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Intelligent Software Agent Technology USPACOM Success with Virtual Information Processing Agent Research (VIPAR) at the Virtual Information Center PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Intelligent Software Agent Technology USPACOM Success with Virtual Information Processing Agent Research (VIPAR) at the Virtual Information Center Thomas E. Potok, Ph.D. Applied Software Engineering Research Group Leader Computational Sciences and Engineering Division

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Intelligent Software Agent TechnologyUSPACOM Success with Virtual Information Processing Agent Research (VIPAR) at the Virtual Information Center

Thomas E. Potok, Ph.D.

Applied Software Engineering Research Group Leader

Computational Sciences and Engineering Division

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Research Team

Mark Elmore, Joel Reed, Jim Treadwell


Oak ridge national laboratory l.jpg

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  • Established in 1943 for the World War II Manhattan Project.

  • ORNL today pioneers the development of new energy sources, technologies, and materials

  • The advancement of knowledge in

    • Biological, Chemical,

    • Computational, Engineering,

    • Environmental, Physical, and Social Sciences. 

  • Budget: $870 million, 80% Department of Energy, 20% work for others.

  • 3800 employees, 1500 scientists and engineers


Technology challenge l.jpg

Intelligent

Agents

Technology Challenge:

Can we effectively process increasing volumes of data?

Agents

Sensors

Multimedia

Data

Image

Text

Binary

One small step for man

11010010

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

Time


Simple agent example l.jpg

Simple Agent Example

Agent,

find me the book

“War and Peace,”

and I need it

tomorrow

Dedicated

Agents

Amazon

2 Days

$18.50

Barnes and

Nobel

1 Day

$21.75

B. Dalton

1 Day

$20.25

Does the

agent understand

buying books?

Form a plan

to buy the

book


Simple agent example5 l.jpg

Simple Agent Example

Agent,

find me the book

“War and Peace,”

and I need it

tomorrow

Dedicated

Agents

Amazon

2 Days

$18.50

Barnes and

Nobel

1 Day

$21.75

B. Dalton

1 Day

$20.25

Agent

Communities

Library

1 Day

Free

Does the

agent understand

buying books?

Form a plan

to buy the

book

eBay

1 Day

$12.50

Execute the

plan

On-Line

www.online-literature.com

Now

Free


Uspacom virtual information center l.jpg

USPACOM Virtual Information Center

Manually gather

Information from

20–30 newspapers

Manually Organize

Information

Intellectually Analyze

And Summarize

Information

Inside China

CINC Summary

Russia Today

Summary

Jakarta Post

Analysts

Unorganized Newspaper

Articles


Uspacom virtual information center7 l.jpg

USPACOM Virtual Information Center

Manually gather

Information from

20–30 newspapers

Manually Organize

Information

Intellectually Analyze

And Summarize

Information

Inside China

CINC Summary

Russia Today

Summary

Jakarta Post

Analysts

Unorganized Newspaper

Articles

What if technology could do this for the analyst in real time?


New intelligent agent approach l.jpg

CINC Summary

New Intelligent Agent Approach

  • Gathers and organizes 10,000 article per day the articles for the analysts

  • Can increase the capability of an analyst by 10 fold

  • Leverage the analyst’s intellectual capacity for more precise decision support

Technologically Gather,

Organize, andSummarize

Thousands of articles

Intellectually Analyze

And Summarize

Information

Inside China

Russia Today

Jakarta Post

Summary

Analysts

Article

Retrieval

Agents

Organize and

summarize

Articles


Vipar technology l.jpg

VIPAR Technology

  • Agglomerative hierarchical clustering

  • Dynamic vector space model

  • Entropy based term frequency measures

  • Resource Description Framework (RDF) agent ontologies

  • K-means knowledge discovery

  • Phylips tree rendering


Clustering a simple example l.jpg

D1

D2

D3

Clustering: A Simple Example

1. Original and Parsed Documents

2. Terms Dictionary

3. Vector Space Model

4. Document Similarity

5. Euclidean Distance

7. Phylips tree representation

6. Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering

8

1

2

3

4

6

7


Vipar example taliban search 15 feb 2002 taleban l.jpg

VIPAR Example “Taliban” Search – 15 FEB 2002 “Taleban”

