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Test Preparation PSY 1730 Key Concepts - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Test Preparation PSY 1730 Key Concepts When do you start studying for a test? Why doesn’t the way you studied in High School work in College? What role does memory play in test preparation? How does memory work? What are Advance Organizers? When do you start studying for a test?

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key concepts
Key Concepts
  • When do you start studying for a test?
  • Why doesn’t the way you studied in High School work in College?
  • What role does memory play in test preparation?
  • How does memory work?
  • What are Advance Organizers?
when do you start studying for a test
When do you start studying for a test?
  • The FIRST day of class!
  • You are responsible for material covered in (unless otherwise instructed):
    • Lectures
    • Text
    • Homework
    • Labs and Field Trips
    • Outside Readings
the six hour d
The Six-Hour D

I studied six hours and still got a D!

*%!*#@!!

why doesn t the way you studied in high school work in college
Why doesn’t the way you studied in High School work in college?
  • More material is covered in college classes, usually in a shorter length of time.
  • The content is more complex.
  • You will be expected to understand, synthesize, apply, analyze, and evaluate information – not just memorize it.
  • Over-learn material to avoid “brain-freeze” (takes time and repetition).
memory and your brain
Memory and Your Brain
  • The brain:
    • Has a natural learning process.
    • Has an innate sense of logic.
    • Is a pattern seeker.
    • Is a problem solver.
    • Is imaginative and creative (can see in new ways).
    • Is motivated to learn.

(Smilkstien, 2000)

bloom s taxonomy six thinking levels
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Six Thinking Levels

Evaluation

Synthesis

Analysis

Application

Comprehension

Knowledge

(requires memorization or recognition only)

blooms defined
Blooms Defined
  • Knowledge-level = recognize or memorize
  • Comprehension-level = understand
  • Application-level = apply to a new situation
  • Analysis-level = break into parts
  • Synthesis-level = bring into a single unit
  • Evaluation-level = judge worth/value

(uses Analysis and Synthesis)

your brain needs you to organize information
Your Brain Needs You to Organize Information!
  • Advance Planners
    • Comparison Charts
    • Process Diagrams
    • Concept Maps
    • Outlines
    • Time Lines
  • WebCT Assignment Web Site for Test Preparation:

http://www.usu.edu/arc/study_guide/creating.htm

informal outline
Informal Outline
  • 1. Dynamic (also called psychoanalytic)

Characteristics

Person continually in conflict; opposing forces

Source of forces = psychic apparatus

    • Psychic apparatus
      • Id: instinctual drives possessed at birth such as hunger, thirstsex and aggression most important drives (per Freud)
      • Ego: reconciles demands of id with "real" world moderates and guides basic instincts in line with society\'s normsprovides capacity for delayed gratification
      • Superego: conscience ("internalized parent") shaped by social forces such as school, church, close acquaintances
  • 2. Humanistic
  • 3. Social learning
group activity
Group Activity
  • Five Groups
  • Each create an assigned advanced organizer
    • Comparison Chart
    • Process Diagram
    • Concept Map
    • Outline
    • Time Line
  • Draw on Transparency
  • Share with Class
review
Review

You will do better on college exams if you:

  • Study over several days
  • Study in small time chunks – 50 min., 10 min break
  • Study when you have peak energy
  • Use Advanced Organizers
  • Remember your brain was “Born to Learn!”
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