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The Stirrings of Rebellion

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The Stirrings of RebellionThe Stamp Act - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Stirrings of Rebellion The Stamp Act, the Intolerable Acts, Sons & Daughters of Liberty, Boston Massacre, Committees of Correspondence, Boston Tea Party, Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, 1st Continental Congress, and Battle of Lexington & Concord Colonies Organize to Resist Britain

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
The Stirrings of Rebellion
    • The Stamp Act, the Intolerable Acts, Sons & Daughters of Liberty, Boston Massacre, Committees of Correspondence, Boston Tea Party, Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, 1st Continental Congress, and Battle of Lexington & Concord
colonies organize to resist britain
Colonies Organize to Resist Britain
  • March 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act which required colonist to purchase stamps for legal documents, license, newspapers, pamphlets and playing cards
    • Violators could be tried in vice-admiralty courts
slide3
In protest, Sons of Liberty formed
    • Led by Samuel Adams- a powerful political activist
  • They began harassing stamp agents- (most resigned)
  • Patrick Henry- proposed many resolutions in the Virginia legislature
    • “Virginian’s can only be taxed by the Virginia assembly”
  • Boycotts- Act repealed in 1766
slide4
1767- Townshend Acts passes- taxed glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea
  • Agents seized Hancock’s ship, Liberty, triggering riots
  • 2,000 red coats stationed in Boston in response to riots
boston massacre
Boston Massacre
  • March 5, 1770 mob in Boston taunted guards, an armed clash erupted, killing Crispus Attucks and 4 others dead
  • Committees of Correspondence- began in Mass. and Vir. to communicate with other colonies about threats to American liberties
slide6
Tea Act passed in 1773 cut colonial merchants out of the tea trade
  • Dec. 16 1773 a group of Boston rebels dressed as Native Americans boarded 3 British East India Company ships dumping 18,000 pounds of tea into the harbor
slide7
King George III in response to tea party passed Intolerable Acts in 1774
    • Shut down Boston Harbor
    • Required quartering of soldiers (Quartering Act)
    • Thomas Gage- Commander of British forces was appointed governor of Mass.
    • Boston was placed under martial law
slide9

Many were persuaded by a pamphlet titled Common Sense. In it, Thomas Paine blamed the colonists’ troubles on the king, not his government.

slide11
September 1774, 56 delegates met in Philadelphia to draw up a declaration of colonial rights
  • This was the 1st Continental Congress; agreed to meet again in 1775
  • Colonies began military preparation- Minutemen and stockpiling arms
slide13
General Gage hears reports of weapons hidden outside of Boston
  • April 1775, British plan to seize weapons in Lexington and Concord
  • April 18, Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott spread word the British were coming
slide14
April 19, 1775 British reach Lexington encountering 70 minutemen
  • Shot was fired-8 minutemen killed, British had 1 wounded
  • British marched to Concord 3,000 to 4,000 minutemen firing on the British Troops forcing them to return to Boston
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