Treponema pallidum

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Introduction. The name of the bacteria is Treponema pallidum. The bacteria is the causative agent of syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease (STD).T. Pallidum is a member of the spirochete family of bacteria.. http://www.uveitis.org/medical/articles/case/syphilitic_uveitis.html. Historical Background.

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Treponema pallidum

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1. Treponema pallidum Julia C. Saidah K. Preston M. Luis F. 2006 Elmhurst Math and Science

2. Introduction The name of the bacteria is Treponema pallidum. The bacteria is the causative agent of syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease (STD). T. Pallidum is a member of the spirochete family of bacteria.

3. Historical Background Most accepted theory is that Christopher Columbus and his Crew brought back the bacteria which caused the disease Syphilis from the journey to the New World. No distinctive signs of syphilis were found in Europe before he came back.

4. Recent Years Scientist sequenced the genome of the bacteria Treponema Pallidum in 1998. From this information scientist hoped to advance their ability to diagnose, treat, and prevent Syphilis.

5. Symptoms There are four known stages: First Stage: also known as primary syphilis in which the person comes in contact with the disease. Secondary Stage: During this stage you develop skin rashes. Latent Stage: During this stage the disease cannot be transmitted and there are no symptoms. Final Stage: During this stage people may suffer numerous complications caused by Treponema Pallidum.

6. Treatment Penicillin is the antibiotic that is used to cure syphilis. Over-the-counter medications do not cure syphilis. Any damage to organs can not be reversed.

7. Prevention Refraining from sexual contact with a individual infected with Syphilis will prevent spreading. Using a condom will also help prevent transmission

8. Facts The group with the highest infection rate in 1998 was between the ages of 20 to 39. If you were African-American you were three times greater to be infected with syphilis than the white population. Factors that may increase your risk of being infected are poverty levels, availability of medical treatment, and access to educational opportunities.

9. Bibliography Cann, Alan Dr.(2006). Treponema Pallidum. Retrieved August 2, 2006 from www-micro.msb.le.ac.uk/video/tpallidum.html Doran, C.,& Kristina Nowadly (2006). Treponema Pallidum. Retrieved July 30, 2006 from www.treponemapallidum.homestead.com/index~ns4.html Lederberg, J.(1992). Encyclopedia of Microbiology. New York, NY: Academic Press Inc. Moore, A.(1948). Encyclopedia of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, Inc., Publishers.

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