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California Interscholastic Federation presents. STEROIDS AND SUPPLEMENTS – WHAT WE ALL NEED TO KNOW What You Don’t Know Can Kill! Update August 2005. Monitoring the Future U.S. Department of Health. Anabolic Steroid Use by Students 2003 National Survey Statistics. 8 th 10 th 12 th

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California Interscholastic Federationpresents


What You Don’t Know Can Kill!

Update August 2005

Monitoring the FutureU.S. Department of Health

Anabolic Steroid Use by Students

2003 National Survey Statistics


Ever Used2.5%3.0%3.5%

Calif. Students Estimate15,00014,182

Used past year1.4%1.7%2.1%

Calif. StudentsEstimate8,5058,509

Used past month0.7%0.8%1.3%

Calif. StudentsEstimate4,0025,267

Monitoring the Future

CIF Actual Participation in 2004-2005

Male Participants 386,686

Female Participants278,284


Estimated number of CIF athletes using Steroids based upon national average of:

3.5% use 23,784

2004 Student Survey

Survey California High School Students in March 2004, completed by @issue Consulting Group

Have you ever taken performance enhancing drugs/supplements?

Yes – 11% boys Yes – 5% girls

CIF Athletes 42,03213,711

Do you know of someone else who takes performance-enhancing drugs/supplements?

Yes – 52% boys 33% girls

2004 Student Survey

Survey of California High School Students in March 2004, completed by @issue Consulting Group

Do you, or anyone you know take anabolic steroids?

Yes – 13% boys 10% girls

Are you personally aware of coaches or other sports related staff promoting the use of these substances?

Yes – 18% boys7% girls


Ken CaminitiDied at age 41

Admitted to using steroids during his MVP season.

Kelli White

Stripped of 2002 World Championships Gold Medals – use of steroids

Jason Giambi admits to the use of steroids





Risks include


Hepatitis B, C



Friend/Family 20%

Other Physician 16%

Retail Store 16%

Website/Mail Order 14%

Coach 9%


Athlete 7%

Team Physician 5%

Athletic Trainer 4%

Pro Scout/Agent 3%

Strength Coach 2%

Where Do You Usually Get Your Anabolic Steroids?

2001 NCAA Study of Substance Use Habits of 21,225College Student-athletes.

WebImagesGroups New!NewsFroogle

  • Web Results 1 - 10 of about 1,160,000 for buysteroids. (0.31 seconds) 

  • uysteroids, buysteroids online, buy anabolic steroids online ...buysteroids, buysteroids online, buy anabolic steroids online, buy legal steroids. Best buy home page, Buysteroids. Best buysteroids. - 12k - Cached - Similar | message boards - Boxing - Buysteroids like ......Buysteroids like Dianabol, Sustanon, Decadurabolin, Winstrol. Author: Date: 11-09-04 16:35 Our company sell large number of anabolic


Rapid muscle growth

Acne & cysts– chest, back

Shrinking of the testicles

Breast development

Oily scalp

Rage, anger, hostility and depression


Rapid muscle growth

Acne & cysts

Excessive growth of body hair

Male pattern baldness

Oily scalp

Rage, anger, hostility and depression

Symptoms/Warnings of Steroid Use

Symptoms/Warnings of Steroid Use

Adverse effects of Anabolic Steroids

  • Cardiovascular- lowered HDL, atherosclerosis, hypertension

Recent Pro Wrestling

Deaths associated with

Steroids or hGH

(human growth hormone)

Davey Boy Smith, 39

Curt Henning, 44

Louie “Spiccoli” Mucciolo, 27

Richard “Ravishing Rick Rude” Rood, 40

“Flyin’” Brian Pillman, 35

Source, USA Today 3/12/04

Dietary Supplement Myths

  • “It’s natural”

    so they must be safe

  • Supplements are not drugs

  • Supplements are

    safer than



Other “Natural” Products

  • Nicotine

  • THC (active ingredient in marijuana)

  • Heroin

  • Cocaine

  • Digoxin

  • Many cancer chemotherapeutic drugs






1 androstenediol (1-AD)




Pyruvate and DHA



Chromium Picolinate


Popular “Sports” Nutritional Supplements

Ephedra-free means


New supplement?

The Ephedra


Citrus Aurantium

“Bitter Orange”

Zhi Shi

New Supplement:Citrus Aurantium - “Bitter Orange”

  • Increases metabolic rate

  • Increases caloric expenditure

  • Fat burner

  • Promotes weight loss

  • Increases energy level

  • Mild Stimulant similar to ephedrine

  • Warning label eerily similar to ephedra

“If it takes 10 [pills] to

kill you,

I’ll take 9.”

-Tom Simpson, Tour de France Rider

Died: 1967 of amphetamine overdose

Recent Cycling Drug Deaths:

Marco Patani, 34

Fabrice Salanson, 23

Jose-Maria Jimenez, 32

Example: Caffeine

Recreational: 100 mg in morning cup of coffee

Therapeutic: 100 mg in caffeine/ergotamine

to treat migraine headaches

Ergogenic: 1000 mg to increase mobilization

and strength of contractions

Supplements Banned by NCAA, IOC

  • DHEA

  • Androstenedione

  • Androstenediol

  • 19- Norandrostenedione

  • Nandrolone

  • 19-norandrostenediol

  • metabolites

  • Ma Huang

  • Ephedrine

  • Caffeine Levels > 12-15micrograms/mL

Anabolic Steroid Precursors

Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Precursors Were Sold As Dietary Supplements

President George Bush signs the “Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2004” on Friday, October 22, 2004


“Andro, which is banned in the NFL and other sports but not in baseball, was used by McGwire during the 1998 season when he hit 70 home runs, breaking the single-season record owned by Roger Maris. Andro sales quadrupled after his admission, with teenagers making up many of those consumers.”

Tom Farrey, Senators Want Over-the-Counter Andro Ban, ESPN, Oct 24, 2003

Androstenedione vs. Dianabol (methandrostenolone)

“Androstenedione is one of the strongest, most

potent legal testosterone boosters, capable of raising

testosterone levels up to 600%.

The results of Andro do not compare to Dianabol,

but is much safer for teenagers.

It is also half as cheap as Dianabol.”

Friend 14%

Retail Store 13%

Teammate/Other Athlete 12%

Nutritionist/Dietician 12%

Internet 11%

Parent 9%

Strength Coach 8%

Athletic Trainer 8%

Coach 7%

Other Physician 5%

Team Physician 1%

Where Do Student-Athletes Get Their Dietary Supplements?

-2001 NCAA Study of Substance Use Habits of College Student-athletes of 21,225 athletes.

Why Care about Athletes and Steroids and Supplements?

  • Long Term Health

  • Integrity of the Sport

  • Ethical Fair Play

  • Inaction Alternative?

Steve Bechler 1979 - 2003

Korey Stringer 1974 - 2001

Rashidi Wheeler 1979-2001

Damien H.S. La Verne, CA.

Taylor Hooton

June 10, 1985 – July 15, 2003

Rob Garibaldi

Casa Grande H.S.

Petaluma, CA

Sept. 15, 1978 – Oct. 1, 2002

Efrain Marrero

October 16, 1984 - September 26, 2004

Vacaville, CA

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