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IPAWS (Integrated Public Alert & Warning System). Sandia National Laboratories Ronald F. Glaser, PE 505-844-1075, [email protected]

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IPAWS (Integrated Public Alert & Warning System)

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S11 06 glaser ipaws 1242543

IPAWS

(Integrated Public Alert & Warning System)

Sandia National Laboratories

Ronald F. Glaser, PE

505-844-1075, [email protected]

Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.


Outline

Outline

  • What is IPAWS? - administered by FEMA

  • Programmatic drivers / Sandia’s role

  • Conceptual roadmap - iterative development and deployment

  • Hurricane ‘07 (Spiral 0, WARN 2)

    • What did we do?

    • What did we learn?

  • Coordination/Interoperability - vision

  • The IPAWS end system - grid features

  • Summary - POCs and web sites


What is ipaws

What is IPAWS?

  • Department of Homeland Security program begun in 2004 to improve public alert & warning in partnership with NOAA*, the FCC*, & other public/private stakeholders.

  • Evolving “system of systems”

    • Emergency Alert System (EAS) upgrades

    • National Warning System (NAWAS) enhancements

    • New pilots and systems:

      • Digital EAS (DEAS) program with APTS* and others

      • Web Alert and Relay Network (WARN) pilot with Sandia and others

      • Geo-Targeted Alerting System (GTAS) program with NOAA and others

“DHS should establish an integrated public alert and warning system in coordination with all relevant departments and agencies.”

- Hurricane Katrina Lessons Learned Report (2006)

* NOAA = National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration FCC = Federal Communications Commission APTS = Association of Public Television Stations


Ipaws is the nation s next generation emergency warning capability

IPAWS is the Nation’s next-generation emergency warning capability

IPAWS will work with public and private sectors to integrate warning systems to effectively communicate alerts via TV, radio, telephone, internet/computer, cell phone, and other personal communications devices. The IPAWS will allow:

  • The President (or designated Federal officials) to communicate to the American people before, during, and after a crisis

  • The President and authorized Federal government officials to gain situational awareness from State and local emergency operations centers

  • Effective communications to State and territory agencies, Governors, tribal councils, and other alert and warning stakeholders

  • State and local emergency managers to send messages to residents during non-Federal emergencies

IPAWS supports FEMA’s goal to reduce losses to life and property from all hazards by providing reliable and accurate information before, during and after an emergency


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The end vision of IPAWS is to delivercoordinated messages over more channelsto more people, anywhere, anytime.

State Agencies

Territories and Tribes

Private Sector

Governors

Local Agencies

International

Governments

President & other officials

Federal Agencies

Responder and Resource Communities

Public

INTERNET

LANDLINE PHONES


Ipaws drivers

IPAWS Drivers

  • Hurricane Katrina

    • Lack of communications and situational awareness paralyzed command and control.

    • Lack of targeted alerts and warnings.

  • Current alert and warning systems don’t reach sufficient proportion of the population

    • Audio-only alerts, distributed via television and radio.

    • 1-12% of population, depending on time of day.

  • Executive Order 13407:

    • Ensure that under all conditions the President can rapidly and effectively address and warn the public over a broad range of communications devices and under any emergency condition.

    • DHS goal for IPAWS is to provide the capability to alert 85% of the listening population within 10 minutes.


Sandia s role

Sandia’s Role

  • Design, set up, and operate pilot alert program for 2007 hurricane season

    • Initial capability deployed 1 August 2007

    • Ended 31 December 2007

  • Develop and pilot new architecture for next hurricane season

    • Understand needs/requirements of users

    • Develop secure architecture for sending messages (internal/public)

    • Develop standards (OASIS*)

    • Qualify vendors for IPAWS interoperability

    • Multiple year effort to develop architecture and roll it out nationally

* Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards


Conceptual ipaws spiral deployment timeline and national coverage

Conceptual IPAWS Spiral deployment timeline and national coverage

IPAWS Deployment

Spiral 0Aug ‘07

Spiral 1 IOCJun ‘08

Spiral 1Dec ‘08

Spiral 2Dec ‘09

Spiral 3Dec ‘10

WARN

CRG infrastructure (vendor-neutral, basic security & message routing services)

Sandia-driven pilots

CRG infrastructure (vendor-neutral, full security & message routing services)

Vendor-driven national roll-out


Ipaws pilot capability for hurricane season 07

IPAWS Pilot Capabilityfor Hurricane Season ‘07

TV &

Radio

EAS

ENDEC

Text Collaboration

CAP Alert Generation

EAS Interface

(WSI Comm Proc)

WARN Servers

EAS Interface

(WSI RF Ctrl)

State/Local/Tribal

FEMA Ops

FEMA Regions

Alert and Warning

IP Network

(CAP/XML)

Tone Alert Radios

Sirens, etc.

