PESTICIDES and Pest Management Paul Andre Missouri Department of Agriculture Pesticide Program. Regulatory Alphabet Soup. EPA NPS MCL HAL TMDL NRCS FIFRA SDWA CWA MDNR FQPA MDA. Questions. MCLs Set Correctly? Who Pays for Water Quality? Significance of PPM,PPB,PPT?. Pesticide Laws.
Public Health Tools?
Anticipates and prevents damage
Reduces side effects
Relies on identification,measurement, assessment,and knowledge
Maintains balanced ecosystems
Pesticides may be ineffective or not needed
Promotes a healthy environment
Maintains a good public image
Identify the pest and know its biology
Monitor and survey for pests
Set IPM goal: prevent, suppress, eradicate
Select control strategies
Is it a pest, beneficial, or just there?
Study pest biology
Vulnerable control stages/timing
Use scouting, trapping, weather data, models
Economics or aesthetics trigger need for action
Plant type & stage of growth
Cost of control measure(s)
Value of plant or crop
Prevention:weed-free seed, resistant plants, sanitation, exclusion, pesticide treatments
Suppression (reduction):cultivation, biological control, pesticides
Eradication (elimination):small, confined areas, or government programs
Make sure you have taken initial steps
Identification and monitoring
Set action thresholds
Know what control strategies will work
Select effective and least harmful methods!
Observe local, state, federal regulations!
Know what worked and what did not
Some aspects may be slow to yield results
Might be ineffective or damaging to the target crop, beneficial insects, etc.
Use gained knowledge in future planning efforts
Intensive pesticide use kills susceptible pests in a population, leaving some resistant ones to reproduce
Cooperative, Voluntary, Community (Watershed)-Based Approach?
Pesticide Program concept of “cumulative risk” is applied.
Missouri Dept. of Agriculture
P.O. Box 630
Jefferson City, MO 65102