope You Learn by the End of this Presentation:

- What is a polygon?
- What are the different types of polygons?
- What is a congruent polygon?
- What is a similar polygon?
- What are some examples of these polygons?

A polygon is a plane having three or more sides.

Types of Polygons:

Convex polygon: all the sides are pushed outward.

Concave polygon: at least two sides are pushed inward.

Regular polygon: all the sides have the same length and their angles are all the same size.

Let\'s Play a Polygon Matching Game:

Take a minute to match the name up with the figure . . .

pentagon

triangle

octagon

quadrilateral

hexagon

heptagon

Congruent polygons are polygons that have the same size and the same shape.

fact:

Congruent shapes have all their sides and angles congruent.

fact:

Let\'s See Some Congruent Polygons:

Notice how the second figures have the same shape and size of the first – they match exactly.

Now we are going to take a look at similar polygons . . .

Let\'s find some examples outdoors.

Can you find the similar matches?

Now, Let\'s Think about Similar in Mathematics!!

Can you find similar polygons?

Same shape

(1) Triangle

(2) Rectangle

Different size

(3) Pentagon

Angle does not change

(4) Hexagon

Reduction

(5) Octagon

Enlargement

Now, let’s define similar !!

Definition:

Figures that have exactly same shape are called similar figures.

Properties:

(1) In polygons, the size of angles does not change.

(2) One figure is an enlargement or reduction of the other.

(3) Congruent figures are similar because they gave the same shape.

How can we know the length of sides in similar figures?

If two figures are similar, one figure is an enlargement of the other. The size-change factor tells the amount of enlargement or reduction.

Example 1: If a copy machine is used to copy a drawing or picture, the copy will be similar to the original.

Original Copy

Exact Copy

Copy machine set to 100%

Size-change factor is

Original Copy

Enlargement

Copy machine is set to 200%

Size-change factor is

Original Copy

Reduction

Copy machine is set to 50%

Size-change factor is

1X

2X

Example 2: The triangles CAT and DOG are similar. The larger triangle is an enlargement of the smaller triangle. How long is side GO?

T

G

2 cm

? cm

1.5 cm

A

3 cm

O

3 cm

C

6 cm

D

Each side and its enlargement form a pair of sides called corresponding sides.

GD

(1) Corresponding side of TC -->

DO

(2) Corresponding side of CA-->

The size-change factor is

2x.

(3) Corresponding side of TA-->

GO

? cm

T

2 cm

3 cm

O

1.5 cm

A

6 cm

3 cm

C

D

(1) Each side in the larger triangle is twice the size of the corresponding side in the smaller triangle.

(2) Now, let’s find the length of side GO

i) What side is corresponding side of GO?

TA

ii) What is the size-change factor?

2X

iii) Therefore, GO= size-change factor x TA

iv) So, GO=

2 x 2 = 4 cm

What we just learned about similar polygons ?

Not change angle

Different size

Same shape

Similar polygons

Corresponding side

Size-change factor

Example 1: Quadrangles ABCD and EFGH are similar.

How long is side AD? How long is side GH?

12÷4= 3 & 18÷6=3

What is size-change factor?

What is corresponding side of AD ?

How long is side AD?

What is corresponding side of GH?

How long is side GH?

EH

AD = 5

CD

7 x 3 = GH, GH = 21

Example 2 : Figure MORE is similar to Figure SALT. Select the right answer with the one of the given values below.

(1) The length of segment TL.

a. 6 cm b. 6.5 cm c. 7 cm d. 7.5 cm

(2) ERcorresponds to this segment.

a. TS b. TL c. AL d. SA

(3) EMcorresponds to this segment.

a. TS b. TL c. SA d. AL

(4) The length of segment MO.

a. 6 cm b. 6.5 cm c. 7 cm d. 7.5 cm

Let\'s Go Over What We Just Learned:

What is a polygon?

A polygon is a plane having three or more sides.

What are congruent polygons?

congruent

congruent

Congruent polygons are polygons that have the same size and the same shape.

What are similar polygons?

similar

similar

Similar polygons are polygons that have the same shape.

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