School Improvement Strategies: Investing in Expanded Learning Time Jennifer Davis May 18, 2009 Center for American Progress The Expanded Learning Time Model Is One Key Time and Learning Reform Strategy Targeted Intervention for Some Students Summer Learning Programs
Investing in Expanded Learning Time
May 18, 2009
Center for American Progress
Targeted Intervention for Some Students
Summer Learning Programs
Time and Learning Field
After School Programs
Expanded Learning Time Schools
Building off the Massachusetts Expanded Learning Time model, the National Center on Time & Learning has developed a scalable and replicable model for converting traditional elementary and middle schools into Expanded Learning Time Schools.
“Time” now at the forefront of education reform dialogue Learning Reform Strategy
Policy leaders are highly focused on 4 core concerns – all underscore the need for more learning timeA Critical Juncture in the Movement to Expand Learning Time
Unrelenting Achievement Gap
Need to Improve Teacher Quality
Expanded Learning Time Schools
Narrowing of the Curriculum
Bottom line: Schools, as they are currently structured, are not meeting the needs of students, particularly those living in poverty.
Narrowing the Curriculum Learning Reform Strategy
Comparison of Instructional Time Per Year
Massachusetts District Schools
Expanded Learning Time Initiative:
First State Policy Initiative To Redesign School Schedules Adding At Least 300 Hours For All Students In Participating Schools
Launched in 2005, schools redesign their day to add at least 300 hours for academics, enrichment and teacher development. State funds the program at $1,300 per student.
30 additional schools have submitted ELT redesign proposals to the Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education.
This graph tracks the changes in the gap between an ELT school’s performance for students in grades 6-8 and the state’s performance for these same students during the two years of ELT implementation. As measured by the state’s Composite Performance Index, six of the seven schools narrowed their gap with the state in math (green region), and five of the seven schools also narrowed the gap in English Language Arts (ELA). One school lagged slightly behind the state in math and ELA (red region).
These 5 ELT schools narrowed the achievement gap with the state in English andmath
This ELT school narrowed the achievement gap with the state in math
English Language Arts
Teachers at Expanded Learning Time schools believe they have sufficient time to complete the curriculum and meet the needs of all students compared to teachers in traditional schools across the state.
Percent of Teachers Agreeing
Source: MassTeLLS, 2009
Note:The Massachusetts Teaching, Learning and Leading Survey: Creating Conditions Where Teachers Stay and Teachers Thrive was released on February 24, 2009 to the Board of Elementary and Secondary Education. The final report of the Mass TeLLS initiative analyzes teaching conditions in the Commonwealth, documents connections to student achievement and future employment plans, and examines how educators view conditions differently.
National Momentum broaden opportunities for Massachusetts students
Massachusetts ELT initiative launched in 2005 (26 schools and 13,500 children participating);
Leaders in Rhode Island, Oklahoma, Alabama and Hawaii have initiatives under development;
New York’s “Contracts for Excellence” has “Longer School Day Measures” as one of six allowable uses of the new state funds available through fiscal equity court case;
Leaders in California, Delaware, Ohio, Maryland, Minnesota, and Tennessee are exploring options for adding school time; and
Urban districts, including Pittsburgh, Boston, Miami, New York, Chicago, Omaha and New Orleans are adding more time for learning in targeted schools; and
2/3 of charter schools in America have expanded schedules.
“We can no longer afford an academic calendar designed when America was a nation of farmers… That calendar may have once made sense, but today, it puts us at a competitive disadvantage.”
- President Barack Obama, March 9, 2009
Expanded Learning Time helps to address the priority areas the Obama Administration has identified for
“I think our school day is too short, our week is too short, our year is too short.”
- Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, January 2009 Senate Confirmation Hearing