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Review S-R flip-flop Clocked S-R flip-flop Edge-triggered flip-flops D, J-K, T flip-flopsPowerPoint Presentation

Review S-R flip-flop Clocked S-R flip-flop Edge-triggered flip-flops D, J-K, T flip-flops

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Review S-R flip-flop Clocked S-R flip-flop Edge-triggered flip-flops D, J-K, T flip-flops

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Review S-R flip-flop Clocked S-R flip-flop Edge-triggered flip-flops D, J-K, T flip-flops

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- Review S-R flip-flop
- Clocked S-R flip-flop
- Edge-triggered flip-flops
- D, J-K, T flip-flops

S

Q

R

Q’

(H)

(H)

The output Q is called the state of the flip-flop

S=1, R=0 Sets the state to 1

S=0, R=1 Resets (or Clears) the state to 0

S=0, R=0 is the Hold state

S=1, R=1 is not allowed

current state

next state

S R qQ

0 0 0 0

0 0 1 1

0 1 0 0

0 1 1 0

1 0 0 1

1 0 1 1

1 1 0 x

1 1 1 x

HOLD

RESET

SET

not allowed

Because the 11 input will not be allowed, the result is a don’t care, and Q = S + R’q

This is the characteristic equation for an S-R flip-flop

R

S

Q

Q(H) or

Q’ (L)

Q’ (H) or

Q(L)

S

Q

CLK

R

Q’

When CLK = 0, the flip-flop holds

When CLK = 1

It acts like a regular S-R flip-flop

S

R

CLK

Q

S=1, R=1, can occur as long as the Clock=0

- For clocked flip-flops, the output reflects the input as long as the clock =1. When the clock=0, the flip-flop is in the hold state.
- For edge-triggered flip-flops, the output only changes at the edge of the clock
- A positive-edge-triggered flip-flop changes state on the low-to-high transition of the clock ( )
- A negative-edge-triggered flip-flop changes state on the high-to-low transition of the clock ( )

S

S

S

Q

Q

Q

R

R

R

Q’

Q’

Q’

A positive edge triggered flip-flop

Negative edge triggered flip-flops

CLK

S

R

Q

Positive edge triggered flip-flop

Q

Negative edge triggered flip-flop

D

Q

CLK

Q’

When CLK = 0, the flip-flop holds

When CLK = 1D qQ

0 00

0 10

1 01

1 11

Characteristic Equation: Q = D

J

Q

K

Q’

J K qQ

0 0 00

0 0 11

0 1 00

0 1 10

1 0 01

1 0 11

1 1 01

1 1 1 0

Hold

Reset

Set

Characteristic Equation

Q = Jq’ + K’q

Invert

(or complement)

T

Q

J

Q

Q’

K

Q’

T

T qQ

0 00

0 11

1 01

1 10

Hold

Invert

(or complement)

Characteristic Equation

Q = Tq’ + T’q