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Outline of Alameda County’s Health Care System for the Medically Indigent. Alameda County Re-Entry Task Force October 11, 2007 Dr. Tony Iton, County Health Officer & PH Director. The Context. The Medically Uninsured . Our Broken Health Care System in CA. 6.5 Million Uninsured.

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Outline of alameda county s health care system for the medically indigent

Outline of Alameda County’s Health Care System for the Medically Indigent

Alameda County Re-Entry Task Force October 11, 2007

Dr. Tony Iton, County Health Officer & PH Director


The context

The Context Medically Indigent

The Medically Uninsured


Our Broken Health Care System in CA Medically Indigent

6.5 Million Uninsured

20% of Population

Source: California Health Interview Survey, 2005


Fig. 1. Types of Health Coverage Among Alameda County Residents (total = 1,475,000)

Source: California Health Interview Survey, 2005.


Source: California Health Interview Survey, 2005. Note that numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.


84% of the Uninsured Work numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

Source: California Health Interview Survey, 2005


The situation in alameda county

The Situation in Alameda County numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.


Alameda County Health Care Services Agency numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

HCSA Administration/Indigent Health

Environmental Health

Behavioral Health Care Services

Public Health Services

Office of the Director/Health Officer

Administration

Indigent Health Care Services

Administration

Environmental Health Services

Cross-Departmental/Cross-Jurisdictional Health Services

24 Hour Services

Outpatient Services

Administrative Services

Communicable Disease Control & Prevention

Vector Control Services

Referral Services

Support Services

Family Health Services

Administration/Infrastructure Support

Community Health Services

U.C. Cooperative Extension

Day Treatment

Ancillaries

Public Health Nursing

Emergency Medical Services

Outreach

Office of AIDS


Hcsa indigent care spending 96 million in 2007
HCSA Indigent Care Spending numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.~$96 million in 2007


The safety net
The Safety Net numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

Serves:

  • uninsured,

  • underinsured, and

  • portion of the Medi-Cal population (123,000).

    Comprised of:

  • ACMC (3 hospitals and three outpt. clinics),

  • 10 community-based clinics,

  • and Health Care for the Homeless


W numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

E

N

JGPH

FH

Highland Hospital

AHS

LaC

WO

TV

Ax

TC


Major payor sources
Major Payor Sources numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

  • Medi-Cal and County General Funds (CMSP)

  • However, Medi-Cal covers less than ½ of the poor. Must be categorically linked or disabled.

  • States are desperately looking for ways to decrease spending on Medicaid thus passing the financial burden down to counties.

  • Alas working poor, homeless adult singles, new immigrants are left out and must depend entirely on the safety net.


Cclho proposal to cdcr receivership

CCLHO Proposal To CDCR Receivership numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.


Brief context
Brief Context numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

  • CCLHO approached by Mr. Bob Sillen, Receiver for CDCR’s medical system (California Prison Health Care Receivership Corporation or CPR), to draft a proposal to help strengthen public health in California’s prisons. (Seek Foundation support?)

  • CCLHO has been working diligently over the past few years to reinvigorate a joint CDCR-DHS-CCLHO committee on communicable disease policies and control within CDCR.

  • CPR has engaged several health care medical informatics experts and intends to enhance the availability of electronic health data, electronic registries, & telemedicine within CDCR.


Brief context cont
Brief Context (cont.) numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

  • Several innovative city-based programs have been developed including LA’s Going Home--Los Angeles program and Oakland’s Project Choice.

  • Several counties (LA, San Diego, Riverside, San Bernardino, and Alameda) have been involved in an effort organized by Regional Congregations and Neighborhood Organizations (RCNO) to develop a Public Health Reentry Initiative to provide a seamless system of support for parolees who are seeking solutions to their health needs.

  • Kern and San Diego counties HIV and mental illness case management programs for re-entering prisoners.


The status quo

The Status Quo numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.


High prevalence of ph problems
High Prevalence of PH Problems numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

  • DHS study reveals that the prevalence of hepatitis C in California prisons is 34%, hepatitis B (past infection) is 28%, hepatitis B current/chronic infection is 3.5%, and HIV prevalence is 1.8%.

  • Estimates of prisoners with serious mental health suggest rates as high as 20%, while substance abuse rates are estimated to be 85%.

  • Other diseases of special interest include coccidiomycosis for which specific surveillance strategies within CDCR may be indicated.


Missed opportunities
Missed Opportunities numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

There are 5 clear intervention points in the cycle of incarceration and re-entry into communities:

  • County Jail;

  • Prison Intake;

  • Incarceration;

  • Anticipating Release;

  • Re-Entry To Counties.

    During this cycle, effective health assessment, record keeping, appropriate intervention, and inter-agency communication, is critical to optimize the use of the scarce health resources devoted to this population.


Recommendation 1
Recommendation 1 numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

Establish a robust and competent public health infrastructure within CDCR


Recommendation 2
Recommendation 2 numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

Work in partnership with CDCR to develop an electronic “Continuity of Care Record” (CCR), accessible to county public health departments (and DPH), that would serve as an electronic “health passport” for prisoners upon release


Recommendation 3
Recommendation 3 numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

Establish within CDCR a pre-release screening, education, and discharge coordination process, which may include a pre-release health curriculum, community health directory, electronic transmission of medical records to receiving county, and vouchers for establishing health access in the accepting communities.


Recommendation 4
Recommendation 4 numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

Develop a standardized medical screening at intake and pre-release that screens for chronic disease as well as communicable disease and other diseases of particular public health significance, such as hepatitis C, chronic/carrier Hepatitis B, HIV, and TB.


Recommendation 5
Recommendation 5 numbers may not add to 100% due to rounding.

Work with CCLHO, CHEAC to advocate for simple reactivation of Medi-Cal benefits for those re-entering prisoners whose Medi-Cal was suspended at incarceration.


Based on discussions with health officers, knowledgeable local and state public health department staff, CDCR medical staff, Receiver’s medical staff, and community based organizations involved in prison health and re-entry issues, and given the ongoing internal initiatives that CDCR is already pursuing under the Receiver’s tenure, it is CCLHO’s conclusion that Recommendation 2 provides the greatest opportunity for CCLHO and CDCR collaboration.


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