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NURS 1103 or HLSC 2613. Medical Terminology. Welcome Course Faculty. Larry Hurst. Main Objective: Learn Medical Terminology. New students to Medical Terminology often bewildered by strange spelling and pronunciation. Approximately 75% of Medical Terms are based on either Greek or Latin.

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Nurs 1103 or hlsc 2613

NURS 1103 or HLSC 2613

Medical Terminology


Welcome course faculty

WelcomeCourse Faculty

Larry Hurst


Main objective learn medical terminology
Main Objective:Learn Medical Terminology

  • New students to Medical Terminology often bewildered by strange spelling and pronunciation.

  • Approximately 75% of Medical Terms are based on either Greek or Latin


Medical terminology mispronunciations
Medical TerminologyMispronunciations

  • Artery - The study of fine paintings.

  • Barium - What you do when CPR fails.

  • Benign - What you are after you be eight.

  • Coma - A punctuation mark.

  • Morbid - A higher offer.

  • Urine - opposite of you’re out.

  • Tablet - A small table.


Course description
Course Description

  • A study of physiological systems approach to provide principles of medical word building. Provides medical vocabulary including anatomy, physiology, systems, diagnostic testing and pharmacology. This course is appropriate for health care administration, health science students such as nursing, dental hygiene, paramedics, and physical therapy assisting; as well as court reporting and medical transcriptionist students.


Course objectives
Course Objectives

  • Apply basic principles of medical word building.

  • Correctly pronounce medical terms.

  • Define common medical terms.

  • Relate common medical terms to human anatomy and physiology; common disease states, pharmacological categories and diagnostic tests.

  • Identify the medical terminology in medical record reports.


16 lessons
16 Lessons

  • 1. Basic Elements of a Medical Word

  • 2. Suffixes: Surgical, Diagnostic, etc

  • 3. Suffixes: Adjective, Noun, Diminutive

  • 4. Prefixes

  • 5. Body Structure

  • 6. Integumentary System

  • 7. Gastrointestinal System


Lessons continued
Lessons, continued

  • 8. Respiratory System

  • 9. Cardiovascular System

  • 10. Blood, Lymph, and Immune Systems

  • 11. Musculoskeletal System

  • 12. Genitourinary System

  • 13. Female Reproductive System

  • 14. Endocrine System


Lessons continued1
Lessons, continued

  • 15. Nervous System

  • 16. Special Senses


A busy course
A Busy Course!

  • Are you feeling like a lot of information is about to come your way?

  • The answer is YES.


Now lets begin

Now, lets begin

Chapter 1

Basic Elements of Medical Word


Medical dictionary use
Medical Dictionary Use

Look Up Unfamiliar Terms


Word roots wr
Word Roots (WR)

  • Usually derived form Greek or Latin

  • Frequently indicates a body part

  • Most medical terms have one or more word roots



Combining forms cf
Combining Forms (CF)

  • Combining Form (CF) is a Word Root (WR) plus a vowel, usually an “o”

  • Usually indicates a body part


Combining forms examples
Combining Forms Examples

  • Cardi/ + o = cardi/o heart

  • gastr/ + o = gastr/o stomach

  • hepat/ + o = hepat/o liver

  • nephr/ + o = nephr/o kidney

  • oste/ + o = oste/o bone


Suffixes
Suffixes

  • Word Ending

  • Suffix usually indicates a procedure, condition, disease, or part of speech

  • Usually derived from Greek or Latin


Examples of suffix
Examples of Suffix

  • Arthr/o -centesis Arthrocentesisjoint puncture puncture of a joint

  • throac/o -tomy Thoracotomychest incision incision of the chest

  • gastr/o -megaly Gastromegalystomach enlargement enlargement of the stomach


Prefixes
Prefixes

  • Word element located at the beginning of a word

  • Changes the meaning of the word

  • Usually indicates a number, time, position, direction, color, or sense of negation


Examples of prefix
Examples of Prefix

  • A- mast -ia without breast condition

  • hyper- therm -ia

    excessive heat condition

  • intra- muscul -ar in muscle relating to


Basic rule one
Basic Rule One

  • A WR (word root) is used before a suffix that begins with a vowel.Scler/ + osis = sclerosis


Basic rule two
Basic Rule Two

  • A combining vowel is used to link a WR to a suffix that begins with a consonant and to link a WR to another WR to form a compound wordcolon/o + scope = colonscopeosteo/ o/ chondr/ itis = osteochondritis


Defining medical words
Defining Medical Words

  • First, define the suffix or ending

  • Second, define the prefix, or beginning

  • Third, define the middle


Pronunciation guidelines
Pronunciation Guidelines

  • Ae and oe

  • c and g

  • e and es

  • ch

  • I

  • pn

  • ps



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