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The Stirrings of Rebellion The Stamp Act, the Intolerable Acts, Sons & Daughters of Liberty, Boston Massacre, Committees of Correspondence, Boston Tea Party, Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, 1st Continental Congress, and Battle of Lexington & Concord Colonies Organize to Resist Britain

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The Stirrings of Rebellion

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  • The Stirrings of Rebellion

    • The Stamp Act, the Intolerable Acts, Sons & Daughters of Liberty, Boston Massacre, Committees of Correspondence, Boston Tea Party, Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, 1st Continental Congress, and Battle of Lexington & Concord


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Colonies Organize to Resist Britain

  • March 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act which required colonist to purchase stamps for legal documents, license, newspapers, pamphlets and playing cards

    • Violators could be tried in vice-admiralty courts


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  • In protest, Sons of Liberty formed

    • Led by Samuel Adams- a powerful political activist

  • They began harassing stamp agents- (most resigned)

  • Patrick Henry- proposed many resolutions in the Virginia legislature

    • “Virginian’s can only be taxed by the Virginia assembly”

  • Boycotts- Act repealed in 1766


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  • 1767- Townshend Acts passes- taxed glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea

  • Agents seized Hancock’s ship, Liberty, triggering riots

  • 2,000 red coats stationed in Boston in response to riots


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Boston Massacre

  • March 5, 1770 mob in Boston taunted guards, an armed clash erupted, killing Crispus Attucks and 4 others dead

  • Committees of Correspondence- began in Mass. and Vir. to communicate with other colonies about threats to American liberties


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  • Tea Act passed in 1773 cut colonial merchants out of the tea trade

  • Dec. 16 1773 a group of Boston rebels dressed as Native Americans boarded 3 British East India Company ships dumping 18,000 pounds of tea into the harbor


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  • King George III in response to tea party passed Intolerable Acts in 1774

    • Shut down Boston Harbor

    • Required quartering of soldiers (Quartering Act)

    • Thomas Gage- Commander of British forces was appointed governor of Mass.

    • Boston was placed under martial law


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Many were persuaded by a pamphlet titled Common Sense. In it, Thomas Paine blamed the colonists’ troubles on the king, not his government.


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  • September 1774, 56 delegates met in Philadelphia to draw up a declaration of colonial rights

  • This was the 1st Continental Congress; agreed to meet again in 1775

  • Colonies began military preparation- Minutemen and stockpiling arms


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  • General Gage hears reports of weapons hidden outside of Boston

  • April 1775, British plan to seize weapons in Lexington and Concord

  • April 18, Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott spread word the British were coming


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  • April 19, 1775 British reach Lexington encountering 70 minutemen

  • Shot was fired-8 minutemen killed, British had 1 wounded

  • British marched to Concord 3,000 to 4,000 minutemen firing on the British Troops forcing them to return to Boston


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