Types of dogs
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Types of Dogs. SPORTING GROUP. English Springer Spaniel. It originated from Europe. During the 1600s it was an ideal companion for hunters in Europe It is used in all types of terrain, especially one that is thick with brambles.

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Types of Dogs

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Types of dogs

Types of Dogs


Sporting group

SPORTING GROUP


English springer spaniel

English Springer Spaniel

  • It originated from Europe.

  • During the 1600s it was an ideal companion for hunters in Europe

  • It is used in all types of terrain, especially one that is thick with brambles.

  • Black or liver with white marking or predominantly white with black and white or liver with tan markings.


Cocker spaniel

Cocker Spaniel

  • The origin of the breed came to America in 1868.

  • The cocker spaniel has retained its early classification in the sporting group, and is recognized as the smallest member of the sporting dog family.

  • Many colors exist in solid and part-i-colors.


Irish setter

Irish Setter

  • Originated several hundred years ago in Ireland.

  • Used for bird hunting, due to speed and endurance.

  • Coat color is a mahogany red or golden chestnut.

  • Very outgoing temperament.


Golden retriever

Golden Retriever

  • Originated in Scotland around 1865.

  • Bred to retrieve wild fowl.

  • Today, often used as guide dogs.

  • Rich golden coat, with straight or wavy hair.

  • Friendly and intelligent expression.


Hound group

HOUND GROUP


Afghan hound

Afghan Hound

  • It is believed that the afghan hound existed thousands of years ago in Egypt and is native to the Sinai.

  • The breed was discovered by the western world in Afghanistan during the early 1800s.

  • It is used for hunting, pursuing game by sight and followed by huntsman on horseback.

  • Have long silky hair coat .


Beagle

Beagle

  • First known as a distinct breed in the 16th century in England.

  • Smooth coat with black or brown and usually white.

  • Hunts by scent and resembles a Foxhound.

  • There are two types of Beagle, 13 and 15 inch.


Norwegian elkhound

Norwegian Elkhound

  • It was traced back to the early Vikings in 4000 BC to 5000 BC

  • It has been used to defend flocks from wolves, bears, and to protect man from wild animals

  • It was used to hunt elk .

  • Gray with darker gray saddle. The muzzle, ears and tail tip are black.


Toy group

TOY GROUP


Shih tzu

Shih Tzu

  • Native to Tibet, and bred in China since the 17th century.

  • The name of breed means “lion dog.”

  • The dog is represented in much Chinese art.

  • Long, luxurious hair.

  • Trusting and affectionate house dog.


Pekingese

Pekingese

  • Was held sacred in china, the land of its origin.

  • Introduction of the breed into the western world occurred as a result of the looting of the imperial palace at Peking by the British in 1860.

  • Used as a watchdog.

  • Red, fawn, black, and tan, sable,brindle, white, and part-i-colored.


Lhasa apso

Lhasa Apso

  • The breed originated in the country of Tibet.

  • The breed is easily trained and responsive to kindness.

  • Was used as a guard dog because of its intelligence, quick hearing, and an instinct for distinguishing intimates and strangers.

  • All colors equally acceptable with or without dark tips to ears and beard.

  • Heavy, straight, hard, not woolly nor silky, of good length, and very dense.


Papillon pap ee yon

Papillon (Pap-ee-yon)

  • The Papillon has a long, plumed tail which is carried over the back.

  • It has a white coat which has patches of any color except liver.

  • The ears which are shaped like butterfly wings are carried erect or drooping.

  • It’s sometimes called the butterfly dog due to its ears.

  • This is one of the oldest breeds with a history in Europe going back about 700 years.

  • It was featured in many paintings of the Renaissance era.

  • It was wide spread in Italy during the Renaissance era and later perfected by the French.

  • It was used as a compainion dog.


Italian greyhound

Italian Greyhound

  • Italian Greyhounds are elegant miniature fine-boned dogs.

  • They have a long head ending in a pointed muzzle.

  • This Greyhound is almost an exact replica of its larger cousins.

  • Unlike its larger cousins it is not used for races, but as a companion.

  • A dog similar to today’s was found in a 6,000 year old tomb in Egypt.

  • It was brought to Europe by the Phoenicians then was later developed by Romans.

  • This breed was favored by people such like Catherine the Great of Russia, Anne of Denmark, and Queen Victoria.


Terrier group

TERRIER GROUP


Smooth coated fox terrier

Smooth-coated Fox Terrier

  • The breed is English in origin and dates back to the 1800s.

  • In 1984, the AKC approves separate breed standards for the smooth-coated fox terrier and the wire fox terrier.

  • Was used to hunt den animals and was noted for its courage.

  • White should predominate; Brindle, red or liver markings are objectionable. Otherwise this point is of little or no importance.


Cairn terrier

Cairn Terrier

  • It has a shaggy outer coat with a soft downy like undercoat.

  • The coat comes in red, brindle, blackish, sand, and various shades of grey.

  • It is about 14in. From the forechest to its back.

  • It has small pointed ears that are usually always erect.

  • It has been known since the 1500s but was presented publicly in 1909 and became popular in 1930.

