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Bullying. Diversity and Climate at UWM : A Campus Conversation March 11, 2011 Brian Altman Dissertator, Urban Education Doctoral Program. Bullying targeting college students:.

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Bullying

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Bullying l.jpg

Bullying

Diversity and Climate at UWM:

A Campus Conversation

March 11, 2011

Brian Altman

Dissertator, Urban Education Doctoral Program


Bullying targeting college students l.jpg

Bullying targeting college students:

“As a student in college you are being bullied when someone who is more powerful than you deliberately and repeatedly tries to hurt you by: (1) attacking you verbally, using harmful words or names; (2) attacking you physically; (3) making obscene gestures towards you; or (4) intentionally isolating you or excluding you from a social group.” (Chappell et al., 2004, p. 57)


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Workplace bullying definition – employees targeted:

“Bullying is defined as repeated and persistent negative acts towards one or more individual(s), which involve a perceived power imbalance and create a hostile work environment(cf. Einarsen, 1996; Hoel & Cooper, 2000; Zapf et al., 1996). Bullying is thus a form of interpersonalaggression or hostile, anti-social behaviour in the workplace.” (Salin, 2003, pp. 1214-1215, italics in original)


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Bullying in Higher Education

  • Students

    • Received more attention after Tyler Clementi tragedy

    • Overall is under-researched (Coleyshaw, 2010)

  • Employees (called workplace bullying)

  • Student to employee (McKay, Arnold, Fratzl, & Thomas, 2008)

  • Instructor to student (Chappell et al., 2004)


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Bullying and College Climate

  • In a study of faculty, instructors, and librarians in Canada: stress, negative emotions, exhaustion, turnover (McKay et al. 2008)

  • Student perceptions of faculty incivility associated with student dissatisfaction with a nursing program and some students indicated feelings of anxiety or depression as a result (Marchiondo, Marchiondo, & Lasiter, 2010)


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National Models

  • This is a new area

  • We don’t really know much about what is effective yet

  • Example of a campus that is ahead of the curve – Westfield State University in Massachusetts:

    • policy

    • workshops (students and employees)

    • consequences

    • reporting processes


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References

Chappell, M., Casey, D., De la Cruz, C., Ferrell, J., Forman, J., Lipkin, R., . . . Whittaker, S. (2004). Bullying in college by students and teachers. Adolescence, 39(153), 53-64.

Coleyshaw, L. (2010). The power of paradigms: A discussion of the absence of bullying research in the context of the university student experience. Research in Post-Compulsory Education, 15(4), 377-386. doi: 10.1080/13596748.2010.526799

Marchiondo, K., Marchiondo, L. A., & Lasiter, S. (2010). Faculty incivility: Effects on program satisfaction of BSN students. Journal of Nursing Education, 49(11), 608-614, doi: 10.3928/01484834-20100524-05

McKay, R., Arnold, D. H., Fratzl, J., & Thomas, R. (2008). Workplace bullying in academia: A Canadian study. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 20, 77-100. doi: 10.1007/s10672-008-9073-3

Salin, D. (2003). Ways of explaining workplace bullying: A review of enabling, motivating and precipitating structures and processes in the work environment. Human Relations, 56(10), 1213-1232. doi: 10.1177/00187267035610003

Westfield State University. (n.d.). Anti-bullying, mobbing, and harassment policy. Retrieved from: http://www.wsc.ma.edu/prospective-students/campus-life/student-handbook/student-life-policies/anti-bullying-mobbing-and-harassment-policy/


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