amendments to the u s constitution
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Amendments to the U.S. Constitution

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Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. 1 st Amendment - 1789. Freedom of speech Speak out without fear of persecution Freedom of religion Can be a part of any religious group & don’t have to be a part of any Freedom of press Protects journalists

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1 st amendment 1789
1st Amendment - 1789
  • Freedom of speech
    • Speak out without fear of persecution
  • Freedom of religion
    • Can be a part of any religious group & don’t have to be a part of any
  • Freedom of press
    • Protects journalists
    • Allows them to do their jobs & give opinions that some may not like
1 st amendment
1st Amendment
  • Freedom of assembly
    • Peacefully assemble
  • Freedom of petition
    • To say to the government “This isn’t not fair!”
2 nd amendment
2nd Amendment
  • Citizens have the right to own guns.
3 rd amendment
3rd Amendment
  • Citizens do not have to house soldiers.
4 th amendment
4th Amendment
  • In order to search someone’s things or person, the government must have probable cause.
    • Probable cause - legitimate reason or some type of proof.
  • In order to search, a court must issue a warrant.
    • Warrant – permission to search
5 th amendment
5th Amendment
  • You can’t be put on trial for the exact same crime twice.
  • The government must follow correct procedures to accuse or search a person.
  • A person does not have to answer a question if it will make them look guilty –
    • “I plead the 5th!”
6 th amendment
6th Amendment
  • Any person who is accused of a crime should get a speedy trial by a jury.
  • That person can have a lawyer during the trial & must be told what they are being accused of.
  • The person can call witnesses & question the other side’s witnesses.
7 th amendment
7th Amendment
  • A trial jury is needed in civil cases.
8 th amendment
8th Amendment
  • The government cannot require excessive bail or fines, or any cruel and unusual punishment.
9 th amendment
9th Amendment
  • Says that the listing of individual rights in the Constitution & Bill of Rights does not include all of the rights of the people & the states.
10 th amendment
10th Amendment
  • Any powers that the Constitution does not give to the United States belongs to the states and the people.
  • This does not include powers that the Constitution says the states cannot have.
11 th amendment 1795
11th Amendment - 1795
  • Immunity of states from lawsuits by out-of-state citizens & foreigners not living within the state borders.
12 th amendment 1804
12th Amendment - 1804
  • Changed how Presidents ran for office.
  • Presidents & Vice Presidents were voted for separately.
13 th amendment 1865
13th Amendment - 1865
  • Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist in the United States.
14 th amendment 1868
14th Amendment - 1868
  • Citizenship is given to ANYONE born in the United States.
  • Equal protection under the law
  • Eliminated 3/5ths Compromise
15 th amendment 1870
15th Amendment - 1870
  • All men were given the right to vote.
16 th amendment 1913
16th Amendment – 1913
  • The federal government was given the right to tax our incomes.
17 th amendment 1913
17th Amendment - 1913
  • Direct election of Senators
    • People in the states would elect the Senators instead of them being appointed by the state legislatures
18 th amendment 1919
18th Amendment - 1919
  • Prohibition – no making, selling, or purchasing alcohol.
  • Drinking???
19 th amendment 1920
19th Amendment - 1920
  • WOMEN were given the right to vote!!
20 th amendment 1933
20th Amendment - 1933
  • Moved the Presidential inauguration from March to January.
21 st amendment 1933
21st Amendment - 1933
  • Repealed the 18th Amendment
  • Allowed alcohol
22 nd amendment 1951
22nd Amendment - 1951
  • Presidents can only be elected to two terms of office.
23 rd amendment 1961
23rd Amendment - 1961
  • Washington, D.C. is given 3 votes in the Electoral College.
    • They can vote for President.
24 th amendment 1964
24th Amendment - 1964
  • Poll taxes are not allowed.
25 th amendment 1967
25th Amendment - 1967
  • If the President dies, the Vice President takes over.
  • Then he/she gets to select a new Vice President.
26 th amendment 1971
26th Amendment - 1971
  • 18 year olds can vote!
27 th amendment 1992
27th Amendment - 1992
  • Congress can give itself a raise, but it won’t take effect until a new Congress starts.
    • New one every 2 years.
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