13.1 Compound Interest. Simple interest – interest is paid only on the principal Compound interest – interest is paid on both principal and interest, compounded at regular intervals
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Simple interest – interest is paid only on the principal
Compound interest – interest is paid on both principal and interest, compounded at regular intervals
Example: a $1000 principal paying 10% simple interest after 3 years pays .1 3 $1000 = $300If interest is compounded annually, it pays .1 $1000 = $100 the first year, .1 $1100 = $110 the second year and .1 $1210 = $121 the third year totaling $100 + $110 + $121 = $331 interest
Example: Bob Kashir deposited $6000 in a 4-year certificate of deposit paying 5% compounded daily. He withdrew the money 15 months later. The passbook rate at his bank is 3½ % compounded daily. Find his amount of interest.Bob receives 15-3 = 12 months of 3.5 % interest compounded daily
Given a principal of $12,000 with a compound amount of $17,631.94 and interest rate of 8% compounded annually, what is the time period in years?From Appendix D table pg 805( i = 8%) we find that n = 5 years
Example:Given an investment of $13200, compound amount of $22680.06 invested for 8 years, what is the interest rate if interest is compounded annually?From Appendix D table pg 803( i = 7%) we find that for n=8, column A = 1.71818… so i = 7%.
Example: For S = $21,000, payments (R) of $1500 at the end of each 6-month period i = 10% compounded semi-annually. Find the minimum number of payments to accumulate 21,000.Trying different values for n, the expression goes over 14 when n = 11 (Exact value = 4.20678716(1500)=$21310.18)
Example: Kashundra Jones plans to make a lump sum deposit so that she can withdraw $3,000 at the end of each quarter for 10 years. Find the lump sum if the money earns 10% per year compounded quarterly.
Example: A retirement benefit of $12,000 is to be paid every 6 months for 25 years at interest rate of 7% compounded semi-annually. Find (a) the present value to fund the end-of-period retirement benefit. ): (b) the end-of-period semi-annual payment needed to accumulate the value in part (a) assuming regular investments for 30 years in an account yielding 8% compounded semi-annually.
Rule of 78 (sum-of-the-balances method)Note (1+2+3+…+12) – sum of the month numbers adds up to 78 … used to derive the formula.U = unearned interest, F = finance charge, N = number of payments remaining, and P = total number of payments