Pos 316 416 latin american politics 11 06 2006
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POS 316/416 Latin American Politics – 11/06/2006 Course status. Midterm Exam: returned last week, make sure you have received exam. Questions? Paper Assignment 2. Due, both hard copy in class and e-copy w/n 24 hours. Paper Assignment 3. Distributed next week, due 11/27.

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POS 316/416 Latin American Politics – 11/06/2006

  • Course status.

    • Midterm Exam: returned last week, make sure you have received exam.

    • Questions?

    • Paper Assignment 2.

      • Due, both hard copy in class and e-copy w/n 24 hours.

    • Paper Assignment 3.

      • Distributed next week, due 11/27.

  • Lecture/discussion.

    • Elections 2006.

    • Oaxaca 2006 – Limits of Democracy.

      • Mexican government seizes control of Oaxaca.

      • Up to 7 demonstrators killed.

      • Including one American journalist.

    • Presentations (Human trafficking – Human Rights NGOs Chile.

    • US Influence/Counter-narcotics/Counter-Terror and Militarization.

      • Addicted to Failure?: State failure, rebellion, and narcotics.

        • Video: FARC, Colombia.


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  • Elections 2006.

    • Latin America.

      • Washington Post.

        • Election Map.

          • Ecuador 11/26/06; Venezuela 12/?/2006.

    • Nicaragua.

      • Washington Post.

        • Ortega in the lead.

        • Look at Latin American Leftist leaders.

      • BBC - Polls predict Ortega win.

      • CNN – Ortega headed for win.

    • Oaxaca, Mexico.

      • BBC – Rally against governor of Oaxaca.

      • CNN – Bombing in DF – Police Evacuate Oaxaca.


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Vanden and Prevost, Chap. 10 - 1

  • Latin American Revolutions.

    • Marxism – theoretical inspiration for many revolutionary movements.

    • Marxism, Leninism appealing to Latin American (and other revolutionaries).

      • Utopian ideology.

      • Resonant class analysis of limits of reform of capitalist oligarchy.

      • Lenin and subsequent Marxian critiques of imperialism, and hope that it was “highest stage of capitalism.”

      • Unfortunately – for Marxists – imperialism superseded by neo-liberalism/globalization.

    • Latin American adoption and “revisions” of Marxism.

      • Influence begins with first international.

      • Marxism, anarchism, socialism, compete for revolutionary allegiances.

      • European immigration = diffusion of ideology in 1890s.

      • Mexican Revolution – left ideologies competed for seizing of revolutionary imagination.

      • Soviet Revolution – initial inspiration, COMINTERN activities.

      • Peruvian Marxism – Maríategui (attempted independent path).


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Vanden and Prevost, Chap. 10 - 2

  • Latin American Revolutions.

    • Latin American adoption and “revisions” of Marxism (continued).

      • Soviet domination of COMINTERN and penetration and direction of Latin American communist parties may have stunted development of Latin American national Marxism.

      • Played role in “revolutionary moments” and labor organization in Argentina, 1932 uprising in El Salvador, Chile 1933.

      • Soviet influence may have created a non-revolutionary Marxism resting on urban labor.

      • Cuban Revolution worker-peasant-insurgent alliance.

      • Post-Cuban Revolution.

        • Ché Guevara and Regis Debray inspire urban guerilla and peasant worker guerrilla movements (foco theory).

        • Movements ultimately not successful.

        • Influence of Maoist success and revisions to Marxism-Leninism.

      • Nicaragua.

        • Successful united front with Marxian influences.

        • Hybrid of Sandino, Maríategui, Gramsci.

        • 1979 to 1990, then revolutionary exhaustion, contra war.


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Vanden and Prevost, Chap. 10 - 3

  • Latin American Revolutions.

    • El Salvador.

      • FMLN (front umbrella organization).

      • Conducted guerrilla insurgency 1970s and 1980s.

      • Massive US intervention (discussed next week).

      • La Matanza 1932. Aggressive, incredibly brutal counterinsurgency.

      • FMLN insurrection in January 1981.

        • Initiates 10 year civil war.

        • Counterinsurgency has major support from United States.

        • Designed to prevent another domino from falling.

        • Aggressive “rollback” in Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Grenada (discussed in more detail next week).

      • 1990-1 – Peace process (roughly simultaneous with Nicaragua – timing not coincidental – Soviet Empire breaks up).

      • FMLN converts in political party.

    • On going insurgencies.

      • Peru, Colombia, Mexico (protracted peace process and very low level counterinsurgency).

    • Left-Reformist, Center Left Governments: Chavez, Lula.


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Smith, Chap. 10 - 1

  • “Illeberal Democracy.”

    • Dictaduras vs. Dictablandas.

    • Killing of jounalists.

    • Fujimori’s “infotatorship”.

    • Killing of in Oaxaca.

    • Antidefamation laws.

    • Uneven rule of law.

    • Special courts.

    • Prison abuse.

  • Changing context.

    • Freedom House ratings/civil liberties “checklist.”

    • Striking findings, electoral democracies with “partial protection” for civil liberties (p. 280).

    • Table 10.4.




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  • US Influence: Global and Regional (Latin American) Patterns in Narcotics Trafficking.

    • UN.

      • Office on Drugs and Crime.

      • 2006 World Drug Report.

    • OAS

      • Inter American Drug Abuse Control Commission.

    • United States.

      • DEA.

        • “Narco-Terrorism” Website.

      • Department of State.

        • Plan Colombia.

      • Dept. of Treasury

        • FINCEN.

      • Political Instability Task Force/State Failure Project.

        • Phase 5 Reports.




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  • Next Week (11/13/2006). Phase V.

    • Paper assignment 2 returned via e-mail.

    • Paper assignment 3 distributed, not due until Nov. 27.

    • Come to class having done assigned readings.


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