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Understanding Poverty: as it relates to keeping students connected to their school. As presented for: Teaching and Working in a Diverse World: The Impact of Poverty October 22, 2009 University of Maine Farmington Debrajean Scheibel, Educational Consultant, Maine Department of Education.

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understanding poverty as it relates to keeping students connected to their school
Understanding Poverty:as it relates to keeping students connected to their school

As presented for:

Teaching and Working in a Diverse World: The Impact of Poverty

October 22, 2009

University of Maine

Farmington

Debrajean Scheibel, Educational Consultant, Maine Department of Education

slide2
Using the studies and related works of

Dr. Ruby Payne’s

Understanding the Framework of Poverty and

Building Bridges Out of Poverty

workshop objective
Workshop Objective
  • Develop a personal and professional awareness of poverty through Dr. Ruby Payne’s “Framework for Understanding Poverty”
  • Add R Rules: A guide for teens to identify and build resources that promote leadership and school completion
poverty key points

Poverty: Key Points

Poverty is relative: similar circumstances; poverty or wealth exists in relationship to known quantities or expectations

Poverty occurs in all races and countries: the % of the population that is poor is subject to definition and circumstance

poverty is the extent to which an individual does without internal and external resources
Poverty is the extent to which an individual does without internal and external resources
  • Financial: External - no $ for goods and services
  • Mental: Internal and external – mental abilities and acquired skills (the R Rules) to deal with daily life
  • Emotional: Internal – unable to choose or control emotional responses that engage in self-destructive behaviors
poverty is the extent to which an individual does without internal and external resources1
Poverty is the extent to which an individual does without internal and external resources
  • Spiritual: Internal – believing in a divine purpose and guidance
  • Physical: Internal and External – physical health and guidance
  • Support Systems: External – Friends, family and backup resources for times of need
poverty is the extent to which an individual does without internal and external resources2
Poverty is the extent to which an individual does without internal and external resources
  • Relationships/Role Models: External – Frequent access to appropriate adults who nurture the child and do not engage in self-destructive behavior
  • Knowledge of Hidden Rules: Internal – Knows the unspoken cues and habits of a group
slide9

Key Point

Poverty is relative.

poverty key points1
Poverty: Key Points

Generational poverty (poverty for two generations or longer)

Situational poverty (shorter and is caused by circumstance, i.e., death, illness, divorce, etc.)

slide11

Key Point

Generational poverty and situational poverty are different.

poverty key points2
Poverty: Key Points
  • Hidden rules: the unspoken cues and habits of a group Even though income of the individual may rise significantly, many of the patterns of thought, social interaction, cognitive strategies, etc., remain
  • Schools and businesses operate from middle-class norms and use the hidden rules of middle-class which are not taught in schools or businesses
poverty key points3
Poverty: Key Points

We must understand the hidden rules of our students and teach them the rules that will make them successful at school and at work

hidden rules
Hidden Rules

Among “classes” how the“ the world” is defined is the biggest difference

Possessions Food

Clothing People

Time Money

slide15

POSSESSIONS

POVERTY

People

MIDDLE CLASS

Things

WEALTH

One-of-a-kind objects, legacies, pedigrees

slide16

CLOTHING

POVERTY

Clothing valued for individual style and expression of personality

MIDDLE CLASS

Clothing values for its quality and acceptance into norm of middle class

Label important

WEALTH

Clothing valued for its artistic sense and expression

Designer important

slide17

TIME

POVERTY

Present most important

Decisions made for the moment based on feelings or survival

MIDDLE CLASS

Future most important

Decisions made against future ramifications

WEALTH

Traditions and history most important

Decisions made partially on basis of tradition/decorum

slide18

FOOD

POVERTY

Key question:

Did you have enough?

Quantity important

MIDDLE CLASS

Key question:

Did you like it?

Quality important

WEALTH

Key question:

Was it presented well?

Presentation important

slide19

FAMILY STRUCTURE

POVERTY

Tends to be matriarchal

MIDDLE CLASS

Tends to be patriarchal

WEALTH

Depends on who has the money

language register
Language Register

Understand how language register, story structure, and language experience influence cognitive development.

slide21

LANGUAGE

POVERTY

Casual register: Language is about survival

MIDDLE CLASS

Formal register: Language is about negotiation

WEALTH

Formal register: Language is about networking

slide22

REGISTERS OF LANGUAGE

FROZEN

FORMAL

CONSULTATIVE

CASUAL

INTIMATE

slide23

Registers:

FROZEN

FORMAL

CONSULTATIVE

CASUAL

INTIMATE

Discourse Patterns:

CASUAL

FORMAL

Let’s get down to business.

Let’s visit.

23

©2008 by aha! Process, Inc. www.ahaprocess.com

gender roles
Gender Roles

Male: Lover Provider

Fighter Flight

Female: Caretaker Disciplinarian

Keeper of the soul Martyr

slide25

“… Human relationship is a sledgehammer that obliterates every societal difference.”

  • –Robert Sapolsky
slide26

Life is like a card game …

Everyone gets a set of cards …

While you can’t control the cards you get …

You can decide how to play them …

Patterns, Realities, Rules,

Resources, and Relationships

26

©2008 by aha! Process, Inc. www.ahaprocess.com

generate a list of strategies that you believe connected you to your school and learning
Financial

Relationships

Emotional

Mental

Spiritual

Physical

Language

Generate a list of strategies that you believe connected you to your school and learning

Resource Considerations:

effective strategies for dropout prevention
Effective Strategies for Dropout Prevention

Basic Core Strategies:

  • Mentoring/Tutoring
  • Service Learning
  • Alternative Schooling
  • After School Opportunities
effective strategies for dropout prevention1
Effective Strategies for Dropout Prevention

Early Interventions:

  • Early Childhood Education
  • Family Engagement
  • Early Literacy Development
effective strategies for dropout prevention2
Effective Strategies for Dropout Prevention

Making the Most of Instruction

  • Professional Development
  • Active Learning
  • Educational Technology
  • Individualized Instruction
effective strategies for dropout prevention3
Effective Strategies for Dropout Prevention

Making the Most of the Wider Community

  • Systemic Renewal
  • School-Community Collaboration
  • Career and Technical Education
  • Safe Schools
a guide for identifying building resources
A Guide for Identifying & Building Resources

R – R = R + R

Rules – Relationships =

Resentment + Rebellion

a guide for identifying building resources1
A Guide for Identifying & Building Resources

R + R + R = R + R + R

Rules + Rigor + Relationships =

Resources + Results + Respect

creating relationships payne
The role of the educator is not to save the student, but rather to offer a support system, role models, and opportunities to learn, which will increase the likelihood of the student’s success.Creating Relationships (Payne)
contact information
Contact Information

Debrajean Scheibel

Educational Consulatant, MDOE

[email protected]

EL-DEB, INC.

[email protected]

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