Satellite

TV

NOAA

Video to TV,

Cell Phones

& Internet

Satellite

Radio

DHNS

ETN

Cell Phone Carrier

Cell Broadcast

Broker

Opt-In

SMS

RSS

RBDS

Phone

Calls

Cell Phone Carrier

Life & Property

(22 + Amber)

Web

Pop Ups

Radio

Display

Text

Messages


Hurricane season 07 warn 2 spiral 0 overview

Hurricane Season ’07WARN 2 (Spiral 0) Overview

  • IPAWS WARN 2 deployed commercial alert and warning services in Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi

    • Operational from Aug 1 - Dec 31, 2007

    • Covered 3 state EOCs and 133/213 counties/parishes

  • Sandia’s role:

    • System design, integration, and testing

    • Coordination with state and local Emergency Operation Centers

    • Commercial vendor selection and oversight

  • Deployed emergency notification capabilities:

    • Messaging framework for Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) messages to Emergency Alert System (EAS)

    • Emergency Telephone Notification (ETN)

    • Deaf and Hard-Of-Hearing Notification System (DHNS)

    • Subscription-based public alerts (Opt-In)


Spiral 0 overview

Sirens

Geographic

Telephone

Directory

Audio

WSI RF

Adapter

LAT/LONG

Public

Phone #s

CAP

Message

Public Opt-In

Sign-Up

Text

Message

Email

ASL Video

Voice XML

Message

ASL Video

Email

Audio

DeafLink

(DHNS)

Emergency

Telephone

Notification

(ETN)

Spiral 0 Overview

Emergency

Operations

Centers

Web Alert and

Relay Network

Alert Messages

Web

Interaction

Alert

Messages

Audio

CAP

Message

ENDEC

WSI EAS

Adapter

LP1


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Capabilities deployed across Louisiana, Mississippi, & Alabama

  • Web Alert and Relay Network (WARN) Opt-in Software

    • Allows emergency personnel to generate and control warnings via web interface

    • Provides multiple alerts and warnings to people who opt to receive notifications

  • Emergency Telephone Notification (ETN)

    • Hardware to provide basic telephone notification (20,000 calls in 10 minutes)

    • Vender agreements

    • Database resource

  • Enhanced ETN (E-ETN)

    • Additional hardware to increase call capacity to 60,000 ETN calls in 10 minutes

    • Adds redundancy servers to minimize the chance of an outage due to technical failure

  • Deaf and Hard of Hearing Notification System (DHNS)

    • American Sign Language translation of emergency messages to hearing impaired

    • Vendor agreement to post videos on the internet


Demographics

Demographics

US Census Bureau, 2006 & 2007 estimates


Spiral 0 results

Spiral 0 Results


Spiral 0 successes

Spiral 0 Successes

  • Emergency Telephone Notification (ETN) used by Mississippi Governor for Hurricane Dean

  • Opt-In demonstrated for Secretary Chertoff, AL governor, and AL congressional delegation

  • ETN tested with over 250,000 calls

  • Over 700 American Sign Language (ASL) alerts generated

  • Sandia/Vendors trained EOC personnel in 133 counties/parishes

  • Sandia developed working relationship with state EOCs and 10 county/parish EOCs


Spiral 0 lessons learned

Spiral 0 Lessons Learned

  • Vendor independence is necessary for state/local buy-in

  • Efficient, convenient, and continuous training needs to be available for EOC personnel

  • Technology and staffing can be an issue at the county and parish level

  • Funding concerns and sustainment plans need to be addressed for an effective alert and warning capability

  • Emergency Telephone Notification (ETN) is highly desirable but a cellular calling capability is also needed

  • Understanding existing infrastructure (Telephone Network, Internet, etc.) is important to system design

  • Public education and awareness are critical for success

  • Deaf & blind public participation requires direct outreach


Coordination interoperability

Coordination & Interoperability

There are situations requiring cross enterprise messaging

  • Many current architectures discuss message exchanges in terms of a single enterprise

  • Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) benefits from its ability to cross ownership boundaries

    • Federal

    • Regional

    • State

    • Local

    • Tribal

  • To be interoperable, crossing ownership boundaries must accommodate both:

    • Technical aspects: syntax, semantics

    • Policy aspects: access control, security, …

  • Interoperability among diverse participants requires a prearranged groundwork for communications and understanding supporting:

