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Chapter Eight: Attractions and Entertainment. Learning Objectives. Describe the major classifications of attractions and entertainment in the tourism industry Understand the differences among heritage attractions, commercial attractions, and live entertainment

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Chapter Eight:

Attractions and Entertainment

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Learning objectives
Learning Objectives

  • Describe the major classifications of attractions and entertainment in the tourism industry

  • Understand the differences among heritage attractions, commercial attractions, and live entertainment

  • Identify key marketing, management and financial issues facing attractions and entertainment operations

  • Describe major types of heritage attractions

  • Describe major types of commercial attractions

  • Describe major types of live entertainment alternatives

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Introduction
Introduction

  • People have always traveled to experience the special attraction of distant places

  • Attractions and entertainment (A & E) are only two of many ways we can choose to spend our leisure time

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


A world of opportunities
A World of Opportunities

  • Attractions and entertainments will be grouped into heritage attractions, commercial attractions and live entertainment

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Foundations for understanding attractions and entertainment
Foundations for Understanding Attractions and Entertainment

  • Attractions: Natural locations, or constructed facilities that have a special appeal

  • Entertainment alternatives are usually temporary: Events are always temporary

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Foundations for understanding attractions and entertainment continued
Foundations for Understanding Attractions and Entertainment,continued

  • Seasonality often a major characteristic of demand for attractions

    • Attractions may only operate part of the year

    • Managers try to increase attendance during shoulder or off-season

    • Recruiting, training and retaining employees is a special challenge

    • Cash flow needs to be carefully planned to have funds when operating expenses are incurred

    • Mature travelers and year-round activities are attractive target segments when managers try to boost non-peak seasonal revenues

    • Managers also add complementary activities to try to generate visitors

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Heritage attractions
Heritage Attractions

  • Museums and historical sites

    • Societies display collections of goods to pass important information to future generations

    • Number of museums increasing and come in all shapes and sizes, displaying a vast array of history from art to science

  • Zoos and Aquariums

    • Major attraction during ancient times and still popular today

    • Many zoos are nonprofit preservation societies, but many US operations are for-profit tourist attractions

    • Aquariums have been increasing in number, size and attendance

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Heritage attractions continued
Heritage Attractions, continued

  • Parks and Preserves

    • Dedicated to protecting natural beauty and flora and fauna

    • National parks are most important parks and preserves in the world

    • Funded with government funds and revenues generated through fees and the sale of services and concessions

    • Botanical gardens are a park dedicated to live displays of plants

  • Fairs and Festivals

    • Contain some heritage attractions, commercial attractions and live entertainment

    • Feature food, shows and musical entertainment

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Heritage attractions continued1
Heritage Attractions, continued

  • Fairs & Festivals

    • Food, shows, and musical entertainment can be found at both fairs and festivals

    • Large fairs led to the creation of “World Fair” in 1928

    • Festivals celebrate a variety of occasions and holidays

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Commercial attractions
Commercial Attractions

  • Amusement Parks

    • Evolved from pleasure garden parks

    • Invention of Ferris wheel heightened interest in amusement parks

    • Traveling carnivals an extension of amusement park idea

    • Disneyland’s opening in 1955 ushered in the theme park

  • Theme Parks

    • Theme parks are more planned, simulated environments than amusement parks

    • New rides, food and entertainment are crucial ingredients to park success

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Gaming
Gaming

  • Has become increasingly accessible and popular in North America

  • Five Reasons for the increase

    • Voters have viewed gaming as a voluntary tax

    • More people view gaming as an acceptable gaming activity

    • Retirees are single largest gaming segment

    • Casinos are appealing to segments other than “high rollers”

    • Casinos located near population centers

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Gaming continued
Gaming, continued

  • Four Broad categories of gaming alternatives

    • Traditional, full scale casino

    • Historic, limited-stakes

    • Dockside Casinos

    • Native American Reservation Gaming

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Gaming continued1
Gaming, continued

  • Emerging Gaming Segments

    • High Rollers

    • Day Trippers

    • Low-stakes/New Adopters

    • Family Vacationers

  • Gaming regulated at local, state/provincial and federal level

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Shopping
Shopping

  • Shopping can be part of traveling or the reason for the trip

  • Foreign travelers to U.S. very likely to shop during their visit

  • Many malls are transforming themselves into tourist attractions by adding rides and entertainment attractions

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Live entertainment
Live Entertainment

  • Sporting Activities

    • Long history of the attraction of sports

    • Professional and intercollegiate sporting events draw millions of visitors each year

    • Special sporting events are fought for by host communities to gain the vast revenues generated by attendees

    • Non-Team sporting activities are also important tourist draws

    • Stock Car Racing is the fastest growing spectator sport in the U.S.

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


Live entertainment continued
Live Entertainment, continued

  • Performing Arts

    • Performing arts also has a long history of popularity

    • Classical Performing Arts

      • Live theater

      • Ballet

      • Opera

      • Concerts

      • Symphony

    • Contemporary Performing Arts

      • Contemporary versions of above

      • Comedy shows

      • Musical concerts, band appearances

Cook: Tourism: The Business of Travel, 3rd edition (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458. All Rights Reserved


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