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The Gilded Age. I. The New South A. Visions of a New South B. The Economy C. African-Americans D. The Jim Crow South E. The Black Response. Post-Civil War Southern Economy. Textiles. Post-Civil War Southern Economy. Textiles Tobacco.

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the gilded age
The Gilded Age

I. The New South

A. Visions of a New South

B. The Economy

C. African-Americans

D. The Jim Crow South

E. The Black Response

post civil war southern economy3
Post-Civil War Southern Economy
  • Textiles
  • Tobacco
  • Coal
  • Iron and Steel
post civil war southern economy4
Post-Civil War Southern Economy
  • Textiles
  • Tobacco
  • Coal
  • Iron and Steel
  • Lumber Industry
southern agriculture
Southern Agriculture
  • Single Cash Crop Economy
southern agriculture1
Southern Agriculture
  • Single Cash Crop Economy
  • Mostly Cotton and Tobacco
southern agriculture2
Southern Agriculture
  • Single Cash Crop Economy
  • Cotton and Tobacco mostly
  • Sharecropping and Tenant Farming
southern agriculture3
Southern Agriculture
  • Single Cash Crop Economy
  • Cotton and Tobacco mostly
  • Sharecropping and Tenant Farming
  • Crop Lien System
slide11

After the Civil War, the price of cotton immediately went up to $1.00 per pound

  • Then began a steady downward spiral
  • 1875- 11 cents/pound
  • 1894- less than 5 cents/pound
slide12

After the Civil War, the price of cotton immediately went up to $1.00 per pound

  • Then began a steady downward spiral
  • 1875- 11 cents/pound
  • 1894- less than 5 cents/pound
  • As a result- farmers had to plant more and more cotton to survive
the jim crow south
The Jim Crow South
  • Disenfranchisement (loss of the vote)
the jim crow south1
The Jim Crow South
  • Disenfranchisement (loss of the vote)
  • Grandfather Clause
the jim crow south2
The Jim Crow South
  • Disenfranchisement (loss of the vote)

1. Grandfather clause

2. Poll Tax

the jim crow south3
The Jim Crow South
  • Disenfranchisement (loss of the vote)

1. Grandfather clause

2. Poll Tax

3. Literacy Tests

the jim crow south4
The Jim Crow South
  • Disenfranchisement (loss of the vote)

1. Grandfather clause

2. Poll Tax

3. Literacy Tests

  • Results

La-1896: 130,000 blacks registered

La-1904: 1,300 !

the jim crow south5
The Jim Crow South
  • Jim Crow Laws: Legalized Segregation

in all public and private facilities

1. Transportation

2. Schools

3. Libraries

4. Drinking Fountains

5. Even morgues and funeral parlors!

plessy v ferguson 1896
Plessy v. Ferguson1896
  • The Case: Homer Plessy, 1/8th black, refused to ride in a whites-only RR car, and

was arrested. Case appealed to Supreme Ct.

plessy v ferguson 18961
Plessy v. Ferguson1896
  • The Case: Homer Plessy, 1/8th black, refused to ride in a whites-only RR car, and

was arrested. Case appealed to Supreme Ct.

  • The Ruling: SEPARATE facilities were OK as long as they were EQUAL.
plessy v ferguson 18962
Plessy v. Ferguson1896
  • The Case: Homer Plessy, 1/8th black, refused to ride in a whites-only RR car, and

was arrested. Case appealed to Supreme Ct.

  • The Ruling: SEPARATE facilities were OK as long as they were EQUAL.
  • Results: Legalized Jim Crow Segregation until 1954 (Brown v. Board of Education)
other important black leaders
Other Important Black Leaders
  • T. Thomas Fortune: helped found NAACP
  • “Pap” Singleton: tried to form black “colonies” in the West
  • Henry Turner: Organized “Back to Africa”

Movement

w e b dubois1
W.E.B. Dubois
  • Well Educated--first African-American to

receive PhD from Harvard

w e b dubois2
W.E.B. Dubois
  • Well Educated--first African-American to

receive PhD from Harvard

  • Wanted total equality immediately
w e b dubois3
W.E.B. Dubois
  • Well Educated--first African-American to

receive PhD from Harvard

  • Wanted total equality immediately
  • Wanted traditional higher education for blacks
w e b dubois4
W.E.B. Dubois
  • Well Educated--first African-American to

receive PhD from Harvard

  • Wanted total equality immediately
  • Wanted traditional higher education for blacks
  • The Souls of Black Folk (1903)
w e b dubois5
W.E.B. Dubois
  • Well Educated--first African-American to

receive PhD from Harvard

  • Wanted total equality immediately
  • Wanted traditional higher education for blacks
  • The Souls of Black Folk (1903)
  • The Niagara Movement--led to NAACP
booker t washington1
Booker T. Washington
  • Born a slave in Alabama
booker t washington2
Booker T. Washington
  • Born a slave in Alabama
  • Believed in vocational education for blacks
booker t washington3
Booker T. Washington
  • Born a slave in Alabama
  • Believed in vocational education for blacks
  • Founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
booker t washington4
Booker T. Washington
  • Born a slave in Alabama
  • Believed in vocational education for blacks
  • Founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
  • Believed in gradual equality
booker t washington5
Booker T. Washington
  • Born a slave in Alabama
  • Believed in vocational education for blacks
  • Founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
  • Believed in gradual equality
  • Accused of being an accomodationist or Uncle Tom
booker t washington6
Booker T. Washington
  • Born a slave in Alabama
  • Believed in vocational education for blacks
  • Founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
  • Believed in gradual equality
  • Accused of being an accommodationist or Uncle Tom
  • Received much white support
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