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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS). A National Approach to Surveying for Exotic Species. John Bowers, Ph.D. National Survey Coordinator Emergency & Domestic Programs USDA APHIS PPQ Riverdale, MD. Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS).

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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

A National Approach to Surveying for Exotic Species

John Bowers, Ph.D.

National Survey Coordinator

Emergency & Domestic Programs

USDA APHIS PPQ

Riverdale, MD


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • Conducts science-based national and state surveys

  • Targeted at specific exotic plant pests

    • insects, pathogens, and weeds

  • Identified as threats to U.S. agriculture and/or the environment


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • Domestic survey program

  • Line of defense behind port inspections

  • Focus on exotic pests

    • Not native, widely distributed or established pests

    • Not PPQ Program pests


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • A program focused on the early detection of exotic plant pests

  • Pests and pathogens not yet present in the U.S., or a very limited distribution

  • Potential to have a high impact if established

    • environmental or economic consequences


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • Conduct surveys for pests and pathogens we hope we do not find, and should not be here

  • Negative data is very important

  • Potential to facilitate trade (ISPM Standards)

    • pest-free areas

    • pest-free areas of productions


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • CAPS has come to mean many things for many people

  • It is an acronym that rolls off the tongue very easily

  • Has taken on a wide, umbrella-like meaning


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • CAPS is not a cooperative agreement program

    • Uses cooperative agreements to distribute funds to state cooperators

  • CAPS is not an umbrella program

    • Not all cooperative agreements are CAPS agreements

  • Depends on funding source


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • USDA

    • APHIS

      • Plant Protection & Quarantine (PPQ)

        • Emergency & Domestic Programs

          • Pest Detection

            ○CAPS

            Funded through the Pest Detection line item


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • Specific program that uses the cooperative agreement vehicle to distribute funds

  • Other domestic programs also use cooperative agreements to fund surveys

    • These are not CAPS program surveys

    • Funded through other means or other line items


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • It will be increasingly important to distinguish and track surveys and work completed with Pest Detection funds separate from surveys and work completed with other funds!

    • Performance measures

    • Congressional inquiries

    • Accountability


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • Need to track funding source to work accomplished, reports, and data entry

    • Identify the funding source of the data record in NAPIS or PHIS/ISIS

  • CAPS transitioning from NAPIS to PHIS/ISIS as the database for survey records

    • Need to change the cooperative agreement for 2011/2012


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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)

  • Work plan development & submission

  • Module in PHIS to facilitate drafting and submitting work plans to the Regions

  • Submit to the Agreements Staff as a final draft agreed upon by PPQ and the State

  • States interested in electronic agreements


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From CAPS

To Farm Bill


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2008 Farm Bill

  • Food Conservation and Energy Act of 2008

  • Section 10201: Plant Pest and Disease Management and Disaster Prevention

  • Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to make available Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) funds for:


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2008 Farm Bill – Section 10201

  • Early pest detection and surveillance

  • Threat identification and mitigation of plant pests and diseases

  • Technical assistance in the development and implementation of audit-based certification and nursery plant pest risk management systems


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2008 Farm Bill – Section 10201

  • APHIS Administrator directed PPQ to develop a business and implementation plan to spend these funds

  • Congress inserted language into the Stimulus Bill that authorized APHIS to use CCC funds for Administrative purposes

  • Plan was sent to OMB on 3/23/09

  • Legal authority to spend the money


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2008 Farm Bill – Section 10201

  • $12 million in FY09

  • $45 Million in FY10

  • $50 million in FY11 – FY13

  • Annual money

  • Funds must be obligated by September 30

  • States have one year to spend the funds


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2008 Farm Bill – Section 10201

  • Working with the Agreements staff to streamline the process for 2009

  • Farm Bill was not meant to enhance CAPS surveys, and there are requirements for reports to Congress

  • Farm Bill activities need to be tracked separately from CAPS activities

  • May involve separate work plans and/or agreements


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2008 Farm Bill – Section 10201

  • Implementation Plan is posted on APHIS website

    • Link on the Pest Detection page

  • Email address provided for comments

  • Stakeholder Registry to receive notices

  • APHIS will convene discussions with stakeholders in the next several weeks to ask for input


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