Romantic Period . Romantic Period. Suppressed revolution French emotional reaction Middle class dominance Underclass causes adopted Frustrations caused by Napoleon Revolution of 1848. Principles of the Romantic Era. Restriction no longer important Emphasis on emotion rather than reason
"The use of romantic in English goes back to the 17C when it was used to denote imagination and inventiveness in storytelling and, soon after, to characterize scenery and paintings. It served as a synonym to harmonious, picturesque. At the core of the epithet, obviously, is a proper name: Rome, Roman. From the start, the image is many-sided. Centuries after the fall of the empire, the vernacular spoken along the Mediterranean was no longer vulgar Latin but a variable dialect called roman. From it came French, Spanish, Italian, and other romance languages.. After a time, roman was applied to tales written in that dialect as spoken inn southern France. These tales were often about love and adventure, as contrasted with epic narratives or satires. In French today the word for novel is still roman, while in English a romance is one kind of novel and by further extension one kind of love affair... In the last years of the 18C, Romantic generated the -ist form to designate those dissatisfied with the neo-classic style and enthusiastic about new forms in art and thought... The one link between the temper of the period and the original meaning of the word is that Romanticism validated passion and risk. The two are inevitably connected; but as we shall see, they neither exclude reason, nor overlook the real. On the contrary, the spirit of adventure in Romanticism aims at enlarging experience by exploring the real."
– Barzun, Jacques, From Dawn to Decadence, Perennial, 2000, p467-8.
"If you want to do art you must first study the rules, second study the great masters, third forget the rules, because genius begins where trite rules end but you can't get there until you've obeyed the rules first."
– Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792)
Saturn Devouring One of His Sons
"From the early 16C to the end of the 18C common opinion held that religious and history painting were the highest genres. The one edified, the other reminded; both decorated. Portraits came next, landscapes lagged behind. For nature was not yet loved for itself alone. In the early Renaissance it served as a background only, and even then it was 'humanized' by the presence of temples, columns, or other architectural fragments, along with actual figures."
– Barzun, Jacques, From Dawn to Decadence, Perennial, 2000, p71.