What is a budget
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What is a Budget?. A budget is a plan that identifies the financial resources required to achieve programmatic objectives. Once constructed, this plan assists staff in managing the program efficiently throughout the year. Planning the Process:.

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What is a Budget?

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What is a budget

What is a Budget?

A budget is a plan that identifies the financial resources required to achieve programmatic objectives. Once constructed, this plan assists staff in managing the program efficiently throughout the year.


Planning the process

Planning the Process:

How long the process takes and who should be involved varies depending on the management style and complexity of the entity. Typically the budgeting process should start four months before the end of the fiscal year to ensure the budget is approved.


Communication of process

Communication of Process:

Clearly communicate responsibilities of staff involved so that information is processed in a timely manner for completion of budget on schedule.

Constant communication throughout the year will also keep Managers or Directors apprised of any issues that are happening that would impede service delivery which could

lead to funding issues or cash flow

issues as well.


Information gathering

Information Gathering:

Once you know what services you are providing you can structure a budget to fit the needs of the clients/participants and the community.

Construct budgets using historical data. Keep in mind any issues that occurred the previous year such as unit reductions or unit increases.

Also drastic increases in

expenses such as vehicle

maintenance or insurances.


Compilation of data

Compilation of Data:

  • Know your two largest expenses-Food & Salaries/Fringe

  • Use of spreadsheets to compile Staff across services

  • Use of Time Studies for staff not program specific to identify percentages per service

  • Use of Production Studies to monitor staff to meal production ratios

  • Cost worksheets prepared monthly to help track cost issues

  • Cost of In-Kind Expenses


Time production studies

Time & Production Studies

  • Time & Production studies should be done several times during the fiscal year, not just at budgeting time.

  • Time studies are performed on staff who are not program specific meaning not employed under a specific program such as a Program Director for FGP.

  • Examples of staff that would perform time studies are In-Home Service Managers & their assistants, Homemakers that perform service across different programs such as Title III & Respite. Also staff that are listed under different contracts such as Adult Day Care that has both Title III and Title XX contracts.

  • Time studies should be performed at different times of the fiscal year to encompass events that might occur during the year with staff.

  • Production studies can be prepared monthly to monitor accurate staffing for nutrition services.


Putting the budget together

Putting the Budget Together:

  • Compile all worksheets

    Salaries/Fringe

    Cost worksheets

  • Know your revenue available per service

  • Prepare Financial Statements per service

  • Present to Board or Municipality for approval


Contacts for guidance

Contacts for Guidance:

  • Non-Metro AAA (Area Agency on Aging)

  • Other Providers in Network

  • Attending all Trainings


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