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Historical Development of Humanities What is humanities? A group of extensive disciplines (such as arts, art criticism, literature, film studies, photography, music, history, and philosophy). The humanities is generally considered to include the study of classics, art history and literature.

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What is humanities?

  • A group of extensive disciplines (such as arts, art criticism, literature, film studies, photography, music, history, and philosophy).


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Our definition: of classics, art history and literature.

An institutional tool to gain knowledge that concerns human; this “knowledge” is a rather forceful ideology that has different connotations in different historical eras shaped by various forces yet has the same attempt to humanize man, to make man more man.


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History of humanities of classics, art history and literature.

Medieval

  • In the medieval

    (12th and 13th

    century), humanities

    meant primarily

    philosophy and

    theology.

  • Theology was the

    most prestigious

    area of study.


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The late Middle Ages of classics, art history and literature.

  • Heresies aroused

    (Beginning of skepticism-

    dissatisfaction with church

    as an institution).

  • The starting point of

    humanism (Protagoras:

    "man is the measure of

    all things).


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Renaissance of classics, art history and literature.

  • Humanities in this period included disciplines that would make man’s life richer and more meaningful: the languages and literature of Greece and Rome, fine arts, music, philosophy.


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  • Baldassare Castiglione particularly in both arts and sciences ,

    in his The Book of the

    Courtier (1528), wrote a

    guide to being a polymath,

    describing what makes a

    well rounded person.


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16th century particularly in both arts and sciences

  • By 1535, humanities, which is the study of literae humaniores (greats), became the head of the arts.


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19th century particularly in both arts and sciences

  • Humanities is the key to the history, the thoughts, and the mind of civilized man.


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Recent years particularly in both arts and sciences

  • There is a wave of neglect of the humanities (after the Industrial Revolution, the competition between countries is focused on technology).


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Where does New Humanities particularly in both arts and sciences come from?

  • Historical trend: new academic disciplines are rising because of new social realties are in place


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New Humanities particularly in both arts and sciences

  • The field has become richly theoretically pluralist and increasingly interdisciplinary.

  • What are these larger contexts? Who produces them? Who has access to them? How are they circulated? How can they be interpreted? Where are they located? What values do they espouse?


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