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Production Environment: The Studio PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Production Environment: The Studio. Production Environment: The Studio. The Video Production Studio The Studio Control Room Master Control Studio Support Areas Scenery, Properties, and Set Dressings Set Design. The Video Production Studio Design Functions. Multi Camera Productions

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Production Environment: The Studio

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Production environment the studio

Production Environment: The Studio

COM 112 TV Production


Production environment the studio1

Production Environment: The Studio

The Video Production Studio

The Studio Control Room

Master Control

Studio Support Areas

Scenery, Properties, and Set Dressings

Set Design

COM 112 TV Production


The video production studio design functions

The Video Production StudioDesign Functions

Multi Camera Productions

Teamwork

Optimum Single Camera Productions

Generally Large and Rectangular

Smooth Floors, High Ceilings

COM 112 TV Production


Video production studio layout

Video Production Studio Layout

Size – Big Productions generally require larger studios which are harder to manage.

All scenic design must be based on useable floor space

COM 112 TV Production


Floor and ceiling

Floor and Ceiling

Requires Hard, Level, Even Floor, (often concrete)

Must have adequate ceiling height for lighting grid and instruments and 10 foot scenery

Most professional studios have 30 foot ceilings or more.

COM 112 TV Production


Doors walls air conditioning

Doors – Walls – Air Conditioning

Doors should be oversized to allow furniture, scenery and equipment movement

Walls and Ceiling should be sound absorbing treated

Should accommodate a cyclorama

Air Conditioning must be of capacity to handle heat from lighting and should be baffled to eliminate noise

COM 112 TV Production


Major installations

Major Installations

Lights – Suspended from Grid and Controlled by Dimmer

Electrical Outlets – Should be several groups of outlets spaced through out studio.

Intercommunication System – P.L. (Private Line and I.F.B. (Interruptible Feedback)

Monitors – Need at least large floor monitor

Studio Speakers – Used to hear music, sfx and director directions.

COM 112 TV Production


The studio control room

The Studio Control Room

Separated from studio.

Sometimes adjacent to studio (not always)

Contains video control equipment and production decision makers

Director – Producer – Technical Director –

C.G. Operator – Audio Engineer –

Video Engineer – Lighting Director – Other associates

Views Studio via Monitors

COM 112 TV Production


Image control

Image Control

Equipment necessary for selection, sequence and coordination of video/audio

Video Monitors – for each individual video source

Viewed by Director and Technical Director to decide on shots taken and sequence of shots

Intercom – Allow voice communication to each key production person and talent

COM 112 TV Production


Image control1

Image Control

Program Sound (the audio part of image)

Director must hear the audio associated with pictures (video)

COM 112 TV Production


Sound control

Sound Control

Audio Booth - Sometimes separated from control room to allow audio engineer to hear program material clearly. Usually with visual contact to control room.

Contains audio board, patch bays, CD players, DAT player/recorders, and other audio processing equipment

Allows headphone and speaker monitoring.

COM 112 TV Production


Master control

Master Control

The heart of a broadcast/production facility.

Control of CCUs, Video Tape, Digital Video Units, Electronic Still Store, etc.

Oversight of all broadcast operations.

COM 112 TV Production


Studio support areas

Studio Support Areas

Scenery and Property Storage – organization of items for easy retrieval

Make Up - Needs both 3,200 K and 5,600 K lighting

Scenery, Properties, and Set Dressings – Should stand up to close up camera view

COM 112 TV Production


Scenery standard set units

Scenery – Standard Set Units

Softwall flats – freestanding unit provides background and simulates a wall. Muslin or cloth surface on 1” x 3” frame.

Hardwall flats – Typically specific to a production and may not be standard size. Main surface is plywood or fiberboard.

COM 112 TV Production


Scenery standard set units1

Scenery – Standard Set Units

Set modules – Series of hard wall flats and 3 dimensional set pieces with matching dimensions. Can be assembled horizontally and/or vertically for variation.

