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Web Hosting By Nick Hotz The internet Components The Process Web Browsers Web servers The Internet The internet is a large connection of computers with protocols that allow computers to interact with one-another.

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web hosting

Web Hosting

By Nick Hotz

The internet

Components

The Process

Web Browsers

Web servers

the internet
The Internet
  • The internet is a large connection of computers with protocols that allow computers to interact with one-another.
  • Some of the computers connected to the internet are connected as service providers.
  • Most computers connected to the internet are connected as personal use computers.
the internet3
The Internet
  • Computers connect to the internet through an ISP (internet service provider)
  • The ISP provides the medium in which the transfer of information occurs.
components
Components
  • The IP address is a number that specifies every computer connected to the internet.
  • Every time a user connects to the internet, the ISP (internet service provider) assigns an IP address to that computer.

IP Address

132.96.212.198

components5
Components
  • Name servers convert domain names into an IP address.
  • We have domain names because remembering a series or numbers is harder than a name.
  • Also IP addresses are constantly changing. And even thought the IP addresses for servers are considered static, they still can change from time to time.

Name Server

components6
Components
  • All servers use a port in order to allow users to connect to the server.
  • Different services like web servers, ftp servers, and e-mail servers are located on different ports.

Ports

components7
Components
  • Internet protocol are rules or a set of guidelines that allow web browsers to interact with web servers.
  • These guidelines are set usually by a program which defines how the interaction between browser and server will occur.

Protocol

the process
The Process
  • The first thing your browser does when you enter the web address of the site you are trying to view, is brake down the URL into three parts:
        • The Protocol
        • The Domain Name
        • The File

The Protocol/ The Domain Name/ The File

(HTTP://) (www.hotzpad.com) (index.html)

the process9
The Process
  • The browser connects with a name server, which then converts the domain name into the appropriate IP address.
  • Now the browser can connect to the server at that IP address on a port.
  • The port for the world wide web is 80.
the process10
The Process
  • The browser connects to the server using the get command.
  • Once connected it uses the protocol specified earlier to locate the File on the server.
  • The server can now send the html file back to the browser.
web browser
Web Browser
  • The web browser allows you to get information from web servers .
  • It also translates the html file it receives into a viewable web page.
web servers
Web Servers
  • There are Registrars that sell domain names and space on there servers for people who want to display information over the web.
  • Another option is to use your own computer as a server with web server software.
questions
Questions
  • How many people in the class have a web site?
  • How many people in the class have their own domain name?
  • Does anyone in the class run their own server?
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