    • Different policy and security contexts

    • Incremental addition of services and participants

    • Resource multiplier when adding another stakeholder


The vision

The Vision

  • An Architecture for Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Coordination, Intelligence and Interoperability

    • Situational Awareness

    • Customized Operational Pictures Based on Common Data

  • A Federal Cross-jurisdictional Routing Grid (CRG)

    • Interoperable Multi-Agency Enterprises

    • Federal/Regional/State/Local/Public

  • Choreographed Information Sharing

    • Data-Content Routing

    • Communities of Interest

  • Communications Surety

    • Security

    • Authentication

    • Robust Delivery

  • Nation Wide Scalability

  • Open Standards Based

    • Vendor Independent Plug-&-Play


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IPAWS Satellite Network

IPAWS IPNetwork

IPAWS End State Vision

Authentication

Boundary

Federal Agencies

Internet & Landline Services

Authentication

Boundary

Authentication

Boundary

Radio

Local EOC

Authentication

Boundary

State EOC

Mobile IPAWS Coordination Ctr

Authentication

Boundary

Television

CommercialSatellite Services

CommercialMobileServices


High level ipaws system

SPOR

SPOR

SPOR

SPOR

SPOR

SPOR

SPOR

SPOR

SPOR

High-Level IPAWS System

Presidential

Alert Injection

EAS

ENDEC

TV &

Radio

Text Collaboration

CAP Alert Generation

Services

EAS Interface

(Comm Proc)

WARN Servers

EAS Interface

(RF Ctrl)

State (Local/Tribal)

FEMA Ops

FEMA Regions

SPOR

Cross-jurisdictional Routing Grid

SPOR

Tone Alert Radios

Sirens, etc.

SPOR

SPOR

Satellite

TV

SPOR

NOAA

Video to TV,

Cell Phones

& Internet

Satellite

Radio

DHNS

ETN

Cell Phone Carrier

Cell Broadcast

Broker

Opt-In

SMS

RSS

RBDS

Phone

Calls

Cell Phone Carrier

Life & Property

(22 + Amber)

Web

Pop Ups

Radio

Display

Text

Messages

SPOR = Secure Policy-oriented Object Router


The ipaws grid

The IPAWS Grid

The Cross-jurisdictional Routing Grid (CRG):

  • Set of intersecting internet partitions

  • Defined by Communities of Interest (COIs)

  • Protected by Application Layer Routers/Firewalls called Secure Policy-oriented Object Routers (SPORs)

  • That enforce COI Policies and Rules

  • For Trans-enterprise Messaging

  • Based on Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) Emergency Data eXchange Language-Distribution Element (EDXL-DE) and Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) Standards


Ipaws crg features

IPAWS CRG Features

  • Authentication

  • Non-repudiation

  • Secure

  • Scalable (to national level)

  • Standards-based, vendor neutral

  • Service Oriented Architecture (event-driven)

  • Policy-oriented routing

  • Geopolitical targeting

  • Multi-channel (not just the internet)

  • Hardened Secure Policy-orientated Object Routers (SPORs)


Ipaws pilot summary

IPAWS Pilot Summary

  • Demonstrated electronic delivery of emergency alerts to the public utilizing commercially-available services

  • Demonstrated some new capabilities to meet public alerting gaps in the current EAS system

    • Addressed alerting gaps through ETN, E-ETN, DHNS, Opt-In, and enhanced EAS and RF system capability.

  • E-ETN & DHNS capabilities can reach a more diverse population not well served by the current EAS functionality

    • E-ETN capability transmitted alerts in foreign languages, thereby aiding those who may have trouble understanding English

    • DHNS conveyed alerts to deaf, blind, and hard-of-hearing citizens

  • Demonstrated the promise of a national public/private emergency alert communication system

    • Ability to communicate emergency alerts quickly to an increased number of individuals during various times of the day

  • Many venues are needed to effectively alert and warnthe public


Points of contacts web sites

Points of Contacts & Web Sites

  • IPAWS Project Manager

    • Ronald Glaser, [email protected]

  • IPAWS Public Relations

    • Mike Janes, [email protected]

  • FEMA IPAWS Web Site

    • http://www.fema.gov/emergency/ipaws/

  • EM Forum on IPAWS

    • http://www.emforum.org/vforum/lc080116.htm

  • IPAWS Supplier Web Site

    • http://public.ca.sandia.gov/IPAWSsuppliers/

  • OASIS Web Site

    • http://www.oasis-open.org/home/index.php


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