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DRIVING PowerPoint PPT Presentation

DRIVING TASK: Discuss winter driving, effects of adverse weather on equipment, maintenance, driving techniques, and risk assessments CONDITION: Classroom environment STANDARD : IAW AR 600-55 37th TRANSCOM WINTER KICK BAG

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DRIVING

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DRIVING


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TASK: Discuss winter driving, effects of adverse

weather on equipment, maintenance,

driving techniques, and risk assessments

CONDITION: Classroom environment

STANDARD:IAW AR 600-55


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37th TRANSCOM WINTER KICK BAG

The following are the minimum requirements:

Arctic Sleeping Bag

Wet Weather Gear

Gortex/Field Jacket

Wool Blanket

Wet Weather Bag

Gloves with Inserts

Overshoes


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37

37

37

37

66-10

AM GENERAL

T

T

T

T

T

COLD WEATHER CARE OF YOUR EQUIPMENT

Warm your engine, but don’t……

race it!

Clean the vehicle completely!

Lights, windows, and mirrors

Good all around visibility is the first step to safe

winter driving

Remove all snow and ice off the vehicle


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MAINTENANCE & CHECKS

LIGHTS

HEATERS & DEFROSTERS

CHECK DAILY

FLUID LEVELS

CAN WEDGE REAR OF HOOD

OPEN TO AID IN DEFROSTING

CHECK ANTIFREEZE AT REGULAR

INTERVALS-AT LEAST 2x YEAR

WIPERS

TIRES

WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID IS FULL

PERSONAL GEAR

COOLING SYSTEM

SERVICEABLE & ON HAND

CORRECT MIX FOR TEMPERATURE

CHECK HOSES/FITTINGS

EXHAUST SYSTEM

CARBON MONOXIDE-CO

BATTERIES


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CARBON MONOXIDE

FACT: 1,500 people are killed yearly in the U.S. by Carbon

Monoxide and more than 10,000 are exposed to levels so

dangerous, medical attention is required

What effects does CO have on a person?

Nausea

Dizziness

Makes you sleepy

Too much could be fatal

In order to prevent Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, ensure:

Never run engine with windows up, leave one cracked while driving

Check exhaust daily for leaks


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MAINTENANCE TIPS

Proper maintenance habits are even more critical in cold weather!!

When performing PMCS, DO NOT touch metal with your

bare

When climbing on vehicles, use extreme caution

use 3 points of contact

Why should you keep the fuel tanks as full as possible?

To keep moisture from condensing inside the fuel lines

Filter the fuel through a Chamois to remove water


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BLACK ICE!!!!

Be careful because you can’t see it.

Where might you find it?

Bridges and overpasses

Shaded areas

Once it finds you, what should you do or not do?

DO

DO NOT

Ease off the accelerator

PANIC!

Steer in the same direction

as the back end is skidding

Make any sudden changes

in speed or direction


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37

37

37

37

37

37

37

37

66-10

66-10

AM GENERAL

AM GENERAL

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

RULES OF THUMB

4 SECONDS

6 SECONDS

PROPER DISTANCE IS A MUST!


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FOG

FOG

37

37

37

37

66-10

AM GENERAL

T

T

T

T

T

Use low beam headlights

If the fog is too dense, stop and wait


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FRONT END SKID

Release the brake & let the front wheels roll freely to regain

traction and steering control

REAR END SKID

- Take your foot off the accelerator

- Turn wheels in the direction the rear end is skidding

- Pump brakes slightly

What may result from a skid is a ACCIDENT


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DEFENSIVE DRIVING TECHNIQUES

Drive at reduced

speeds so you can

stop quicker

Safety

Use your turn signals

sooner to give other

drivers more time

to react

Brake sooner

to warn of your

intention to stop

Maintain at least 3x

the normal following

distance


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GREEN

AMBER

RED

BLACK

RISK ASSESSMENT

Factors to consider:

Amount of experience

Well rested

Self Discipline

Dual Driver

Mission priority

Road Conditions

Road type (Autobahn vs. Secondary)

Road Conditions:


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RISK ASSESSMENT

Unrestricted vehicle dispatches. Ideal road, visibility,

and temperature conditions exist. Drivers will observe

normal precautions and speed limits.

GREEN

Ideal road, visibility and temperature do not exist. Increased

driving times, hazardous road conditions and driver experience

will be considered. Company Commanders will authorize

dispatches for their vehicles.

AMBER

Only mission essential vehicle dispatches are authorized. Dispatch

will be marked “mission and emergency essential.” Battalion

Commanders may authorize dispatch of vehicles. Risk assessment

will be conducted for each mission.

RED

Only emergency essential vehicles are authorized. Dispatch will

be marked “emergency essential.” Brigade Commanders may

authorize dispatch of their vehicles. Risk assessment will be

completed before dispatch.

BLACK


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RISK ASSESSMENT

Road

Condition

Road

Surface

Snow

Depth

Snow

Ice

Visibility

Temperature

None or

blowing

powder

Above 35F

(+2C)

More than

50 m

Dry

None

None

Between 30F (-1C)

- 35F (+2C)

Patches *

Black Ice *

Slush *

Between

20 - 50 m *

Less than

4 inches *

Packed *

Slush *

Wet

Between

4 - 8

inches *

Between

15 - 20 m *

Between 10F (-12C)

- 30F (-1C)

Flooded *

Drifting *

Sheet Ice *

Less than

10F (-12C)

More than

8 inches *

Less than

15 m *

Heavily

Flooded *

Heavy

Drifting *

Extreme

Sheet Ice *

**When one or more of the road conditions marked with an asterisk are present, the

corresponding road condition status most be declared.


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COLD HARD FACTS OF WINTER DRIVING

Cold weather greatly affects the operating performance of your

equipment

Winter weather presents unique hazards

Black Ice

Snow & Slush

Fog

Hills & Grades

We can prevent accidents with constant training and safety

awareness

Remember:

Slow down

Adjust to conditions

Following distances

Intervals

SAFETY!!!


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