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Lecture 01 Artificial Intelligence Topics Introduction Knowledge representation Knowledge reasoning Machine learning Applications Introduction Artificial Intelligence A discipline which studies how to make a system smarter Solving problems by reasoning vs. computation

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Lecture 01 artificial intelligence l.jpg
Lecture 01 Artificial Intelligence

  • Topics

    • Introduction

    • Knowledge representation

    • Knowledge reasoning

    • Machine learning

    • Applications


Introduction l.jpg
Introduction

  • Artificial Intelligence

    • A discipline which studies how to make a system smarter

    • Solving problems by reasoning vs. computation

    • Sustaining service by self-evolution vs. retrofit


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Introduction

  • Knowledge is power

    • Knowledge representation and reasoning

  • Learning is powerhouse

    • Machine learning


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Knowledge Representation

  • Ontological Engineering

    • Ontology

      • Basic concepts about a domain

      • Basic logics about a domain

    • Ontology vs. Knowledge base

    • Ontological inference

      • Reasoning about basic knowledge of a domain

    • Ontology Verification & Validation

      • Correctness

      • Completeness


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Knowledge Reasoning

  • Heuristic search

    • Heuristics

  • First-order predicate logic

    • Formal Resolution

  • Rule-based Reasoning

    • Modus ponens

  • Case-based Reasoning

    • Cases vs. past experience

    • Case adaptation


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Knowledge Reasoning

  • Fuzzy reasoning

    • Fuzzy sets

    • Fuzzy logic

    • Fuzzy knowledge-based systems


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Machine Learning

  • Classification-based Learning

    • Classification: Supervised learning

    • Decision tree

    • Multi-layer perceptrons

    • Learning vector quantization

    • Support vector machine

  • Clustering-based Learning

    • Clustering: Unsupervised learning

    • K-Means

    • Self-organizing feature maps

    • Adaptive resonant theory


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Machine Learning

  • Association rules Mining

    • Associations

    • Mining frequent patterns

    • Mining frequent sequential patterns

  • Reinforcement Learning

    • Rewards

    • Credit assignment


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Applications

  • Intelligent Agents

    • A computing entity (real or virtual) that performs user delegated tasks autonomously

  • Agency

    • legal to do things

      • Delegation-based computation

  • Intelligence

    • able to do things

      • Reasoning

      • Learning


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