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HEALTH , NUTRITION IN ISLAM BY Dr. Mostafa A. Arafa Associate Professor of Epidemiology High Institute of Public Health Alexandria University, Egypt E-mail mara[email protected] Suggested Readings Islamic Holistic Medicine site for Muslims
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Islamic Holistic Medicine site for Muslims
Health promotion through Islamic lifestyles the Amman declaration
1 - To learn the concept of health and nutrition in Islam
2 - To describe the fundamentals of healthy Islamic life styles and how much they are in accordance with modern life
In Islam the concept of health as demonstrated in Quran and Sunnah (Prophet’s hadith and practices) is that Mankind should sound mentally, physically and socially
The conventional definition of health being the absence of any manifestation of disease and believing that health is a state of complete physical , mental and social well-being, Islam deems this to be a necessary component of faith and of islamic law, which Moslems implemented during their golden age and in so doing provided evidence supporting its applicability .
The important principal in Islam is that the food we consume will have a direct effect on not only our physical bodies but also our souls.
The holy Prophet Muhammad says:
“Stomach is the home of disease. Diet is the main medicine”.
Nutrition doesn’t mean just physical nutrition. Nutritional needs are of the SOUL, of the MIND and lastly of the BODY
Islam has laid down the foundation in Quran and Sunnah for the best approach of of balanced health. This approach is mainly through selection of the best, preventive methods, and staying away from harmful things.
Summary of the main ideas of Islam relating to nutrition and health is presented in the following slides:
“Ye people eat of what is on earth lawful and wholesome” (Quran 2:168)
2 - Muslims are to eat the best food after selecting. Allah says in Quran in surah Al-A’raf (The heights)
“Eat and drink , but waste not excess, for Allah loves not the prodigals” (Quran 7:31)
“ Now send ye then one of you with the money of yours to the town : let him find out which is the best food (to be had)…”
4 - Regarding the idea of moderation through diet, it is mentioned in Surah Taha
“Eat of the good things we have provided for your sustenance, but commit no excess therein”
5 - In another approach, Islam demands from its followers the idea of total Abstinence of food and drinks for one whole month from dawn to sunset. Fasting increases productivity and curbs inflation. Allah says in the Quran in Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow):
“ O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that ye may learn self restraint.” i.e. to have Taqwa
With regards to fasting, the prophet Muhammed (PBUH) said:
“ fast (the month of ramadan) so as to heal your bodies from diseases”