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United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Non-Physical Obstacles and Security Risks to Transit Transport Structure of the Presentation Overview of non-physical obstacles and security risks to international transport

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united nations economic commission for europe unece

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe(UNECE)

Non-Physical Obstacles and

Security Risks to Transit Transport

UNECE Transport Division

structure of the presentation
Structure of the Presentation
  • Overview of non-physical obstacles and security risks to international transport
  • Addressing obstacles and security risks to international transport
  • The findings of the TEM and TER Master Plan Conclusions

UNECE Transport Division

non physical obstacles and security risks to international transport 1
Non-Physical Obstacles and Security Risks to International Transport (1)
  • Long procedures and controls (delays, costs)
  • Arbitrary, discriminatory and non cost-related transit taxes (deterrent for development of transport and trade, particularly for inexpensive commodities and landlocked countries)
  • Heterogeneous transport regulations(road traffic rules, road signs, driving permits, etc.)

UNECE Transport Division

non physical obstacles and security risks to international transport 2
Non-Physical Obstacles and Security Risks to International Transport (2)
  • Security risks:
  • Theft of vehicles, Attacks to drivers
  • Attacks to key infrastructures
  • Theft of dangerous substances
  • Organized crime, International terrorism
  • Illegal traffic of persons and/or goods

UNECE Transport Division

addressing non physical obstacles security risks to international transport
Addressing Non-Physical Obstacles, Security Risks to international transport
  • UNECE Agreements & Conventions facilitate transport while providing safety and security
  • Legally binding
  • Elaborated by consensus
  • Follow well-established UN legal procedures

UNECE Transport Division

addressing non physical obstacles security risks to international transport6
Addressing Non-Physical Obstacles, Security Risks to international transport

To remove non-physical obstacles while providing security at borders:

  • TIR Convention, of 1975
  • Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods

UNECE Transport Division

addressing non physical obstacles security risks to international transport7
Addressing Non-Physical Obstacles, Security Risks to international transport

To harmonize road traffic and improve safety:

  • Conventions on Road Traffic and on Road Signs and Signals, of 1968
  • Work of Crews of Vehicles engaged in International Road Transport (AETR)

UNECE Transport Division

addressing non physical obstacles security risks to international transport8
Addressing Non-Physical Obstacles, Security Risks to international transport

For safety and security rules for the transport of dangerous goods:

  • Agreement on the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)

UNECE Transport Division

findings of the tem ter master plan
Findings of the TEM&TER Master Plan
  • Separate examination for TEM and TER networks
  • Inventory of border crossing points (1st Step)
  • Identification of border problems (2nd Step)
  • Separation of problems origins (3rd Step)
  • Recommendations (4th Step)

UNECE Transport Division

tem border crossing issues inventory by origin 1
TEM Border Crossing Issues. Inventory by origin (1)

Infrastructure

  • Unsuitable and insufficient capacity of border posts
  • Obsolete and poor quality facilities
  • Inadaquate equipment
  • No separate lanes for transit traffic and empty vehicles
  • Under-sized access roads to border posts and insufficient parking space at borders

UNECE Transport Division

tem border crossing issues inventory by origin 2
TEM Border Crossing Issues. Inventory by origin (2)

Procedures (1)

  • Long and often over-complex procedures
  • Insufficient computerization of control procedures
  • Systematic control of all vehicles instead of risk

management based techniques

  • Complex and often contentious procedures for weighing
  • Absence of non-stop veterinary and phytosanitary controls

UNECE Transport Division

tem border crossing issues inventory by origin 3
TEM Border Crossing Issues. Inventory by origin (3)

Procedures (2)

  • Additional controls of doubtful necessity, such as radioactivity controls at some borders
  • Lack of coordination between customs administrations of adjacent countries, insufficient exchange of information
  • Insufficient cooperation between national authorities responsible for controls
  • Non-compliance with TIR procedures

UNECE Transport Division

tem border crossing issues inventory by origin 4
TEM Border Crossing Issues. Inventory by origin (4)

Procedures (3)

  • Failure to provide information to professionals-private sector
  • Changes without notice of the procedures used
  • Compulsory convoys of vehicles
  • Imposition of compulsory pay services using "commercial" structures established at border crossing points
  • Proliferation of taxes, duties and fees

UNECE Transport Division

tem border crossing issues inventory by origin 5
TEM Border Crossing Issues. Inventory by origin (5)

