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Maryland 4-H Horsemanship Standards Riding Levels 3 - 4 Kristen M. Wilson University of Maryland Extension Horse Specialist Prepared by: Dr. Amy Burk University of Maryland Extension Horse Specialist Rev. 12/15/09 Riding Testing Schedule Horse Management Horse and Rider Turnout Tack

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Maryland 4-H Horsemanship Standards Riding Levels 3 - 4

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Maryland 4-H Horsemanship Standards Riding Levels 3 - 4

Kristen M. Wilson

University of Maryland

Extension Horse Specialist

Prepared by:

Dr. Amy Burk

University of Maryland Extension Horse Specialist

Rev. 12/15/09


Riding Testing Schedule

  • Horse Management

  • Horse and Rider Turnout

  • Tack

  • Riding

    • English – on the flat

    • English – over fences

    • Western


Horse Management

  • Level 3

    • Discuss precautions for securing a hay bag

    • Apply protective boots, bell boots, and discuss their purpose

    • Demonstrate putting on a blanket

  • Level 4

    • Apply a stable bandage

    • Discuss reasons for longing and safety precautions involved

    • Demonstrate proper attachment of longe line


Horse and Rider Turnout

  • Recognize clean and safe attire and tack

  • Have horse properly groomed

  • Discuss and demonstrate (if possible) the rules of courtesy that should be followed when riding with others in a ring or on the trail (Level 3 only)


Rider Turnout

http://www.wiseways.com/images/bareback.jpg

www.StateLineTack.com

Does Not Meet

Expectations

Exceeds

Expectations

Meets

Expectations


Rider Safety

Improperly Fitting Hat

Jumping Vest

Optional


Horse Turnout

Does Not Meet

Expectations

Meets

Expectations

Exceeds

Expectations


Tack

  • Safe, neat, and properly adjusted tack

  • Level 3 should discuss how to recognize proper fit of tack

  • Level 4 should describe artificial aids and their use


Tack Fit


Unsafe Tack

http://www.newrider.com/Library/Misc_Tips/tack_safety.html


English Saddles

  • English saddle should be worn in English Riding tests

Close

Contact

All Purpose

Dressage

Jumping


Western Saddles should be used in Western Riding tests

Horses should not be jumped in a Western Saddle

Western Saddles

Barrel Racer

All Purpose

Work Saddle


Check Safety and Fit of Accessories

  • Saddle pads

  • Girth

  • Stirrups and leathers

  • Breast plates

  • Martingales


Artificial Aids


Gaits Review for Riding Tests

  • Required Gaits

  • Levels 1 & 2

    • Walk and Trot/Jog

  • Levels 3 & 4

    • Walk, Trot, Canter/Lope

Leaping and Galloping not included..


English

Riding

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship


Western Riding

Rider adjusting her reins

Young horse going in two hands


English Riding Level 3

  • Demonstrate an increase and decrease of speed at the walk and trot

  • Ride without stirrups at the walk and trot

  • 20 meter circles at walk, rising trot, sitting trot, and canter in both directions

  • Demonstrate a halt from walk, trot, and canter on a straightaway

  • USDF Training Level I (Appendix G) with a score of 60% or higher or English Riding Pattern 3 (Appendix C)


Western Riding Level 3

  • Same as English except….

  • Large circles at walk, jog, and lope

  • Pivot the horses front end 45 degrees in both directions

  • Riders must complete the Riding Pattern in Appendix R of Horsemanship Standards manual (candidates may use Training Level I in place of patterns)


20 m Circle – Small Dressage Arena

K

E

H

20 m

A

C

X

F

B

M

40 m


Figure Eight – Small Dressage Arena

K

E

H

20 m

A

C

X

F

B

M

40 m


English Riding Level 4

  • Supplingexerices and discuss benefits for the rider

  • Walk, trot, and canter 20 meter circles (correct bend and simple lead changes to be demonstrated)

  • Moving the horse away from leg at the halt and walk

  • Ride without stirrups at the walk and trot while doing 20m circles in both directions

  • Demonstrate and discuss differences in lengthening and collecting all gaits in both directions

  • Discuss correct distances between trotting and canter poles for horses and ponies

  • USDF Training Level Test 2 (Appendix H) with a score of 60% or higher or English Riding Pattern 4 (Appendix D)


Western Riding Level 4

  • Same as English Riding except for…

  • Complete Western Riding Pattern 4 (Appendix S), or it can be supplemented with USDF Training Level Test 4


Riding Level 4

  • Rider should show basic equitation an be balanced and controlled having an independent position throughout flatwork, developing a light, steady feel of the horse’s mouth


Suppling Exercises


Dressage Scoring

  • Rides are divided into movements (10-14)

  • Each movement is marked separately

  • Scale 0-10 scale

    • 10-excellent; 9-very good; 8-good

    • 7-fairly good; 6-satisfactory; 5-sufficient

    • 4-insufficient; 3-fairly bad; 2-bad; 1-very bad; 0-not executed

  • Must receive > 60% to pass


Western Level 4

Lone Wolf Photos, www.frazmtn.com


English Jumping Level 3

  • Must perform same skills as those in Riding Levels, but in addition:

  • Trot over ground poles followed by a crossrail

  • Jump a course consisting of 5-7 obstacles, in which all fences should be 2 foot verticals


English Jumping Level 4

  • Discuss correct distances for trot and canter poles

  • Perform grid exercises over trotting poles followed by a small fence developing into a small grid not to exceed 2’3”

  • Jump a course consisting of 6-8 obstacles, not exceeding 2’3” in height


Jumping Exercise

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship


Ground Pole Placement

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship


Grid Examples

6 ft

12 ft

6 ft

12 ft

6 ft

6 ft

6 ft

12 ft

6 ft

6 ft

12 ft

12 ft

6 ft

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship


Grid Example - English Level 4

  • Grid exercise not to exceed 2’3”

  • Course of 6-8 jumps at trot or canter not to exceed 2’3”

Premier Equestrian, http://www.dressagearena.net/pages/jump_packages.html


Jumping

Position

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship


SampleCourse

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club

Manual of Horsemanship


Riding Rules and Etiquette

  • Riding alone is discouraged

  • Enclosed ring preferred

  • One horse length between horses

  • Passing is done left shoulder to left shoulder

  • Jumps to be jumped are called out

Deborah Poole “DreamFields.com” http://www.dreamfields.ca/Hymers%20Horse%20Show.gif


References and Resources

  • Approved resources for state contests

  • USPC Manual of Horsemanship: The Basics for Beginners through D Level, by S. E. Harris

  • USPC Manual of Horsemanship: The Intermediate Horsemanship through C Level, by S. E. Harris

  • USPC Manual of Horsemanship: The Advanced Horsemanship Through A Level, by S. E. Harris


Acknowledgements

  • Thanks for assistance to:

    • Rebekah Cosden

      • Development of Horsemanship Levels

    • Meredith Clark

      • Development of Training Materials for Riding Levels

    • Jessica Suagee

      • Development of Examiner Certification Tests


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