The skin
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The Skin. About the skin. Largest organ of the body Covers and protects everything inside the body Controls body temperature Allows us to have the sense of touch through nerve endings Skin can become infected with bacteria, viruses and fungi Mends itself when damaged. Structure of Skin.

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Presentation Transcript

About the skin l.jpg
About the skin

  • Largest organ of the body

  • Covers and protects everything inside the body

  • Controls body temperature

  • Allows us to have the sense of touch through nerve endings

  • Skin can become infected with bacteria, viruses and fungi

  • Mends itself when damaged



Epidermis l.jpg
Epidermis

  • Top layer (outer covering)

  • Made up of flat, dead cells

  • These dead cells shed from our body

  • Inner part of the epidermis is made up of dividing cells

  • These cells push upwards and replace the dead cells

www.abpischools.org.uk/page/modules/skin/skin2.cfm?coSiteNavigation_allTopic=1


Dermis l.jpg
Dermis

  • Inner layer

  • Made up of different tissues and structures


Task answer the following l.jpg

Which layer of the skin do cells divide and make new ones?

What happens to skin cells when they reach the outer layer?

What helps the hairs move?

What gland produces oils?

What do sensory cells helps us do?

Epidermis

Die & flake off

Muscles

Sebaceous gland

Touch, pressure, heat, cold, pain

Task: Answer the following


Controls temperature l.jpg
Controls temperature

  • Body temperature is normally 37°c

  • Hypothalamus- part of the brain that controls temperature

  • Too hot: Start to sweat

    Blood vessels open up more (vasodilation)

  • Too cold: Goosebumps & Shiver

    Hairs stand up

    Warm air is trapped against the skin

    Blood vessels constrict (vasoconstriction)

http://www.abpischools.org.uk/page/modules/skin/skin3.cfm?coSiteNavigation_allTopic=1


Skin facts l.jpg
Skin facts

  • Melaninis a pigment in our skin that gives us colour.

  • The darker you are the more melanin you have.

  • An albino person has no melanin

  • Keratinis produced in the epidermis

  • This helps keep skin waterproof

    with the oil


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