Staff

  • Shortage of control personnel
  • Low productivity
  • Non-continuous working hours
  • Lack of skills and training
  • Lack of continuity in the management of controls due to a high level of staff rotation at all levels
  • Inappropriate behavior of some officials

UNECE Transport Division

tem border crossing recommendations for improvement 1
TEM Border Crossing Recommendations for Improvement (1)

General remarks

  • Simplification and harmonization - main target
  • Focus in the implementation of UNECE agreements
  • Anticipation of future growth in trade flows, investing in advance in improved infrastructure, procedures and training
  • Close cooperation of governments to reduce border crossing problems, which are barriers to development

UNECE Transport Division

tem border crossing recommendations for improvement 2
TEM Border Crossing Recommendations for Improvement (2)

Infrastructure

  • Improving facilities at borders
  • Providing a sufficient number of queues and windows
  • Improving access to border crossings by widening roads

and creating additional lanes

UNECE Transport Division

tem border crossing recommendations for improvement 3
TEM Border Crossing Recommendations for Improvement (3)

Procedures (1)

  • Introducing common customs posts and controls carried

out jointly

  • Transferring of control procedures to sites inside the country (especially for transit) or at the place of destination
  • Introducing new, simplified control procedures
  • Complying strictly with the provisions of the TIR Convention

UNECE Transport Division

tem border crossing recommendations for improvement 4
TEM Border Crossing Recommendations for Improvement (4)

Procedures (2)

  • Simplification and harmonization of weighing procedures
  • Improving coordination between customs authorities of neighboring countries
  • Creating cooperation between national administrations
  • Simplifying and, if possible, reducing of taxes, fees and duties charged at border crossings
  • Facilitating the issuance of visas to professional drivers
  • Improving communication with the private sector

UNECE Transport Division

tem border crossing recommendations for improvement 5
TEM Border Crossing Recommendations for Improvement (5)

Staff

  • Increasing the number of personnel
  • Failing 24/24 opening, alignment of border post opening times
  • Training of control personnel
  • Motivating of control officials
  • Fighting against corruption

UNECE Transport Division

ter border crossing problems 1
TER Border Crossing Problems (1)

Introduction

The work is based:

- In the results of the permanent monitoring system developed under TER in the last 4 years

- In follow up of developments and progress achieved in facilitation of rail border control in CEE

- In close cooperation with UIC and the EC-Justice and Internal Affairs

- In country inputs

UNECE Transport Division

ter border crossing problems 2
TER Border Crossing Problems (2)
  • Lack of adequate technology for the handling trains at the border (disposition of locomotives-late arrival of staff-Insufficient coordination and management)
  • Inadequate cooperation among those involved
  • Lack or insufficient rules on relations between railway administrations and other institutions involved
  • Insufficient information on flows and transmission of data
  • Delays in completing the documents

UNECE Transport Division

ter border crossing problems 3
TER Border Crossing Problems (3)
  • Lack of adequate technology for the handling trains at the border (disposition of locomotives-late arrival of staff-Insufficient coordination and management)
  • Inadequate cooperation among those involved
  • Lack or insufficient rules on relations between railway administrations and other institutions involved
  • Insufficient information on flows and transmission of data
  • Delays in completing the documents

UNECE Transport Division

ter border recommendations 1
TER Border Recommendations (1)
  • Establishment of Railway Working Groups on a bilateral and/or multilateral basis
  • Better communication among those involved
  • Adoption and implement the best practices developed in the field
  • Border control procedures should be organized during the running train

UNECE Transport Division

ter border recommendations 2
TER Border Recommendations (2)
  • Transfer of non-railway procedures, including customs formalities to origin and destination stations
  • For combined transport, transfer of all customs and border control operations, including veterinary or phytosanitary at the loading and unloading points
  • Improvement of technical facilities on border points
  • Introduction of performance indicators to monitor future progress on border crossing

UNECE Transport Division

slide25

Conclusions (1)

  • Non-physical obstacles and security risks to transit transport are challenging the economic development of Euro-Asian countries
  • Implementation of internationally agreed measures and close cooperation among countries is needed

UNECE Transport Division

slide26

Conclusions (2)

  • UNECE legal instruments are the tools to address some of these problems
  • The TEM and TER work could be used as a starting point for further actions

UNECE Transport Division

slide27

Thank you

www.unece.org/trans

UNECE Transport Division

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