Solid Waste . Solid waste is broadly categorized into :-Municipal Solid Waste, includes commercial and residential wastes generated in a municipal or notified areas and is governed by the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000. Bio-Medical Waste, means any waste, which generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunisation of human being or animals or in research activities and is governed by the Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998..
2. Solid Waste Solid waste is broadly categorized into :-
Municipal Solid Waste, includes commercial and residential wastes generated in a municipal or notified areas and is governed by the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000.
Bio-Medical Waste, means any waste, which generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunisation of human being or animals or in research activities and is governed by the Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998.
3. Hazardous Waste, means any waste which by reason of any of its physical, chemical, reactive, toxic, flammable, explosive or corrosive characteristics causes danger or is likely to cause danger to health or environment, and is governed by the Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989 and its amendment in 2003.
Electronic Waste, means any waste, which is generated due to product obsolescence and discarded electronic items, and may include data processing, telecommunications or entertainment in private households and businesses.
4. Delhi – Scenario Around 7000 TPD of MSW is generated and is slated to increase due to economic and population growth
500-600 MGD sewage is also generated, which generates organic sludge.
5. Municipal Solid Waste Municipal Solid Waste of Delhi is disposed in following landfill sites:
Bhalswa, GT Road
6. Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) STPs have been installed for treatment of domestic Sewage, that contributes
sludge generation, which is to be considered as solid waste.
Total no. of STPs 17
Installed treatment capacity 2330 MLD
Functional capacity 1547 MLD
Capacity utilization 66.4 %
Consent granted to 4 STPs, during last week.
Existing Sewerage System in Delhi
Trunk Sewers 147 Kms
Peripheral Sewers 1500 Kms
Internal Sewers 4500 Kms
7. Monitoring of the STPs Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) carries out water quality monitoring of STPs in every three months. Following parameters are monitored and compared with their respective standards :-
8. Citizen’s Responsibility for Solid Waste Management Citizens must segregate their garbage, they must be responsible for ensuring that it reaches the dust bins in segregated form, and they must ensure that it is thrown inside the bins.
9. Delhi Degradable Plastic Bag (Manufacture, Sales and Usage) and Garbage (Control) Act, 2000 Use of degradable plastic bags is mandatory for the following institutions / organizations:
All the four stars & five stars hotels categorized by Tourism Department Govt. of India.
All the hospitals with the capacity of equal to or more than 100 beds.
All the restaurants & cafeterias with the capacity of more than 50 seats.
All the sales counters of fruits & vegetables of mother dairy.
All the sales counter of wine.
All the shopping malls.
10. Public Awareness Campaign Govt. of NCT of Delhi through its Environment Department enlightens general public, not throw solid waste into River, Drains and other surface water bodies
Regular advertisements are placed in the National Press for this purpose .
Department of Environment has provided financial assistance to the following RWAs/NGOs for encouraging garbage management at community level :-
Defence Colony RWA
Saraswati Kunj RWA
Society for Environment and Development
All India Women’s Conference
The Vigyan Vijay Foundation
11. Bio-Medical Waste
12. About 8.5 T/Day of BMW is treated in Delhi.
About 7 T/Day of waste is treated on site in major Govt. Hospitals.
Incinerators : 17
Autoclaves : 20
Microwaves : 2
M/s Synergy Waste Management Co. and M/s Biocare Technologies are given authorization by DPCC and about 1.5 T/Day of waste is being treated by these operators.
Status of Management of Bio-Medical Waste
13. BMW Treatment in Delhi
14. Initiatives Taken for effective Management of Bio-Medical Waste Twice a year inspections are conducted in the 100 bedded or more, hospitals which contribute about 70% of the total waste generated.
Air and effluent quality analysis in these major hospitals is done by IIT, Delhi.
Authorisation has been granted to 1365 healthcare establishments.
6800 health care professionals have been trained.
Efforts are being made to ensure that no medical unit in Delhi escapes the responsibilities enjoined upon them for proper storage, treatment and disposal of bio-medical waste generated by it.
15. Identification of HW Generating units: Approximately 2400 hazardous waste generating units have been listed in Delhi.
Quantity of hazardous waste generated in Delhi is approximately 15000 -20000 tonnes / annum.
Estimated quantity of hazardous waste oil / used oil : 3000 KL / annum
Contribution of major hazardous waste generating is through the following activities:
a. Metal Finishing : 68 %
b. Textile Dyeing & Printing : 13 %
c. Casting : 8.0 %
16. Status of CETPs As per Supreme Court’s orders, 15 CETPs were proposed in Delhi.
Entire construction work done by Delhi State Industrial Development Corporation (DSIDC). Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) only monitors water quality of CETPs.
Nine CETPs are functional at present.
As per the EPCA order, construction has been stopped at three CETPs viz. Mohan Co-operative, Okhla Industrial estate & Anand Parbat Industrial Area.
One CETP at Badli Industrial Area is completed, and trial run of machinery is being conducted.
Two CETPs are under construction at Najafgarh Road and Naraina Industrial Area.
DPCC monitors CETPs once in two months.
Consent granted to 3 CETPs during last week.
17. Delhi Government is making all efforts to authorise a private Developer for starting a Treatment, Storage, Disposal Facility for Hazardous Waste at Guman Hera in Delhi.
EIA and public hearing for the Guman Hera site has been conducted.
The resistance of the villagers is on account of the NIMBY concept.
Hon’ble Supreme Court has given clear directions for TSDF facility in each state and the PIL filed by the villagers of the Guman Hera is coming up for hearing on 23rd January, 2007.
Adequate budget provision has been made for creating the TSDF in Guman Hera.
18. DPCC will be authorized to grant authorization under Hazardous Waste Management Rules.
CPCB is finalising its guidelines for storage, collection, treatment and disposal of electronic waste.
These guidelines will become the basis of treatment of electronic waste.
Delhi will be the second state after Karnataka to take a lead in this regard.