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Chapter Three. What was the traditional structure of a Puritan “godly” family? What affect did moving to the American colonies as part of an intact family unit have on those that moved and the communities they created? What was New England’s population by the end of the 1600s?

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Chapter three
Chapter Three

  • What was the traditional structure of a Puritan “godly” family?

  • What affect did moving to the American colonies as part of an intact family unit have on those that moved and the communities they created?

  • What was New England’s population by the end of the 1600s?

  • What enabled this impressive population growth?

  • How were marriages initiated in seventeenth-century New England communities?

  • Why did most people marry?

  • What was a young family’s primary goal?


  • What was the policy of the Massachusetts General Court on public education?

  • What affect did this have on the population?

  • What roles did New England women play within the family?

  • Why were they often referred to as “deputy husbands”?

  • Why did women join churches in greater numbers than men in New England?

  • What political and legal rights did women have in New England?

  • Why did most women, and men, not object to their familial roles?


  • Whom did most New Englanders view as natural rulers? public education?

  • What was the economic status of most New England men in the seventeenth century?

  • Why did many New Englanders work as servants early in their lives?

  • Why were most of the immigrants to Virginia and Maryland young and single?

  • What was the ratio of men to women in the Chesapeake in the early 1600s?

  • What was the average life expectancy for a man in the Chesapeake region? Why?

  • Why was it difficult for the colonies to create a self-sustaining population?


  • How did the high mortality rates affect families in the Chesapeake?

  • How did the lack of women affect their ability to marry?

  • How did the creation of a tobacco based economy promote inequality within society?

  • Describe the roles and positions of the “great planters” in Virginia’s society.

  • Who were the freemen of Chesapeake society and how did they come to be?

  • Why was life tough for indentured servants?

  • Why was the growth of a “creole majority” important?

  • What were some of the reasons for the marked differences between New England and Chesapeake colonial societies?


  • When did African Americans first arrive in Virginia? What was their place in society?

  • Why did Virginians not give much thought to creating laws regulating slavery through the middle of the seventeenth century?

  • Why was the use of slave labour desirable to Virginia planters?

  • How did they rationalize the practice of owning and forcing other humans to perform manual labour?

  • Why did laws regarding slavery become stricter and more clearly defined as time passed?

  • Why was contact between blacks and whites more common in areas where whites made up a greater proportion of the population?


  • What were the advantages and disadvantages of being a slave on a rice plantation compared with being a slave in a northern city?

  • What demographic change occurred within the slave population in the early 1700s?

  • How did the fear of slave revolts affect the white planters? Was the fear justified?

  • What was mercantilism?

  • What was the Navigation Act of 1660?

  • What were its stipulations regarding ship construction and cargo destination?

  • Why did Americans have to pay import duties in England? Was this fair?


  • Did Americans appreciate the tight restrictions on American exports?

  • Why did the economy of Virginia go into decline in the late 1600s?

  • Who was Nathaniel Bacon?

  • What was Bacon’s Rebellion?

  • How did the rebellion end and did it really accomplish anything?

  • How did the enforcement of the Navigation Acts create tensions in the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

  • What did the Court of the Chancery do in 1684 that changed the nature of the colony?

  • What was King Philip’s War?

  • Who was Sir Edmund Andros and why did people hate him?


  • How did England’s Glorious Revolution lead to New England’s Glorious Revolution of 1689?

  • What changes did the new king, William III bring in for the New England colonies?

  • Why did people in the village of Salem suddenly become terrified of witches in 1691?

  • How many people were executed as result of the witch trials?

  • Who were most often accused of being witches? Why?

  • What brought the witch hunts to an end?

  • Science In History

  • Pressed to Death!

  • You're a Witch!!!


  • What was the nature of the tension between colonists in New York?

  • Who was Jacob Leisler and why was he executed?

  • Review Exercise:

    • In groups of 3 or 4 go over chapters 2 and 3

    • Come up with 5 or 6 questions that could be used in a test

    • Prepare answers for those questions

    • Each group will have the opportunity to ask the class some of their questions and assess how well the other groups respond


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