Collective Efficacy. The Impact of Staff Development on Practice. Adapted from research of Bruce Joyce & printed in the NSDC Standards for Staff Development. Self-Efficacy. What is it?.
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Adapted from research of Bruce Joyce & printed in the NSDC Standards for Staff Development.
What is it?
“Self-efficacy is the belief in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the sources of action required to manage prospective situations.”
Attempts to discover how beliefs about effectiveness affect actual performance…
And what researchers have learned is powerful!
Efficacy beliefs determine…
Perception IS reality
“Whether you believe you can do a thing or nor, you are right.”- Henry Ford
What is it?
“Collective efficacy in a school is the perceptions of teachers that the faculty as a whole can execute courses of action required to positively affect student achievement … ”
“in other words, the school sees itself as an effective agent of change.”
“...collective efficacy is achievement?the key organizational variable in facilitating student achievement…it will have the strongest independent influence on achievement.”
Smith, Hoy, & Sweetland, 2001
When collective efficacy is high, teachers in a school -
“…there is strong reason to lead schools in a direction that will systematically develop teacher efficacy; such efforts may indeed be rewarded with continuous growth in not only collective teacher efficacy but also student achievement.” Goddard, Hoy, & Woolfolk Hoy, 2000
“…once established, the collective efficacy of a school is a relatively stable property that requires substantial effort to change.”
Organizational Affective State
These “conclusions are powerful ones that offer great hope to schools struggling to increase student achievement and overcome the association between socioeconomic status and achievement.” Goddard, Hoy, & Woolfolk Hoy, 2000