Seamless paper and painted drops – Background scenery with continuous look. Typically a neutral background. Painted drops are rolls of paper or canvass with realistic background scenes. (I.E. an outdoor scene)

COM 112 TV Production


Scenery standard set units2

Scenery – Standard Set Units

Special set pieces – free standing 3 dimensional units (see text fig 14.13)

Platforms – Units to elevate the talent on set – 6 to 8 inches high. Keeps talent on even eye level with camera and avoids the viewer looking down at the talent or scene.

Wagons are mobile platforms.

COM 112 TV Production


Properties

Properties

Set Props – furniture

Hand Props –handled by the talent, I.E. telephones, books, magazines, dishes.

COM 112 TV Production


Set dressings

Set Dressings

Give atmosphere and individuality to the scene

Items such as:

CurtainsPicturesSculpture

PostersLampsIndoor plants

Desk itemsBookshelves

Should be realistic and stand up to the “close up shot

COM 112 TV Production


Set design

Set Design

Establishes the environment for the TV Production

Guided by the “process message” (what is the intent of the production

COM 112 TV Production


Floor plan a diagram of scenery and set properties

Floor Plan – A diagram of Scenery and Set Properties

Usually drawn with superimposed lighting grid

Usually drawn to scale: ¼”=1’

Shows an overhead view

Must provide adequate camera movement and access

Must allow for appropriate lighting

COM 112 TV Production


Prop list and floor plan use

Prop List and Floor Plan Use

Productions need itemized prop list to assure availability when needed

The Floor Plan becomes the blue print for building your set

COM 112 TV Production


Evaluating the floor plan

Evaluating the Floor Plan

Are all entries to scale, if not, actual proportion is lost

Are adequate lighting angles allowed

Can camera movement be achieved

Is acceptable audio possible

Productions must allow for talent and camera movement, proper lighting and acceptable audio.

COM 112 TV Production


Points to remember

Points to Remember

Video Production Studios should allow multi-camera productions and teamwork by providing:

Sufficient Floor SpaceSmooth Floor

Adequate Ceiling Height for Lighting

Large DoorsAcoustically Treated Walls

Relatively Quiet Air Conditioning

COM 112 TV Production


Points to remember1

Points to Remember

Major studios have:

Lighting Grid or Movable Battens

Plenty of Wall Outlets

Intercommunication Systems

Studio Video Monitors

Studio Speakers

COM 112 TV Production


The video production studio design functions1

The Video Production StudioDesign Functions

Multi Camera Productions

Teamwork

Optimum Single Camera Productions

Generally Large and Rectangular

Smooth Floors, High Ceilings

COM 112 TV Production


Points to remember2

Points to Remember

The Control Room design should allow coordination of a total production.

Typical Control Room Areas:

Image Control w/ switcher, C.G. Monitor banks, intercom lines, & lighting board

Sound Control w/ mixing console, playback and processing equipment

COM 112 TV Production


Points to remember3

Points to Remember

Master Control Functions:

Quality Check

Program Input’

Program Storage

Program Retrieval

COM 112 TV Production


Points to remember4

Points to Remember

Studio Support Areas

Scenery and Property Storage

Makeup and Dressing Rooms

COM 112 TV Production


Points to remember5

Points to Remember

Scenery

Softwall and Hardwall Flats

Cyclorama and Drops

Set Pieces

Platforms and Wagons

Properties

Furniture and other set props

Hand Props

Set Dressings

COM 112 TV Production


Key concepts

Key Concepts

The Studio Provides Maximum Production Control

The Control Room should coordinate the studio production process

A reliable and flexible intercom system is essential for effective teamwork in multicamera studio productions

The director and TD must sit next to each other in the control room

COM 112 TV Production


Key concepts1

Key Concepts

Master Control checks the technical quality of all programs and facilitates program input, storage and retrieval

Scenery must create a certain environment and allow optimal lighting, audio pickup and camera movement

COM 112 TV Production


Key concepts2

Key Concepts

Properties and set dressings determine the character and style of the environment

The floor plan – a diagram of scenery and set props – shows setup requirements and facilitates pre production planning

COM 112 TV Production


The video production studio design functions2

The Video Production StudioDesign Functions

Multi Camera Productions

Teamwork

Optimum Single Camera Productions

Generally Large and Rectangular

Smooth Floors, High Ceilings

COM 112 TV Production


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