Roman Gladiators Modern Stereotypes Thumbs Down! Jean-Léon Gérôme. “Police Verso” (“Thumbs Down”), 1872 Types of Evidence Literary (Mahoney) Material Artistic Representations Artifacts (Equipment) Tombstones Inscriptions
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Jean-Léon Gérôme. “Police Verso” (“Thumbs Down”), 1872
Terracotta Figurine of a Gladiator in the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art
Roman, 1st-2nd century ADAccession # 10.210.78
Juvenal. Satire 3.34-37
The one-time horn players, traveling to municipal arenas, their puffed-out cheeks known in all the little towns, are now putting on their on munera, and when the crowd gives the order with upturned thumb, they kill just as the people want.
Originally in a Roman seaside villa
Now in Archaeological Musuem
Fragment of a Relief Showing Gladiators in the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art
Roman, 1st-3rd century ADRecorded ca. 1880 in the Vigna Aquari in Rome.Accession # 57.11.
Gladiator cup Metropolitan Museum of Art , ca. 50–80 A.D.; Neronian–Early FlavianicRoman; Found at Montagnole, southern France
Now in New York Metropolitan Museum of Art
Glass; H. 2 7/8 in. (7.3 cm), Diam. 3 1/8 in. (7.9 cm)Gift of Henry G. Marquand, 1881 (81.10.245)