centralized vs decentralized revisiting the concept for the national fingerprint file
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Centralized vs. Decentralized –Revisiting the Concept for the National Fingerprint File

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

Centralized vs. Decentralized Revisiting the Concept for the National Fingerprint File - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 235 Views
  • Uploaded on

Centralized vs. Decentralized –Revisiting the Concept for the National Fingerprint File. SEARCH Membership Meeting Washington, DC July 2005. Why Now?. Events leading to the re-examination of the NFF concept Goal of 100% of Texas Offenders Indexed in III Changes at the FBI

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Centralized vs. Decentralized Revisiting the Concept for the National Fingerprint File' - ostinmannual


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
centralized vs decentralized revisiting the concept for the national fingerprint file

Centralized vs. Decentralized –Revisiting the Concept for the National Fingerprint File

SEARCH Membership Meeting

Washington, DC

July 2005

why now
Why Now?

Events leading to the re-examination of the NFF concept

  • Goal of 100% of Texas Offenders Indexed in III
  • Changes at the FBI
  • Proposed policy change in submission to the FBI
  • Examination of NFF statutory requirements
texas submissions to fbi pre 1998
Texas Submissions To FBI Pre – 1998

The Goal

The Exception

Result – Only 30% of Texas arrests submitted to FBI

The Reality

slide5

Texas Submissions To FBI Post – 1998

Livescan submission go directly to AFIS

NIST/ EFTS

Result –100% of Texas arrests submitted to FBI

Hardcopy fingerprint cards are converted to NIST and forwarded to AFIS

slide6

Filling the Pre – 1998 Gaps

Pre-1998 arrest cards are scanned in NIST Type 4 format and indexed by SID and DOA

Image data and arrest data are merged together to produce NIST / EFTS record

Result –100% of Texas offenders eligible to be indexed in III

Arrest data is extracted into NIST Type 2 record formatted and indexed by SID and DOA

Texas CCH

does that account for all texas arrest data
Does That Account For All Texas Arrest Data?

No

  • Non-criterion Offenses
    • The FBI has traditionally accepted only “criterion” offenses.
    • Starting in May 2005, the FBI began retaining non-criteria offenses from some states.
does that account for all texas arrest data9
Does That Account For All Texas Arrest Data?

No

  • Non-criterion Offenses
    • The FBI has traditionally accepted only “criterion” offenses.
    • Starting in May 2005, the FBI began retaining non-criteria offenses from some states.
  • Arrests for which the original fingerprint card no longer exists
    • In the past, if DPS identified a fingerprint against an existing record, the subsequent arrest card would be microfilmed and then destroyed.
    • Subsequent re-arrest fingerprint cards were not available for backfile scanning.
    • Texas DPS proposal for submission of arrest data.
texas dps proposal for submission of arrest data
Texas DPS proposal for submission of arrest data
  • Texas DPS is drafting an APB proposal to allow for the submission of arrest data to the FBI without an accompanying fingerprint card. The proposal would require that:
    • the subject of the arrest submission was biometrically identified by the state submitting the arrest
    • the record the subject was identified with has been identified at the FBI and contains an FNU.
dps proposal
DPS Proposal

SID – TX12345678 DOA – 01/01/1997

DOA – 01/01/1997 DOA – 02/01/1997 DOA – 03/01/1997 DOA – 04/01/1997

Fingerprint Image Retained on 1st Submission

DOA – 01/01/1997 DOA – 02/01/1997 DOA – 03/01/1997 DOA – 04/01/1997

FBI – 1235X SID – TX12345678 DOA – 02/01/1997 DOA – 03/01/1997 DOA – 04/01/1997

$.A Message containing FBI # 1235X

SID – TX12345678 DOA – 01/01/1997

Texas CCH

what does all this have to do with nff
What Does All This Have To Do With NFF?

If the APB and FBI endorse this concept for the enhanced updating of III, that decision could also serve as a catalyst to re-examine the current decentralized NFF concept. This new update concept would support a centralized NFF concept that produces the same major benefit of the current decentralized NFF (enhanced access to CHRI), while allowing the criminal and non-criminal justices communities to realize the benefits of a centralized CHRI database.

advantages of a centralized database
Advantages of a Centralized Database
  • Faster III returns - FBI will not have to wait on NFF states to supply records for responses to inquiries.
  • Greater Non-Criminal Justice Use - Non-CJ users like NICS will be able to have more information with which to make adjudication decisions.
  • Enhanced Homeland Security Use – A centralized file will allow for data mining that can be used in the war on terrorism.
  • Enhanced Quality Control – With a central repository, all fingerprints would be verified twice – once at the state level and once at the FBI. This double verification process will aid in lowering the number of miss identifications.
  • Enhanced Database Quality – IAFIS will have the opportunity to update the quality of the images it stores through an assessment of the images received from the states. Currently, for NFF states, images are only updated based upon the quality determinations made by a dissimilar state AFIS system.
slide14

NFF Definition

It is important to realize that the current version of NFF is just that - a version of an implementation of the National Fingerprint File. USC 42 and 28 CFR define NFF in the same manner:

"National Fingerprint File" means a database of fingerprints, or other uniquely personal identifying information, relating to an arrested or charged individual maintained by the FBI to provide positive identification of record subjects indexed in the III System.

questions
Questions
  • Can NFF be a hybrid of decentralized and centralized databases?
  • Does a centralized NFF implementation fulfill Compact Council requirements for NFF participation?
  • Would this allow states to get rid of their state AFIS?
ad