  • It is one of Scotland’s original Terriers.

  • It was named after piles of small stones that they would protect from animals. (stones were used to cover graves and mark borders)


Airedale terrier

Airedale Terrier

  • It is a large terrier with a wiry coat with a soft undercoat, a long flat head, and deep chest.

  • Its coat makes it resistant to dampness and it is customarily tan with black markings.

  • It was developed about a hundred years ago in the country of York.

  • It is named for the Valley of the Aire in England.

  • It was used as a vermin hunter. Was then crossed with an Otterhound so it would be a better swimmer.

  • It has been used to hunt big game in Africa, India, and Canada.

  • The Airedale has also been used as a police dog and army sentry in World War II.

  • Now it is just a companion dog


Australian terrier

Australian Terrier

  • Dating from the 1860s.

  • Used to guard mines and herd sheep.

  • Has good sense of smell and eyesight.

  • Is one of the smallest working terriers.

  • Sometimes has faults, such as shyness and aggressiveness.


Airedale terrier1

Airedale Terrier

  • It’s from or developed in the county of York in England.

  • Descended from crossing in the old English terrier or broken hair terriers with the Otterhound.

  • The breed was originally used for hunting bears, wolves, fox, badger, weasel, and other small game.

  • The head and ears are tan, with the ears being a darker shade than the rest. The sides and upper parts of the body should be black or dark grizzle.


Skye terrier

Skye Terrier

  • Originated on the Isle of Skye, near the northwestern coast of Scotland.

  • Became the pet for the English aristocracy in the 16th century.

  • Hair on the head falls over eyes and forehead.

  • Color can range from dark gray, blue or fawn.


Herding group

HERDING GROUP


Shetland sheepdog

Shetland Sheepdog

  • The Shetland sheepdog is a breed that probably descended from the collies that were brought to the Scottish island of Scotland.

  • These collies developed in miniature because of the environment, a form being crossed with small border collies.

  • Used to herd cattle, sheep, any farm animals.

  • Black, blue merle, and sable; Marked with varying amounts.


Old english sheepdog

Old English Sheepdog

  • Developed in England’s West Country by farmers needing an agile dog to drive livestock to market.

  • Widely used in agricultural areas by the 19th Century.

  • Its exact ancestry is not known, but some believe its ancestors were the scotch bearded collie, while others believe it descended from a long- haired Russian Breed called the Owtchar.

  • It has been used as a guard dog, sled dog, and retriever.

  • Any shade of gray, grizzle, blue or blue merle with or without marking or in reverse.


Welsh corgi

Welsh Corgi

  • Two breeds, the Cardigan and Pembroke.

  • Pembroke, early 12th century and the Cardigan, even earlier.

  • Corgi mean “dwarf” in Welsh.

  • Cardigan has a docked tail, while the Pembroke has a fox like tail.


Shetland sheepdog1

Shetland Sheepdog

  • Developed to herd the sheep of the Shetland Islands.

  • Bred from rough-coated Collies, called “shelties”.

  • Hair forms a mane around neck.

  • Coloring can be black, blue-gray or sable with white or tan markings.


Working group

WORKING GROUP


Alaskan malamute

Alaskan Malamute

  • Nordic dog descended from the Artic wolf.

  • First used 2000-3000 years ago my Alaskan eskimos.

  • One of the oldest Artic dogs and was named for the native Innuit tribe called Mahlemute (now spelled Malamute).

  • Bred with outside strains; with the increase in the popularity of sled racing as a sport

  • The usual colors range from light gray

  • Light gray to shadings to black and sable, always with white underbodies - parts of the legs feet and part of mask markings.


Siberian husky

Siberian Husky

  • Was originated by the Chukchi people of Northeastern Asia as an endurance sled dog.

  • The breed was brought to Alaska in 1909 at compete in the All Alaska Sweepstakes Races.

  • Is used as a sled dog early in t e generation.

  • All colors from black to pure white. A variety of markings on the head are in common.


Non sporting group

NON-SPORTING GROUP


Poodle

Poodle

  • The poodle originated in Germany where it was known as the Pudel.

  • For years it has been known as the national dog of France.

  • Was commonly used as a retriever and as a circus trick dog.

  • The coat is an even and solid color at the skin. In blues, grays, silvers, browns, cafe-au-laits, apricots and creams the coat may show varying shades of the same color.


Dalmatian

Dalmatian

  • Originated in Dalmatia.

  • Known as “coach dog”, because it use to follow horse-drawn carriages.

  • Today known as “firehouse dog”, because is often used as a firefighter’s mascot.

  • White with black or brown spots.


Boxer

Boxer

  • Developed in Germany around the 19th and 20th centuries.

  • Ancestors of breed was used for dog-fighting and bull-baiting.

  • Later in Germany was introduced to police work and guide dog.

  • Very muscular body.


Types of dogs

Pug

  • Developed in China, then imported to England in the 16th century.

  • Dog has short, small body with profuse wrinkles.

  • Color is silver or apricot-fawn, with black mask.

  • Playful and loving temperament.


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