  • Accountability in Afghanistan, FRIENDLY FIRE

  • U.S. paid off warlords

  • U.S. Taliban fighter will remain in custody

  • Army Troops Fired Upon in Kandahar;

  • Lindh Pleads Not Guilty to Terror Aid

  • Kabul warns of Taliban, al-Qaida holdouts

  • American Taliban pleads not guilty

  • World Scene February 11, 2002 • Combined dispatches and staff reports

  • Geneva rules for Taliban

  • Bending the Geneva Rules

  • Musharraf concedes rivalry renewed with Iran

  • 'Axis' speech starts paying off

  • Bush ties drug use to terrorist support

  • Troops search site for dead al Qaeda

  • Rumsfeld assails POW critics


Vipar knowledge management the analyst s edge same result easier to see l.jpg

  • Prisoners

    • POWs

      • Rumsfeld assails POW critics

      • Geneva rules for Taliban

      • Bending the Geneva Rules

    • American Taliban

      • U.S. Taliban fighter will remain in custody

      • Lindh Pleads Not Guilty to Terror Aid

      • American Taliban pleads not guilty

  • Afghan Region

    • Military Action

      • Accountability in Afghanistan, FRIENDLY FIRE

      • Army Troops Fired Upon in Kandahar;

      • Kabul warns of Taliban, al-Qaida holdouts

      • Troops search site for dead al Qaeda

    • Afghanistan

      • World Scene February 11, 2002 • Combined dispatches and staff reports

      • U.S. paid off warlords

      • Bush ties drug use to terrorist support

    • Other Middle Eastern Countries

      • 'Axis' speech starts paying off

      • Musharraf concedes rivalry renewed with Iran

VIPAR Knowledge Management: The analyst’s Edge Same result, easier to “see”

Prisoners

Military Action

POWs

Afghanistan

Other Middle Eastern Countries

American Taliban

Afghan Region


Endorsements l.jpg

Endorsements

  • US Pacific Command’s CINC Admiral Blair

    • “A tremendously successful project”

    • “Software agents … lead to substantially improved analytical products.”

  • Science and Technology Advisor

    • “a grand slam home run!”

    • “first time we've seen information discovery and knowledge management software working at HQ USCINCPAC operationally.”


Successful projects l.jpg

Neural Nets for Recovery Boiler Control

Neural Nets for Bankruptcy Prediction

Neural Nets for Spring-back Prediction

Collaborative Design System

Neural Nets for Resistance. Spot Welding

Neural Nets for Material Mix Optimization

Genetic Algorithms for Chemical Synthesis

Knowledge-based Systems - Manufacturing Advisors

Knowledge-based Systems for Constructability

Design and Analysis of Computer Experiments

Knowledge-based Computer Systems Calibration

Successful Projects

  • We have extensive expertise in agent development

Scientific Data Management

VIPAR Knowledge Discovery

Supply Chain Management Agent System

Manufacturing Emulation Agent System

Collaborative Management Environment

  • Over 10 successful projects within the last 5 years

1985

1990

1995

2000


Cyber counterintelligence example l.jpg

Cyber Counterintelligence Example

  • 58,238 records of errors when accessing ORNL’s network on one day in September.

  • If printed, over 5000 pages worth of data

  • A Critical Decision

    • Is someone trying to hack into the system?

    • Who are the malicious users?

    • What can I ignore?

    • How can I analyze this with current tools?

    • What elements of this data are crucial?


