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The Gilded Age. I. The New South A. Visions of a New South B. The Economy C. African-Americans D. The Jim Crow South E. The Black Response. Post-Civil War Southern Economy. Textiles. Post-Civil War Southern Economy. Textiles Tobacco.

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The gilded age
The Gilded Age

I. The New South

A. Visions of a New South

B. The Economy

C. African-Americans

D. The Jim Crow South

E. The Black Response




Post civil war southern economy2
Post-Civil War Southern Economy

  • Textiles

  • Tobacco

  • Coal


Post civil war southern economy3
Post-Civil War Southern Economy

  • Textiles

  • Tobacco

  • Coal

  • Iron and Steel


Post civil war southern economy4
Post-Civil War Southern Economy

  • Textiles

  • Tobacco

  • Coal

  • Iron and Steel

  • Lumber Industry


Southern agriculture
Southern Agriculture

  • Single Cash Crop Economy


Southern agriculture1
Southern Agriculture

  • Single Cash Crop Economy

  • Mostly Cotton and Tobacco


Southern agriculture2
Southern Agriculture

  • Single Cash Crop Economy

  • Cotton and Tobacco mostly

  • Sharecropping and Tenant Farming


Southern agriculture3
Southern Agriculture

  • Single Cash Crop Economy

  • Cotton and Tobacco mostly

  • Sharecropping and Tenant Farming

  • Crop Lien System




The jim crow south
The Jim Crow South to $1.00 per pound

  • Disenfranchisement (loss of the vote)


The jim crow south1
The Jim Crow South to $1.00 per pound

  • Disenfranchisement (loss of the vote)

  • Grandfather Clause


The jim crow south2
The Jim Crow South to $1.00 per pound

  • Disenfranchisement (loss of the vote)

    1. Grandfather clause

    2. Poll Tax


The jim crow south3
The Jim Crow South to $1.00 per pound

  • Disenfranchisement (loss of the vote)

    1. Grandfather clause

    2. Poll Tax

    3. Literacy Tests


The jim crow south4
The Jim Crow South to $1.00 per pound

  • Disenfranchisement (loss of the vote)

    1. Grandfather clause

    2. Poll Tax

    3. Literacy Tests

  • Results

    La-1896: 130,000 blacks registered

    La-1904: 1,300 !


The jim crow south5
The Jim Crow South to $1.00 per pound

  • Jim Crow Laws: Legalized Segregation

    in all public and private facilities

    1. Transportation

    2. Schools

    3. Libraries

    4. Drinking Fountains

    5. Even morgues and funeral parlors!


Sharecropper in cabin
Sharecropper in cabin to $1.00 per pound


Homer plessy
Homer Plessy to $1.00 per pound


Plessy v ferguson 1896
Plessy v. Ferguson to $1.00 per pound1896

  • The Case: Homer Plessy, 1/8th black, refused to ride in a whites-only RR car, and

    was arrested. Case appealed to Supreme Ct.


Plessy v ferguson 18961
Plessy v. Ferguson to $1.00 per pound1896

  • The Case: Homer Plessy, 1/8th black, refused to ride in a whites-only RR car, and

    was arrested. Case appealed to Supreme Ct.

  • The Ruling: SEPARATE facilities were OK as long as they were EQUAL.


Plessy v ferguson 18962
Plessy v. Ferguson to $1.00 per pound1896

  • The Case: Homer Plessy, 1/8th black, refused to ride in a whites-only RR car, and

    was arrested. Case appealed to Supreme Ct.

  • The Ruling: SEPARATE facilities were OK as long as they were EQUAL.

  • Results: Legalized Jim Crow Segregation until 1954 (Brown v. Board of Education)



Other important black leaders
Other Important Black Leaders to $1.00 per pound

  • T. Thomas Fortune: helped found NAACP

  • “Pap” Singleton: tried to form black “colonies” in the West

  • Henry Turner: Organized “Back to Africa”

    Movement


W e b dubois
W.E.B. Dubois to $1.00 per pound


W e b dubois1
W.E.B. Dubois to $1.00 per pound

  • Well Educated--first African-American to

    receive PhD from Harvard


W e b dubois2
W.E.B. Dubois to $1.00 per pound

  • Well Educated--first African-American to

    receive PhD from Harvard

  • Wanted total equality immediately


W e b dubois3
W.E.B. Dubois to $1.00 per pound

  • Well Educated--first African-American to

    receive PhD from Harvard

  • Wanted total equality immediately

  • Wanted traditional higher education for blacks


W e b dubois4
W.E.B. Dubois to $1.00 per pound

  • Well Educated--first African-American to

    receive PhD from Harvard

  • Wanted total equality immediately

  • Wanted traditional higher education for blacks

  • The Souls of Black Folk (1903)


W e b dubois5
W.E.B. Dubois to $1.00 per pound

  • Well Educated--first African-American to

    receive PhD from Harvard

  • Wanted total equality immediately

  • Wanted traditional higher education for blacks

  • The Souls of Black Folk (1903)

  • The Niagara Movement--led to NAACP


Booker t washington
Booker T. Washington to $1.00 per pound


Booker t washington1
Booker T. Washington to $1.00 per pound

  • Born a slave in Alabama


Booker t washington2
Booker T. Washington to $1.00 per pound

  • Born a slave in Alabama

  • Believed in vocational education for blacks


Booker t washington3
Booker T. Washington to $1.00 per pound

  • Born a slave in Alabama

  • Believed in vocational education for blacks

  • Founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama


Booker t washington4
Booker T. Washington to $1.00 per pound

  • Born a slave in Alabama

  • Believed in vocational education for blacks

  • Founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama

  • Believed in gradual equality


Booker t washington5
Booker T. Washington to $1.00 per pound

  • Born a slave in Alabama

  • Believed in vocational education for blacks

  • Founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama

  • Believed in gradual equality

  • Accused of being an accomodationist or Uncle Tom


Booker t washington6
Booker T. Washington to $1.00 per pound

  • Born a slave in Alabama

  • Believed in vocational education for blacks

  • Founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama

  • Believed in gradual equality

  • Accused of being an accommodationist or Uncle Tom

  • Received much white support


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