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Amendments to the U.S. Constitution PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. 1 st Amendment - 1789. Freedom of speech Speak out without fear of persecution Freedom of religion Can be a part of any religious group & don’t have to be a part of any Freedom of press Protects journalists

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Amendments to the U.S. Constitution

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Amendments to the u s constitution l.jpg

Amendments to the U.S. Constitution


1 st amendment 1789 l.jpg

1st Amendment - 1789

  • Freedom of speech

    • Speak out without fear of persecution

  • Freedom of religion

    • Can be a part of any religious group & don’t have to be a part of any

  • Freedom of press

    • Protects journalists

    • Allows them to do their jobs & give opinions that some may not like


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1st Amendment

  • Freedom of assembly

    • Peacefully assemble

  • Freedom of petition

    • To say to the government “This isn’t not fair!”


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2nd Amendment

  • Citizens have the right to own guns.


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3rd Amendment

  • Citizens do not have to house soldiers.


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4th Amendment

  • In order to search someone’s things or person, the government must have probable cause.

    • Probable cause - legitimate reason or some type of proof.

  • In order to search, a court must issue a warrant.

    • Warrant – permission to search


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5th Amendment

  • You can’t be put on trial for the exact same crime twice.

  • The government must follow correct procedures to accuse or search a person.

  • A person does not have to answer a question if it will make them look guilty –

    • “I plead the 5th!”


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6th Amendment

  • Any person who is accused of a crime should get a speedy trial by a jury.

  • That person can have a lawyer during the trial & must be told what they are being accused of.

  • The person can call witnesses & question the other side’s witnesses.


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7th Amendment

  • A trial jury is needed in civil cases.


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8th Amendment

  • The government cannot require excessive bail or fines, or any cruel and unusual punishment.


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9th Amendment

  • Says that the listing of individual rights in the Constitution & Bill of Rights does not include all of the rights of the people & the states.


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10th Amendment

  • Any powers that the Constitution does not give to the United States belongs to the states and the people.

  • This does not include powers that the Constitution says the states cannot have.


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11th Amendment - 1795

  • Immunity of states from lawsuits by out-of-state citizens & foreigners not living within the state borders.


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12th Amendment - 1804

  • Changed how Presidents ran for office.

  • Presidents & Vice Presidents were voted for separately.


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13th Amendment - 1865

  • Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist in the United States.


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14th Amendment - 1868

  • Citizenship is given to ANYONE born in the United States.

  • Equal protection under the law

  • Eliminated 3/5ths Compromise


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15th Amendment - 1870

  • All men were given the right to vote.


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16th Amendment – 1913

  • The federal government was given the right to tax our incomes.


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17th Amendment - 1913

  • Direct election of Senators

    • People in the states would elect the Senators instead of them being appointed by the state legislatures


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18th Amendment - 1919

  • Prohibition – no making, selling, or purchasing alcohol.

  • Drinking???


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19th Amendment - 1920

  • WOMEN were given the right to vote!!


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20th Amendment - 1933

  • Moved the Presidential inauguration from March to January.


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21st Amendment - 1933

  • Repealed the 18th Amendment

  • Allowed alcohol


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22nd Amendment - 1951

  • Presidents can only be elected to two terms of office.


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23rd Amendment - 1961

  • Washington, D.C. is given 3 votes in the Electoral College.

    • They can vote for President.


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24th Amendment - 1964

  • Poll taxes are not allowed.


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25th Amendment - 1967

  • If the President dies, the Vice President takes over.

  • Then he/she gets to select a new Vice President.


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26th Amendment - 1971

  • 18 year olds can vote!


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27th Amendment - 1992

  • Congress can give itself a raise, but it won’t take effect until a new Congress starts.

    • New one every 2 years.


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