Agent technology detecting usage patterns l.jpg

Agent Technology Detecting Usage Patterns

Pattern of person or persons intentionally hiding their identity

Summary of 58,000 outside hits of the ORNL website

Anonymous users potentially

attacking the system

Normal web user errors

“Page not found” by user

Potential attacks of internal e-mail systems

Potential pattern of attack

searching for network weaknesses


Information challenge in modern command and control environments l.jpg

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Information Challenge in Modern Command and Control Environments

Troop assessment

Damage assessments

Casualty reports

Logistics report

Enemy intelligence

Network Compromise

Anthrax detection

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

DECISION!

Signals and Data

Decision


Agents 2007 l.jpg

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Agents 2007

Troop assessment

Damage assessments

Casualty reports

Logistics report

Enemy intelligence

Network Compromise

Anthrax detection

Intelligent

Agents

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Intelligent

Agent

Low Ammo

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Anthrax detected

(Medical Records)

Enemy Near

(see Video)

Support ammo low

Intelligent

Agent

Intelligent

Agents

Off Course

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Intelligent

Agent

Enemy Position

DECISION

Information

Decision


Agents 2012 l.jpg

Intelligent

Agents

Troop assessment

Damage assessments

Casualty reports

Logistics report

Enemy intelligence

Network Compromise

Anthrax detection

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Agents 2012

Decision

Analysis

“What if…”

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Intelligent

Agent

Low Ammo

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Anthrax detected

(Medical Records)

Enemy Near

(see Video)

Support ammo low

Intelligent

Agent

Intelligent

Agents

  • Anthrax attack is real?

  • 13% of troops will die

  • 10,000 civilian will die

  • We engage the enemy?

  • 70% chance of victory

  • With air support 90%

Off Course

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Intelligent

Agent

Enemy Position

Information

Decision

Decision Modeling and Support Agents

Manpower

Agent

Intelligence

Agent

Operations

Agent

Logistics

Agent

Strategic

Plans

Agent

C4

Systems

Agent

Operational

Plans

Agent

Force

Structure

Agent


Agents beyond 2012 l.jpg

Intelligent

Agents

Troop assessment

Damage assessments

Casualty reports

Logistics report

Enemy intelligence

Network Compromise

Anthrax detection

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Decision Modeling and Support Agents

Decision Modeling and Support Agents

Manpower

Agent

Manpower

Agent

Intelligence

Agent

Intelligence

Agent

Operations

Agent

Operations

Agent

Logistics

Agent

Logistics

Agent

Strategic

Plans

Agent

Strategic

Plans

Agent

C4

Systems

Agent

C4

Systems

Agent

Operational

Plans

Agent

Operational

Plans

Agent

Force

Structure

Agent

Force

Structure

Agent

Agents Beyond 2012

  • What if:

  • Anthrax attack is real?

  • 13% of troops will die

  • 10,000 civilian will die

  • We engage the enemy?

  • 70% chance of victory

  • With air support 90%

Decision

Analysis

“What if?”

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Intelligent

Agent

Low Ammo

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feeds

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Intelligent

Agent

How do we prevent future Anthrax attacks?

What other attacks are likely?

Anthrax detected

(Medical Records)

Enemy Near

(see Video)

Support ammo low

Intelligent

Agents

Off Course

  • Video Feed

  • GPS

  • Ammo level sensor

  • Gun sensor

  • Clothing sensors

  • Battlefield sensors

  • PDA

    • Orders

    • Maps

    • Personnel info

    • Enemy info

    • Battle info

    • Customs

Intelligent

Agent

Enemy Position


Summary l.jpg

Summary

  • Intelligent software agents are a significant breakthrough technology

  • We have a progression of significantly successful, deployed, agent systems and research to our credit

  • Our systems represent a unique discrimination from state-of-the-practice, common, data mining

  • Enhancements would focus on military-specific needs, e.g.; languages, types of sources/data, decision aides, manpower savings


Contact information l.jpg

Contact Information

Thomas E. Potok, Ph.D.

[email protected]

865-574-0834


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